Holy Spirit
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Investigates how the Holy Spirit is construed in ancient Near Eastern texts and the Old Testament and examines the function and purpose of the Holy Spirit as the personal and powerful presence of God, who works toward the establishment of the kingdom of God in the midst of the people of God.
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Holy Spirit in the Old Testament
Holy Spirit in the Old Testament Investigates how the Holy Spirit is construed in ancient Near Eastern texts and the Old Testament and examines the function and purpose of the Holy Spirit as the personal and powerful presence of God, who works toward the establishment of the kingdom of God in the midst
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Holy Spirit
HOLY SPIRIT. The manifestation of divine presence and power perceptible especially in prophetic inspiration. The concept was only incidental in late biblical thought, but developed in early Judaism and Christianity to a fundamental dogma. Theological conceptions or teachings concerning the spirit are
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit. Third person of the Trinity. The word “spirit” (Hebrew ruah, Greek pneuma) is the word used from ancient times to describe and explain the experience of divine power working in, upon, and around men, and understood by them as the power of God.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit, the mysterious power or presence of God that operates within individuals and communities, inspiring or empowering them with qualities they would not otherwise possess. The term “spirit” translates Hebrew ruakh and Greek pneuma, words denoting “wind,” “breath,” and, by extension, a life-giving
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Holy Spirit
HOLY SPIRIT. In the NT the Holy Spirit clearly reveals Himself as a person and is Deity. He has the attributes of personality: intellect (Rom 8:27; 1 Cor 2:10–13), emotions (Eph 4:30), and will (1 Cor 12:11). He performs the actions of personality: teaches (Jn 14:26), testifies (Jn 15:26), directs (Acts
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Spirit, Holy Spirit
SPIRIT, HOLY SPIRIT. OT, Heb. rûaḥ 378 times (plus 11 Aramaic in Dn.); NT, Gk. pneuma 379 times.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Holy Spirit
Holy SpiritThe tremendous repelling yet fascinating and attracting dimension of the divine. One of the most elusive themes in the Bible and theology, the actual designation Holy Spirit (Heb. rûaḥ qāḏôš; Gk. pneúma hágion) is found only in a few late pre-Christian OT texts (Isa. 63:10–11; Ps.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit (Heb. rûaḥ qāḏôš; Gk. pneúma hágion).† The third person of the trinity.
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Holy Spirit
HOLY SPIRIT רוח הקדשׁπνεῦμα ἅ γιονI. The expression ‘holy spirit’ occurs only three times in the OT (Ps 51:13; Isa 63:10, 11) but is part of a large semantic field in which rûaḥ, referring to some form of divine action, is the central component (about 250 times in the OT). In the NT the expression
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Holy Spirit
Holy spiritIn the Gospels the term Holy Spirit (along with “the Spirit,” “Spirit of God,” “Paraclete,” etc.) is a referring expression for the power and presence of God* in action, especially as the means of God’s self-revelation.1. The Holy Spirit in Intertestamental Judaism2. The Holy Spirit
Key passages
Ge 1:2

Now the earth was formless and empty, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the surface of the waters.

Joe 2:28–29

And it will happen afterward thus: I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh, and your sons and your daughters will prophesy, and your elders will dream dreams; your young men shall see visions. And also on the male slaves and on the female slaves, I will pour out …

Lk 4:18

“The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because of which he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to send out in freedom those who are oppressed,

Jn 14:16–17

And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate, in order that he may be with you forever—the Spirit of truth, whom the world is not able to receive, because it does not see him or know him. You know him, because he resides with you and will be in you.

Jn 15:26–16:15

“When the Advocate comes, whom I will send to you from the Father—the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father—that one will testify about me. And you also will testify, because you have been with me from the beginning. “I have said these things to you …

Ac 2:1–4

And when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in the same place. And suddenly a sound like a violent rushing wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. And divided tongues like fire appeared to them and …

See also
Ge 1:1–2:7; Ge 6:1–8; Ge 41:37–57; Ex 31:1–11; Ex 35:30–36:1; Nu 11:16–30; Nu 23:27–24:14; Nu 27:12–23; Jdg 3:7–11; Jdg 6:28–35; Jdg 11:29–33; Jdg 13:1–15:20; 1 Sa 9:27–10:16; 1 Sa 11:1–15; 1 Sa 16:1–23; 1 Sa 19:1–24; 2 Sa 23:1–7; 1 Ki 18:1–19; 2 Ki 2:1–18; 1 Ch 12:1–22; 2 Ch 15:1–19; 2 Ch 20:1–30; 2 Ch 24:15–22; Ne 9:1–38; Job 27:1–23; Job 32:1–34:20; Ps 51:1–19; Ps 139:1–24; Ps 143:1–12; Is 11:1–16; Is 30:1–7; Is 30:18–26; Is 32:9–15; Is 34:1–17; Is 40:1–31; Is 42:1–9; Is 44:1–5; Is 48:12–22; Is 59:16–21; Is 61:1–11; Is 63:7–14; Eze 2:1–3:27; Eze 8:1–18; Eze 11:1–25; Eze 36:16–37:14; Eze 39:21–29; Eze 43:1–12; Da 4:1–18; Da 5:1–29; Joe 2:28–32; Mic 3:1–12; Hag 2:1–9; Zec 4:1–14; Zec 6:1–8; Zec 7:8–14; Zec 12:10–14; Mal 2:10–17; Mt 1:18–25; Mt 3:7–4:4; Mt 10:16–25; Mt 12:14–37; Mt 22:41–46; Mk 1:1–13; Mk 3:22–30; Mk 12:35–37; Mk 13:5–23; Lk 1:11–17; Lk 1:34–56; Lk 1:67–80; Lk 2:25–35; Lk 3:1–22; Lk 4:1–30; Lk 10:17–24; Lk 11:11–13; Lk 11:15–28; Lk 12:1–12; Lk 24:49–53; Jn 1:29–34; Jn 3:1–4:26; Jn 6:60–66; Jn 7:37–39; Jn 14:8–31; Jn 15:26–16:15; Jn 20:19–25; Ac 1:1–8; Ac 1:15–2:4; Ac 2:14–39; Ac 4:5–12; Ac 4:23–31; Ac 5:1–11; Ac 5:22–32; Ac 6:1–15; Ac 7:51–60; Ac 8:14–40; Ac 9:10–19; Ac 9:31; Ac 10:17–23; Ac 10:34–11:30; Ac 12:25–13:12; Ac 13:42–52; Ac 15:6–29; Ac 16:6–10; Ac 19:1–10; Ac 19:21–41; Ac 20:17–21:14; Ac 28:17–31; Ro 1:1–7; Ro 2:25–29; Ro 5:1–5; Ro 7:1–6; Ro 8:1–30; Ro 9:1–5; Ro 14:14–23; Ro 15:7–33; 1 Co 2:1–16; 1 Co 3:5–17; 1 Co 6:1–20; 1 Co 7:25–40; 1 Co 12:1–31; 2 Co 1:15–2:2; 2 Co 3:1–18; 2 Co 5:1–8; 2 Co 6:1–10; 2 Co 13:11–14; Ga 3:1–14; Ga 3:26–4:7; Ga 5:1–6; Ga 5:16–26; Ga 6:6–10; Eph 1:3–23; Eph 2:14–3:7; Eph 3:14–4:6; Eph 4:25–32; Eph 5:15–21; Eph 6:10–20; Php 1:19–26; Php 2:1–4; Php 3:1–11; Col 1:3–8; 1 Th 1:2–10; 1 Th 4:1–8; 1 Th 5:12–22; 2 Th 2:13–17; 1 Ti 3:14–4:5; 2 Ti 1:3–7; 2 Ti 1:13–18; Tt 3:1–8; Heb 3:7–15; Heb 6:1–8; Heb 9:6–15; Heb 10:11–18; Heb 10:26–39; Jas 4:1–6; 1 Pe 1:1–12; 1 Pe 4:12–19; 2 Pe 1:16–21; 1 Jn 2:18–27; 1 Jn 3:24–4:6; 1 Jn 4:12–16; 1 Jn 5:6–13; Jud 16–23; Re 1:4–5:7; Re 7:1–8; Re 9:1–12; Re 14:1–13; Re 17:1–6; Re 22:12–17;