Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Holm Tree[Heb tirzâ; Vulg ilex] (Isa. 44:14); AV CYPRESS; NEB ILEX. Omitted by the LXX, this term has been much disputed. The Douay, RV, and RSV have “holm tree”; but the true holm or holly (Ilex aquifolium L.) does not grow in the locality specified in Isaiah. It is perhaps the massive oriental plane
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
oak. Among the more than three hundred species of oak worldwide are the Palestinian and Tabor oak trees, which grow throughout the Near East. The evergreen Palestinian oak has small leathery leaves edged with tiny thorns, and in biblical times it thrived in the hill country at elevations of 1,000 feet.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Holm TreeIn biblical usage probably the holm oak (Quercus ilex L.), a small evergreen resembling the holly (Heb. tirzâ; Isa. 44:14; cf. Sus. 58; Gk. prɩ́nos). The true holm tree (Ilex aquifolium L.) is a holly and is not found in this setting. Other possible identifications include the cypress (Cupressus
OakMany species of oak (genus Quercus) inhabit Israel. Several of these have been identified with the biblical oak (Heb. ʾallôn, ʾēlôn), but no scholarly consensus exists. For instance, the Tabor oak (Quercus ithaburensis Decne.) is a grand deciduous tree that may reach 23 m. (75 ft.) in height and
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Oak (Heb. alēlâ, ˒allâ, ˒allôn). A tree (genus Quercus or Lithocarpus) of the beech family. More than three hundred species have been attested, including both evergreen and deciduous varieties. The oak is the most common leaf-bearing tree of Palestine and the surrounding region; the two most prevalent
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
OAK אלוןI. According to Albright (1968:165) both the oak, Quercus coccifera, Quercus aegilops, אלון, ʾēlôn or ʾallôn, and the →terebinth, *אלה, were deified in the Mediterranean area.The common view is that אלון, like אלה and אל, is connected with the root *אול II, ‘to be first’ or ‘to be strong’.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
OAK A common tree in Palestine, with a variety of species. The oak—like other large trees, such as the terebinth—was a symbol of powerful fertility to the pagan Canaanites. Oaks can grow very large and live for centuries, making them ideal landmarks. There were, consequently, several famous oaks mentioned
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Oak (Heb. strong). There is much difficulty in determining the exact meanings of the several varieties of the term mentioned above. Sometimes, evidently, the terebinth or elm is intended, and at others the oak. There are a number of varieties of oak in Palestine. (Dr. Robinson contends that the oak is
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Oakoak, an acorn-bearing tree noted for its great size. The oak has been revered and has both historical and mythological associations as a symbol of strength. Among the more than three hundred species worldwide are the Palestinian and Tabor oak trees, as they are popularly known in biblical lands.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
HOLM-TREE<hom’-tre>:1. [תִּרְזָה, tirzah] (Isa 44:14, the King James Version “cypress”): The name, from the root meaning (compare Arabic taraza) “to be hard,” implies some very hard wood. Vulgate (Jerome’s Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) has ilex, which is Latin for holm oak, so named from its holly-like
OAK<ok>: Several Hebrew words are so translated, but there has always been great doubt as to which words should be translated “oak” and which “terebinth.” This uncertainty appears in the Septuagint and all through English Versions of the Bible; in recent revisions “terebinth” has been increasingly
oakThe majestic monarchs of the forest may take 100 years to reach maturity and then may live for another 900 years. Their wood provides one of the strongest and most durable of timbers.Oaks range in size from shrubs to giants 150 feet (45 meters) high. The trees develop thick trunks and large, wide-spreading
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