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Hiram (king of Tyre)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
King who ruled in the 10th century bc (969–936), established Tyre as the most important port city in the Mediterranean, and maintained friendly contacts with Israel. Delivered timber and sent skilled workers to build the temple in Jerusalem and the royal palaces of David and Solomon. Made a commercial alliance with Solomon to start a joint trading venture to Ophir.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hiram, King of Tyre
Hiram, King of Tyre (הִירָם‎, hiram). King who ruled in the 10th century bc (969–936), established Tyre as the most important port city in the Mediterranean, and maintained friendly contacts with Israel. Delivered timber and sent skilled workers to build the temple in Jerusalem and the royal palaces of
Huram, Son of Bela
Huram, Son of Bela (חוּרָם‎, churam). A descendant of Benjamin who was head of his clan (1 Chr 8:5, 28).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Hiram (Person)
HIRAM (PERSON) [Heb ḥı̂rām (חִירָם)]. Var. HURAM, HURAMABI. The name of two persons in the Hebrew Bible, both associated in some way with Tyre.1. A king of Tyre (ca. 969–936 b.c.e.) who was involved in commercial relations with David and Solomon (2 Sam 5:11; 1 Kgs 5:15—Eng 5:1). There is some confusion
Huram (Person)
HURAM (PERSON) [Heb ḥûrām (חוּרָם‎)]. 1. A son of Bela and grandson of Benjamin (1 Chr 8:5). The lists of Benjamin’s sons (Genesis 46; Numbers 26) exhibit considerable variations which are difficult to explain. The two lists of Bela’s sons (1 Chr 7:7; 8:3–5) also differ quite considerably. The Syriac
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Hiram
Hiram. 1. King of Tyre during the time of David and Solomon. After David had conquered Jerusalem and moved his capital there, Hiram sent cedar wood, masons, and carpenters to build David’s palace (2 Sm 5:11; 1 Chr 14:1). Hiram remained David’s friend throughout his life (1 Kgs 5:10), and after David’s
Huram
Huram. 1. Bela’s son from Benjamin’s tribe (1 Chr 8:5); perhaps the same person as Hupham (Nm 26:39).2. Alternate spelling of Hiram, the Phoenician king of Tyre who was an ally of David and Solomon, and who supplied materials for the building of the temple (2 Chr 2:3, 11, 12; 8:2, 18; 9:10, 21).See
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hiram
Hiram hīʹrem; HURAM hu’rem (2 Chronicles) [Heb. ḥîrām, ḥûrām, ḥîrôm, probably an abbrev. of ʾaḥîrām—(my) brother is exalted’; Gk. Chiram, Cheiram].
Huram
Huram hūrʹəm, hoo̅rəm; HIRAM hīʹrəm [Heb. ḥûrām, ḥîrām; Gk. Chiram, Hōim, Hiwim, Houram].
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Hiram
HIRAM1. King of Tyre during the time of David and Solomon. After David had conquered Jerusalem and moved his capital there, Hiram sent cedarwood, masons, and carpenters to build David’s palace (2 Sm 5:11; 1 Chr 14:1). Hiram remained David’s friend throughout his life (1 Kgs 5:1), and after David’s death,
Huram
HURAM1. Bela’s son from Benjamin’s tribe (1 Chr 8:5); perhaps the same person as Hupham (Nm 26:39).2. Alternate spelling of Hiram, the Phoenician king of Tyre who was an ally of David and Solomon and who supplied materials for the building of the temple (2 Chr 2:3, 11–12; 8:2, 18; 9:10, 21). See Hiram
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hiram
Hiram (hi´ruhm; a short form of Ahiram, Heb., “my brother is exalted” or “brother of the exalted one”; rendered as Huram in 1 and 2 Chronicles).1 Hiram I, the king of Tyre, and a contemporary of David and Solomon. The son of Abibaal, Hiram I was nineteen years old when he ascended the throne, and he
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hiram
HIRAM. A name that is commonly rendered Hiram in I Kings and I Chronicles but Huram in (II Chronicles) (q.v.).1. King of Tyre. With the reign of Hiram I the great days of Tyre (q.v.) began. When he took the reins of government, Tyre consisted of two small islands about a half mile off the Phoenician
Huram
HURAM. Variant of the name Hiram (q.v.). Huram is used by the Chronicler in every instance except 1 Chr 14:1.1. Son of Bela and grandson of Benjamin (1 Chr 8:5).2. The Tyrian craftsman employed by Solomon (2 Chr 4:11), called Hiram in (1 Kgs 7:13).3. The King of Tyre during the reign of Solomon (2
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Hiram
HIRAM. The king of *Tyre, contemporary with David and Solomon; he reigned 979/8–945/4 bc (according to Albright, 969–936 bc).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hiram
Hiram (Heb. ḥɩ̂rām)1. Hiram I, king of Tyre (969–935 b.c.e.), who lived on friendly terms with both David and Solomon. The Biblical Hebrew form of the name is a shortened version of the Phoenician Ahiram, which has been discovered on an inscribed sarcophagus at Byblos as the name of a king there.
Huram
Huram (Heb. ḥûrām) (also HIRAM, HURAM-ABI)1. A Tyrian metal worker employed by Solomon for technical assistance in the ornamentation of the temple (1 Kgs. 7:13–14, 40, 45 = 2 Chr. 2:13–14; 4:11–16). His father was Tyrian and his mother an Israelite from Naphtali (1 Kgs. 7:14; 2 Chr. 2:14 identifies
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hiram
Hiram [hīˊrəm] (Heb. ḥîrām, ḥîrôm; abbreviation of ˒aḥîrām “[my] brother is exalted”). †
Huram
Huram [hŏorˊəm] (Heb. ḥûrām, from ˒aḥîrām “brother of the exalted”).†
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Hiram
HIRAM The king of Tyre from around 969 to 936 b.c. He was a friend and ally of both David and Solomon (2 Sam 5:11; 1 Kgs 5:15). Hiram provided Solomon and David with timber, raw materials, ships, and labor for their ambitious building programs (1 Kgs 15:15–32; 2 Chr 1:17–2:15), in particular David’s
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Hiram
Hi´ram, or Hu´ram (noble).1. The king of Tyre who sent workmen and materials to Jerusalem, first, 2 Sam. 5:11; 1 Chron. 14:1, to build a palace for David (b.c. 1064), whom he ever loved, 1 Kings 5:1, and again, 1 Kings 5:10; 7:13; 2 Chron. 2, 16, to build the temple for Solomon, with whom he had a treaty
Huram
Hu´ram (noble born).1. A Benjamite; son of Bela, the first-born of the patriarch. 1 Chron. 8:5.2. The form in which the name of the king of Tyre in alliance with David and Solomon—and elsewhere given as Hiram—appears in Chronicles. 1 Chron. 14:1; 2 Chron. 2:3, 11, 12; 8:2, 18; 9:10, 21.3. The same