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Honi
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Ḥoni ha-Me’agel (Hebrew חוֹנִי הַמְעַגֵּל‎, choniy ham'aggel; Greek Ὀνίας, Onias; “Ḥoni the Circle Drawer”). Second Temple Jewish holy man of apparently neutral religious-political affiliation. Died just before Passover around 65 bc.If, as has been suggested, Ḥoni ha-Me’agel is “the best known” Jewish charismatic pietist of the Second Temple era (Vermes, Jesus the Jew, 69), it is not because many details about his life survive. Ḥoni’s fame comes from the many sources that attest to a single, curious detail about his life—a story about a time his successful prayers for rain ended a severe drought in first-century bc Judaea. Different versions of this story appear in Josephus, the scholium of Megillat Ta’anit, the Mishnah, and both Talmuds. Ḥoni and his rainmaking rank among the most frequently discussed narratives in the academic study of rabbinic literature, yet there is a little agreement regarding who he was or what he did. Classic rabbinic literature also tells of how he slept for 70 years.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Honi
Honi Ḥoni ha-Me’agel (Hebrew חוֹנִי הַמְעַגֵּל‎, choniy ham'aggel; Greek Ὀνίας, Onias; “Ḥoni the Circle Drawer”). Second Temple Jewish holy man of apparently neutral religious-political affiliation. Died just before Passover around 65 bc.If, as has been suggested, Ḥoni ha-Me’agel is “the best known”
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Honi
HONI. A righteous Jew who received the name “Ḥoni the Circle-Drawer” because he once reportedly refused to leave a circle he had drawn until rain relieved the parched land (m. Taʿan. 3.8; y. Taʿan. 3.9 [8]; b. Taʿan. 23). His Greek name is “Onias” (Joseph. Ant 14.22). He lived in the early 1st century
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
HONI
HONI [חוני המעגלkhwny hmʿgl]. The name of a famous Jewish wonder-worker (akin to HANINAH BEN-DOSA) of the 1st cent. bce known from both Josephus (Ant. 14.22) and from various references in rabbinic literature (m. Taan 3:8; y. Taan 3:9; b. Taan 23a). He is known as the “circle-drawer” because of his