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High Priest’s Ephod
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ephod
Ephod (אֵפֹד‎, ephod). A garment worn by priests, especially one of the sacred vestments of the high priest.
High Priest
High Priest The chief or head priest at a location of worship. In the Bible, this most commonly refers to the high priest of Yahweh in ancient Israelite worship.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Ephod (Object)
EPHOD (OBJECT) [Heb ʾēpôd (אֵפֹוד)]. An item of priestly apparel. As a noun it appears 49 times in the Hebrew Bible, and it occurs once as a denominative verb (Lev 8:7). In three more instances (Exod 28:8; 39:5; Isa 30:22), a slightly different form of the word is used to accommodate a suffix. Since
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ephod
Ephod. Upper garment worn during religious services associated with the tabernacle or temple. “Ephod” generally referred to the ornamented vest that the high priest wore over a blue robe (Ex 28:31). Included with the ephod were the Urim and Thummim, the sacred lots. Sometimes “ephod” meant the complete
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ephod
Ephod ēʹfod, eʹfod [Heb. ʾēp̱ôḏ, ʾēp̱ōḏ, (Ex. 28:8; 39:5; Isa. 30:22); Akk. epadu, epattum; Ugar. ipd]. The name of a kind of garment, especially of the high priest, and perhaps of other coverings.The references to the high priest’s ephod in Ex. 28:4–40; 35:27; 39:2–30 describe a sleeveless
Priest, High
Priest, High [Heb. hakkōhēn haggāḏōl—‘the great priest’; Gk. archiereús]; CHIEF PRIEST [Heb. hakkōhēn hārōʾš—‘the head priest’; Gk. archiereús]. I. Background II. Dress III. Origin and Importance IV. Responsibilities V. Postexilic Development VI. Greco-Roman Period
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Ephod (Garment)
EPHOD (Garment) Upper garment worn during religious services associated with the tabernacle or temple. “Ephod” generally referred to the ornamented vest that the high priest wore over a blue robe (Ex 28:31). Included with the ephod were the Urim and Thummim, the sacred lots. Sometimes “ephod” meant the
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Ephod
ephod (ee´fod), an article of clothing most often associated with priestly garments, but also mentioned in other contexts. The ephod is one of the elaborate garments described for Aaron and his descendants to wear in the tabernacle (Exod. 28; 39). It appears to be an ornate, sleeveless garment, made
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Ephod
EphodEPHOD1. Father of Hanniel, a Manassite leader who helped direct the distribution of W Jordanian Canaan among the occupying tribes (Num 34:23).2. A sleeveless shoulder vestment worn by the high priest over other garments (Ex 28:28–29; 35:27; 39:2–21; Lev 8:7). See Dress. In color it was gold,
Priest, High
PRIEST, HIGH. In Israel, as in many other states with historical priestly religions, a hierarchical system of graduated powers and responsibilities existed with a chief or high priest at the head of the organization. For over a millennium before Moses, each of the larger temples and religious centers
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ephod
Ephod (Heb. ʾēp̱ōḏ)An ornate, sleeveless outer garment worn by the Israelite high priest. Exod. 28:6–10 describes the ephod as a garment made of fine, twisted linen decorated with gold, blue, purple, and scarlet material. Two shoulder pieces and a woven belt made of the same materials complete the
High Priest
High PriestThe primary official of the Israelite cultus. According to the Torah, the office of high priest goes back to the Sinaitic revelation. From Aaron, an uninterrupted hereditary chain of high priests links the portable tabernacle of the wilderness to the Second Temple in Jerusalem (Num. 25:10–13).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Ephod (Object)
EPHOD [ēˊfŏd] (Heb. ˒ēpōḏ, ˒ēpôḏ, from ˒pd “put [or pull] on”) (OBJECT).† An article of clothing worn primarily by the Israelite high priest; elsewhere it appears to be an image or some such solid object as well as an object used in divination.According to Exod. 28:5ff. (cf. 39:2ff.) the
High Priest
High Priest (Heb. hākkōhēn hāggādōl “the great priest,” hākkōhēn hāmmāšiaḥ “the anointed priest”).† The Old Testament mediator between Yahweh and the people of Israel who, in addition to performing sacrifices and rituals like other priests, acted to expiate the sins of the nation on
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Ephod
EPHOD A special garment worn only by the high priest, although the exact nature of the ephod remains uncertain. The ephod worn by Aaron is described in detail in Exod 28:6–9 and 39:2–4; it was similar in shape to the chasuble and made of gold, violet, purple, and scarlet, with two onyxes on the shoulders
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Priests, Jewish
PRIESTS AND PRIESTHOOD, JEWISHThis entry deals with the traditional view of the priesthood as it emerges from ancient biblical commentaries and age-old tradition. These sources illuminate our understanding of the NT.1. Descent and Duties of the Priests2. The High Priest3. New Testament and Talmudic
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Priest, High Priest
Priest, High PriestIn the later NT writings the word priest (hiereus) occurs three times in Acts, fourteen times in Hebrews and three times in Revelation. In Acts it is used in a straightforward way during Luke’s historical account, twice to refer to the Jerusalem priests (Acts 4:1; 6:7) and once to
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