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Hobab
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A relative of Zipporah, MosesMidianite wife (Num 10:29; Judg 4:11).Hobab is mentioned twice by name in Scripture. He was either the father-in-law or the brother-in-law of Moses. Numbers 10:29 states that Hobab was the son of Reuel the Midianite, who is called Moses’ father-in-law. However, in Judges 4:11, the Kenites are described as the descendants of Hobab, the “father-in-law of Moses.” It is not clear how this statement connects with Num 10:29.Judges 1:16 states that the Kenites—the descendants of Moses’ father-in-law—settled with the people of Judah. This supports the account given in Num 10:29, in which Moses invites Hobab to accompany the Israelites through the desert. The Kenites were among the Israelites later—this story explains how they came to join them.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hobab, Son of Jethro
Hobab, Son of Jethro (חֹבָב‎, chovav). A relative of Zipporah, MosesMidianite wife (Num 10:29; Judg 4:11).Hobab is mentioned twice by name in Scripture. He was either the father-in-law or the brother-in-law of Moses. Numbers 10:29 states that Hobab was the son of Reuel the Midianite, who is called
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Hobab (Person)
HOBAB (PERSON) [Heb ḥōbāb (חֹבָב)]. A Midianite/Kenite whom Moses asked to guide the Israelites through the wilderness from Mount Sinai to the promised land (Num 10:29–32). Hobab was either Moses’ father-in-law or his brother-in-law. In Judg 4:11, Hobab the Kenite is identified as Moses’ father-in-law;
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Hobab
Hobab. Name associated with Moses’ father-in-law (Nm 10:29; Jgs 4:11), who was a priest of Midian (Ex 18:1) and ancestor of the Kenites (Jgs 4:11). He is usually called Jethro (Ex 3:1; 4:18; 18:1–12), but also Reuel (2:18) with its variant Raguel (Nm 10:29 kjv; rsv Reuel).The confusion surrounding the
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hobab
Hobab ẖōʹbab [Heb. ḥōḇāḇ—‘beloved’;LXX Obab]. This name occurs only twice (Nu. 10:29; Jgs. 4:11). It is not certain whether it denotes the father-in-law (RSV) or the brother-in-law (cf. Jgs. 4:11, NEB) of Moses. The direct statement of Nu. 10:29 is that Hobab was “the son of Reuel” (AV “Raguel”).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Hobab
HOBAB Name associated with Moses’ father-in-law (Nm 10:29; Jgs 4:11, nlt mg), who was a priest of Midian (Ex 18:1) and ancestor of the Kenites (Jgs 4:11). He is usually called Jethro (Ex 3:1; 4:18; 18:1–12), but also Reuel (Ex 2:18).The confusion surrounding the name Hobab has never been satisfactorily
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hobab
Hobab (hoh´bab), one of three names for Moses’s father-in-law (Judg. 4:11). With Jethro (Exod. 3:1; 18:1) and Reuel (2:18), the name belongs to a complex tradition about Moses’s family. Num. 10:29 defines Hobab as the son of Reuel, the founding father of the Kenites. See also Jethro.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hobab
HOBAB. The son of Raguel or Reuel the Midianite (Num 10:29), and thus the brother of Zipporah and brother-in-law of Moses (Ex 2:18, 21; 3:1). The Heb. word ḥōtēn, translated “father-in-law” (Num 10:29; Jdg 1:16; 4:11; et al.), comes from the verb ḥātan “to marry,” and simply means a relative by
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Hobab
HOBAB (Heb. ḥōḇāḇ, ‘beloved’). Nu. 10:29 speaks of ‘Hobab, the son of Raguel the Midianite, Moses’ father in law’—ambiguous wording which leaves unclear whether Moses’ father-in-law was Hobab or Raguel (Reuel). Jdg. 4:11 (cf. Jdg. 1:16) says Hobab; Ex. 2:18 says Reuel; but evidence is too slight
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hobab
Hobab (Heb. ḥōḇāḇ)The father-in-law of Moses (Judg. 4:11), asked to lead the Israelites through the wilderness (Num. 10:29–32). Elsewhere Moses’ father-in-law is called Jethro (Exod. 3:1; 4:18; 18:1) and Reuel (2:18). While Jethro and Reuel are consistently identified as Midianites, Hobab is called
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hobab
Hobab [hōˊbăb] (Heb. ḥōḇāḇ “beloved”).† The son of Reuel (Num. 10:29; KJV “Raguel”). He was either the father-in-law (so RSV, JB; Heb. ḥōṯēn), brother-in-law (NIV; cf. KJV), or son-in-law (R. G. Boling, Judges. AB [ 1975], p. 57; so LXX from Heb. ḥāṯān) of Moses.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Hobab
Ho´bab (beloved). This name is found in two places only—Num. 10:29; Judges 4:11. Hobab was brother-in-law to Moses. (b.c. 1530.)
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Hobab
HO´BAB (hōʹbab; “beloved”). The son of Reuel the Midianite (Num. 10:29; Judg. 4:11), 1440 b.c. He has usually been identified with Jethro (Ex. 18:5, 27; cf. Num. 10:29); but it is rather his father, Reuel, to whom the title “Moses’ father-in-law” is intended to apply in 10:29. That Jethro and Reuel
See also
Relatives
Jethro Father
Zipporah Sister
Gershom Nephew