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Hormah
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A town in the Negev where the Canaanites defeated the Israelites during the first, failed invasion of Canaan (Num 14:45; Deut 1:44). The next generation of Israelites defeated the Canaanites here and devoted the Canaanite city to destruction (Num 21:3). David also sent gifts to the Judahite elders in Hormah after he defeated the Amalekites (1 Sam 30:30).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hormah
Hormah (חָרְמָה‎, chormah). A town in the Negev where the Canaanites defeated the Israelites during the first, failed invasion of Canaan (Num 14:45; Deut 1:44). The next generation of Israelites defeated the Canaanites here and devoted the Canaanite city to destruction (Num 21:3). David also sent gifts
Zephath
Zephath (צְפַת‎, tsephath; חָרְמָה‎, chormah). A Canaanite city conquered by the tribes of Judah and Simeon (Judg 1:17).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Hormah (Place)
HORMAH (PLACE) [Heb ḥormâ (חָרְמָה)]. A city or cluster of cities in the Negeb region of Judah. Hormah plays a role in the episode of the aborted S invasion of Canaan by the Israelites. When their invasion was repulsed by the Amorites, the fleeing Israelites were pursued as far as Hormah (Num 14:45;
Zephath (Place)
ZEPHATH (PLACE) [Heb ṣĕpat (צְפַת)]. One of the Canaanite sites in the region of the Negeb which had not been captured during the original Israelite conquest under Joshua. It was subsequently taken by the allied forces of Simeon and Judah (Judg 1:17). According to the biblical account, the site was
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Hormah
Hormah. Town near Beersheba in the Negeb and on the border of the tribes of Judah and Simeon. Originally a Canaanite settlement, it became Judah’s according to Joshua 15:30 and then Simeon’s according to 19:4. Judah had dominated it again by the time of the early monarchy (1 Sm 30:30). The change of
Zephath
Zephath. Canaanite city conquered by Judah and Simeon and subsequently renamed Hormah (Jgs 1:17). Zephath (Hormah) was the site of Israel’s first abortive attempt to enter Canaan when they violated Moses’ command and were, as a result, defeated by the Amalekites and the Canaanites (Nm 14:45).See Hormah.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hormah
Hormah hōrʹmə [Heb. ḥormâ—‘devotion,’ ‘destruction’]. A city first mentioned in connection with the defeat of the Israelites by the Amalekites and the Canaanites after the Israelites decided that they had made a mistake in not accepting the report of Joshua and Caleb that favored entering the land.
Zephath
Zephath zēʹfath [Heb. ep̱aṯ]. A Canaanite city in the Negeb of Judah near Arad (Jgs. 1:17). The tribes of Judah and Simeon totally destroyed the city and renamed it Hormah (“destruction”).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Hormah
HORMAH Town near Beersheba in the Negev and on the border of the tribes of Judah and Simeon. Originally a Canaanite settlement, it became Judah’s according to Joshua 15:30 and then Simeon’s according to Joshua 19:4, 9. Judah dominated it again by the time of the early monarchy (1 Sm 30:30). The change
Zephath
ZEPHATH Canaanite city conquered by Judah and Simeon and subsequently renamed Hormah (Jgs 1:17). Zephath (Hormah) was the site of Israel’s first abortive attempt to enter Canaan when they violated Moses’ command and were, as a result, defeated by the Amalekites and the Canaanites (Nm 14:45).See also
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hormah
Hormah (hor´muh; Heb., “destruction” or “accursed”), a city in the region of Judea, close to the border with Edom. In their first attempt to take the city the Israelites were defeated by the Canaanites and Amalekites (Num. 14:45; Deut. 1:44). It was later subdued by Joshua and was initially allotted
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hormah
HORMAH. A city near Ziklag. The tribes of Israel were defeated there when they tried to move into the Promised Land after the death of the ten spies sent out by Moses (Num 14:45; Deut 1:44). The city was taken later by the Israelites (Num 21:3; Josh 12:14); this feat is also attributed to Judah and Simeon
Zephath
ZEPHATH. Canaanite city in the extreme S of Judah which was utterly destroyed by the tribes of Judah and Simeon (Jdg 1:17). It was later named Hormah, i.e., “denoted to destruction,” See Hormah. A It has been identified with Khirbet el-Meshash, c. eight miles E of Beer-sheba.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Hormah
HORMAH. (Heb. hormâh). An important town in the Negeb, formerly Canaanite Zephath (destroyed by Judahites and Simeonites, Jdg. 1:17); its king is listed as defeated by Joshua (Jos. 12:14). The Israelite name ‘sacred’ recalled the sacrifice of the captured town under a national vow made after a previous
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hormah
Hormah (Heb. ḥormâ)A city described in the OT as lying on the border between the wilderness and the desert south of ancient Canaan proper. The name means “devoted”—for destruction.Hormah was a place where the invading Hebrews sustained a crucial defeat (Num. 14:45; Deut. 1:44), the point to which
Zephath
Zephath (Heb. ṣĕp̱aṯ)A Canaanite city in the Negeb, not far from Arad. It was not taken in the original Israelite conquest, but later the Judahites and Simeonites destroyed the city and renamed it Hormah (Judg. 1:17).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hormah
Hormah [hôrˊmə] (Heb. ḥormâ “devotion”).† A city in Judah, located south of Jerusalem. Hormah became a possession of the tribe of Simeon when Joshua cast lots for the land at Shiloh (Josh. 15:30; 19:4; 1 Chr. 4:30). The meaning of its name is obscure, but it may relate to sanctifying a burnt offering
Zephath
Zephath [zēˊfăth] (Heb. ep̱aṯ “watchtower”). A Canaanite city in Judah, not far from Arad, which the Judahites and Simeonites destroyed and renamed Hormah (Judg. 1:17).
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Hormah
HORMAH A town in the northeastern Negev, close to Arad. It was in the south of the land of Canaan and is connected with the first attempt to penetrate Canaan (Num. 14:45; Deut. 1:44). At that time it was a Canaanite city-state held by the King of Hormah. It was conquered and destroyed by Judah and Simeon
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Hormah
HORMAH (Hebrew, “destruction”) A city in the Negeb region in southern Palestine. The city figured in several different events in the Israelites’ conquest of Canaan. In one instance (Num 14:15; Deut 1:44), the Israelites were repelled in their invasion into southern Canaan and pursued as far as Hormah.
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