Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Special days of worship, reserved for either celebration or fasting, that accompanied Israelite festivals.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Convocation, Holy. Solemn assemblies celebrated in Israel at appointed feasts in order that the people and the temple might be sanctified; the days were specially devoted to rest and sacrifice to God. Holy convocations were times set aside to make the nation holy enough to worship the Lord (Lv 19:2).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
CONVOCATION, HOLY [מִקְרָא־קֹדֶשׁ miqraʾ-qodhesh; κλητός ἅγιος klētos hagios]. Literally, this phrase might be rendered “holy proclamation.” Usage shows that its purpose was to announce the arrival of a festival day. Hence, the term is idiomatic for the day itself: the “holy convocation” or “sacred