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Hophni
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A son of Eli the judge who was killed, along with his brother Phinehas, at the battle of Aphek (1 Sam 4:1–18).Hophni is always mentioned with his brother Phinehas (1 Sam 1:3). Together, they were priests of Yahweh with their father Eli. They took the best parts of meat from the sacrifices, treating the offering of Yahweh with contempt (1 Sam 2:12–17 ESV); and slept with the women who served at the entrance of the tent of meeting (1 Sam 2:22).Eli was aware of his sons’ sin, and rebuked them for it (1 Sam 2:22–24), but failed to correct their behavior. Yahweh spoke about Hophni and Phinehas’ sin first to Eli through an unnamed prophet (1 Sam 2:27) and later directly to Samuel (1 Sam 3:11–18). Both times, Samuel is contrasted with Eli’s sons as Yahweh’s chosen servant, and each mention of their excesses is followed by an example of Yahweh’s favor toward Samuel.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hophni, Son of Eli
Hophni, Son of Eli (חָפְנִי‎, chophniy). A son of Eli the judge who was killed, along with his brother Phinehas, at the battle of Aphek (1 Sam 4:1–18).Hophni is always mentioned with his brother Phinehas (1 Sam 1:3). Together, they were priests of Yahweh with their father Eli. They took the best parts
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Hophni (Person)
HOPHNI (PERSON) [Heb ḥopnı̂ (חָפְנִי)]. Hophni is one of the sons of Eli, the priest. The name is probably from Eg ḥfn (r) meaning “tadpole,” and thus suggests an Egyptian connection for Hophni. Hophni only appears in 1 Samuel and only in association with his brother PHINEHAS.Hophni and Phinehas are
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Hophni
Hophni. Brother of Phinehas, with whom he served as a priest at Shiloh (1 Sm 1:3). He was an evil man who flouted the sacrificial rituals (2:13–17) and behaved immorally (2:22). Condemned by God, Hophni died during a Philistine attack on Shiloh and its sanctuary (4:11).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hophni
Hophni hofʹnī, hofʹnē, and PHINEHAS finʹē-əs [Heb. ḥop̱nî < Egyp ḥfn (r), “tadpole”; Heb. pinḥās (1 S. 1:3), pîneḥās < Egyp pʾ nḥsy, “the Negro/Nubian”]. Sons of Eli, priests of the sanctuary at Shiloh. Their character was wicked enough to merit the designation “worthless men” (AV “sons
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Hophni
HOPHNI Brother of Phinehas, with whom he served as a priest at Shiloh (1 Sm 1:3). He was an evil man who flouted the sacrificial rituals (2:12–17) and behaved immorally (v 22). Condemned by God, Hophni died during a Philistine attack on Shiloh and its sanctuary (4:11).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hophni
Hophni (hof´ni; Egyptian, “tadpole”), the brother of Phinehas, and the son of Eli, the priest at the tabernacle of the Lord in Shiloh in the days of Samuel. Hophni and his brother also served as priests at Shiloh, but they disgraced themselves, eating the meat from sacrifices before the fat had burned
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hophni
HOPHNI. A son of the high priest Eli. The wickedness of Hophni and his brother Phinehas caused a curse to come on the house of Eli (1 Sam 2:34). This curse was fulfilled at the battle of Aphek (1 Sam 4:11).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Hophni and Phinehas
HOPHNI AND PHINEHAS. The two sons of *Eli, ‘priests of the Lord’ at Shiloh (1 Sa. 1:3). Both names are Egyptian, meaning ‘tadpole’ and ‘the Nubian’ respectively. They are described as ‘worthless men; they had no regard for the Lord’ (1 Sa. 2:12). They abused their privileges as priests, claiming more
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hophni
Hophni (Heb. ḥop̱nɩ̂)One of the sons of Eli (cf. Egyp. ḥfn[r]); a priest at Shiloh (1 Sam. 1:3). Like his brother Phinehas, he acted improperly as priest (1 Sam. 2:12–17), bringing Yahweh’s judgment down upon himself (cf. vv. 27–36; 3:11–18). He was killed in the battle of Aphek in which the Philistines
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hophni
Hophni [hŏfˊnī] (Heb. ḥop̱nî; Egyp. ḥfn (r) “tadpole”). One of the sons of Eli, and a priest at Shiloh (1 Sam. 1:3). Like his brother Phinehas, he acted very wickedly as priest (2:12–17), bringing the judgment of the Lord down upon himself (cf. vv. 27–36; 3:11–18). He was killed in the battle
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Hophni
HOPHNI (from the Egyptian for “tadpole”) One of the sons of the priest Eli and the brother of Phinehas. Hophni and Phinehas were priests like their father at the temple of Shiloh (1 Sam 1:3, 7, 9, 24). But they were utterly corrupt and abused the power of their ministry, stealing from the sacrifices
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Hophni
Hoph´ni (pugilist) and Phinehas (brazen mouth), the two sons of Eli, who fulfilled their hereditary sacerdotal duties at Shiloh. Their brutal rapacity and lust, 1 Sam. 2:12–17, 22, filled the people with disgust and indignation, and provoked the curse which was denounced against their father’s house,
See also
Relatives
Eli Father
Phinehas Brother
Ichabod Nephew
Ahitub Nephew
Roles
Related