Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An insect known for its fierce stings, used as a symbol of God’s judgment against the Canaanites and his aiding the Israelites during the conquest (Exod 23:28; Deut 7:20; Josh 24:12).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hornet[Heb ṣirʿâ; Arab ḍarʿa]; NEB PANIC. Hornets, like wasps (which are smaller in size), belong to the family Vespidae of the order Hymenoptera. In Palestine, the commonest hornet species is the Vespa orientalis, a large yellow or reddish-brown insect which will sting anyone who molests it. As
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
hornet, an insect of the order Hymenoptera, larger and more dangerous than a wasp, probably Vespa orientalis. Hornets were known for having an especially painful sting that would continue to be felt for several days. Worse, they could cause vast damage to trees and fruit when conditions allowed them
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
HornetA large insect of the order Hymenoptera, which lives in a multicelled cellulose nest that the hornets make by chewing the bark of trees. Though they prove useful to humans by masticating large numbers of insects to feed their larvae, hornets (Heb. ṣirʿâ) cause great damage to ripe fruit and
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hornet (Heb. ṣir˓â). A large insect of the order Hymenoptera, a wasp which lives with thousands of others in a multicelled cellulose nest the hornets make by chewing the bark of trees. Though they prove useful to humans by masticating large numbers of insects to feed their larvae, they cause great
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Hornet. The hornet bears a general resemblance to the common wasp, only it is larger. It is exceedingly fierce and voracious, especially in hot climates, and its sting is frequently dangerous. In Scripture the hornet is referred to only as the means which Jehovah employed for the extirpation of the Canaanites.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Hornet—Heb. tsir’ah, “stinging”, (Ex. 23:28; Deut. 7:20; Josh. 24:12). The word is used in these passages as referring to some means by which the Canaanites were to be driven out from before the Israelites. Some have supposed that the word is used in a metaphorical sense as the symbol of some panic which
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Hornethornet, an insect of the order Hymenoptera, larger and more dangerous than a wasp, probably Vespa orientalis. The Hebrew term for hornet also means ‘depression, discouragement.’ In Josh. 24:12; Exod. 23:28; and Deut. 7:20 the term could have a literal meaning or it may symbolize God’s intervention
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Horʹnet. In Scripture the hornet is referred to only as the means which Jehovah employed for the extirpation of the Canaanites (Ex. 23:28; Deut. 7:20; Josh. 24:12). Some commentators regard the word as used in its literal sense, but more probably it expresses, under a vivid image, the consternation and
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
hornet. This English term is used by some Bible versions to render Hebrew ṣirʿâ H7667, a word that occurs three times, possibly referring to a stinging wasp (Vespa orientalis). God told the Israelites that he would send his terror ahead of them to throw the pagan nations into confusion. Then he added,