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Hoe
Occupational Objects
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Mattock
Mattock. Agricultural tool used for grubbing or breaking up the soil (1 Sm 13:20, 21).See Agriculture; Tools.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hoe
Hoe[Heb maʿdēr] (Isa. 7:25); AV MATTOCK; [ʿāḏar] (Isa. 5:6; 7:25); AV DIG; NEB also WORK. An implement used to loosen the earth and to weed. See Mattock.
Mattock
Mattock [Heb. ʾēṯ] (1 S. 13:20f); AV COULTER. An agricultural tool with a pick or narrow blade at one end and a broader blade at the other, used for grubbing or digging. The metal blade quickly became worn from constant use in the vineyards on the rocky hillside terraces of Palestine. The RSV renders
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Mattock
MATTOCK* Agricultural tool used for grubbing or breaking up the soil (1 Sm 13:20–21, nlt “pick”). See Agriculture.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Mattock
mattock, an agricultural tool with a double-bladed metal head, often made with one blade attached at a hoelike angle and the other in an axlike position. Farmers used the mattock to loosen soil and dig weeds in fields and terraced vineyards (cf. Isa. 5:6; 7:5). The nrsv uses mattock only in 1 Sam. 13:20–21,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Coulter
COULTER. Plowshare, a sharp metal point attached to plow beam (from Heb. “to cut in or dig”). The Philistines sharpened these tools for the Israelites before iron became plentiful in Palestine (1 Sam 13:20–21). See Plow.
Mattock
MATTOCK. The translation of three Heb. words in the KJV.1. In Isa 7:25 Heb. ma˓der means “hoe” and refers to an instrument (something like a pickaxe) which was used in digging and loosening the ground.2. In 1 Sam 13:20–21 Heb. maḥărēshâ refers to a metal agricultural instrument with an edge, and
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Mattock
MATTOCK. Heb. maḥarēšā in 1 Sa. 13:20 (end), 21, and the similar form maḥarešeṯ (earlier in v. 20) represent cutting instruments (root ḥrš, ‘to plough, engrave’), i.e. probably mattocks and hoes. Among other terms in these verses, the second one, Heb. ’ēṯ, is a metal head: of an axe in 2 Ki.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hoe
Hoe (Heb. ma˓dēr, ˓āḏar). A tool consisting of an iron blade set at the end of a slightly bent shaft, used to prepare the ground for planting (Isa. 5:6; KJV “dig”; 7:25; KJV “mattock”). See Mattock.
Mattock
Mattock (Heb. ˒ēṯ). A tool consisting of a long wooden handle with a metal blade at the end used for breaking up soil (1 Sam. 13:20–21; the KJV here renders maḥarēšeṯ as “mattock”; RSV “plowshare”). KJV “with their mattocks round about” at 2 Chr. 34:6 is one rendering of a difficult text;
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Mattock
Mattock. Isa. 7:25. The tool used in Arabia for loosening the ground, described by Niebuhr, answers generally to our mattock or grubbing-axe, i.e., a single-headed pickaxe. The ancient Egyptian hoe was of wood, and answered for hoe, spade, and pick.Mattock or Egyptian Hoe. (After Wilkinson.)
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Coulter
COULTER (Heb. ˒ēt, 1 Sam 13:20–21, KJV). The term coulter is replaced in the NASB and NIV by mattock, but the Heb. word behind it is elsewhere rendered “plowshare” in the KJV, NIV and NASB (Isa. 2:4; Mic. 4:3; Joel 3:10), as it is in the majority of the ancient versions. See Mattock; Plowshare.
Mattock
MATTOCK. An agricultural implement like a pickax, with a wide point for grubbing up and digging out roots and stones (1 Sam. 13:20–21). Until the time of Saul, the Philistines had a monopoly on the smelting of iron, and Israelites had to take their tools to them for sharpening.Although the mattock appears
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Coulter
Coulter(1 Sam. 13:20, 21), an agricultural instrument, elsewhere called “ploughshare” (Isa. 2:4; Micah 4:3; Joel 3:10). It was the facing-piece of a plough, analogous to the modern coulter.
Mattock
Mattock(1.) Heb. maeder, an instrument for dressing or pruning a vineyard (Isa. 7:25); a weeding-hoe.(2.) Heb. mahareshah (1 Sam. 13:1), perhaps the ploughshare or coulter.(3.) Heb. herebh, marg. of text (2 Chr. 34:6). Authorized Version, “with their mattocks,” marg. “mauls.” The Revised Version renders
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Mattock
Mattockmattock, an agricultural tool with a double-bladed metal head, often made with one blade attached at a hoelike angle and the other in an axelike position. Farmers used the mattock to loosen soil and dig weeds in fields and terraced vineyards (cf. Isa. 5:6; 7:25).While the kjv uses ‘mattock’
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Hoe
HOE — a tool with a thin, flat blade on a long handle used for cultivating, weeding, or loosening the earth around plants (Is. 7:25; mattock, KJV). (Also see Tools of the Bible).
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