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Herod’s Temple
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Reviews the history of Herod the Great’s temple in Jerusalem as well as his extensive renovations of the temple complex beginning around 20 bc, during the 18th year of his reign. The core temple likely was finished within several years, but construction on the entire complex continued for decades and would have been ongoing during the events narrated in the Gospels and Acts. Although Herod’s project was the largest building site in the ancient world, its grandeur was short lived. After being completed in the early ad 60s, the temple complex was destroyed by the Romans in ad 70.While several portions of a massive retaining wall built by Herod can still be seen today, the most famous is the Western Wall, also known as the Wailing Wall (toward the southern end of the western retaining wall). In some places, the wall is nearly 70 feet tall. For Jews, this is the most sacred site in contemporary Jerusalem. Many Jews visit the Western Wall to pray and to slip written prayers into the crevices between the blocks. The sacred nature of this site makes it a point of contention between Israelis and Palestinians, especially since the Dome of the Rock, the third holiest site in Islam, is partially located on the footprint of the ancient Israelite temple. Herod’s retaining wall and the Temple Mount that it supports are perhaps the most contested pieces of religious real estate in the world.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Temple, Herod’s
Temple, Herod’s Reviews the history of Herod the Great’s temple in Jerusalem as well as his extensive renovations of the temple complex beginning around 20 bc, during the 18th year of his reign. The core temple likely was finished within several years, but construction on the entire complex continued
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Temples and Sanctuaries
TEMPLES AND SANCTUARIES. This entry consists of four articles that survey temples and sanctuaries in the ancient world of the Bible. The first focuses on temples in ancient Egypt, and the second focuses on temples in ancient Mesopotamia. The third focuses on temples in Syria and Palestine during the
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Temple
Temple [Heb. hêḵāl—‘palace,’ ‘temple’; bayiṯ—‘house’; Gk. hierón—‘holy place’; naós—‘temple’]. The divine “house,” where the deity is perceived as in some sense mysteriously present, and where his cultic worship is carried on.In the OT, RSV “temple” most frequently renders Heb. hêḵāl (or its
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Temple
TEMPLEPreviewBackgroundSolomon’s TempleZerubbabel’s TempleHerod’s TempleSignificance of the Temple in the Old TestamentSignificance of the Temple in the New TestamentBackground David’s capture of Jerusalem (2 Sm 5:6–9) and his designation of it as the nation’s capital is one of the great
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Temples
temples, religious structures, which were probably the most important and most visible institutions in the biblical world. Their prominence as architectural structures on the ancient landscape is a reflection of their integral role in the political and economic structure of ancient society. We think
The Temple
The Templethe jerusalem temple was the center of Israelite national life in the biblical period, beginning with the monarchy (tenth century bce) and continuing until its final destruction by the Roman legions in 70 ce. Despite the fact that the temple’s existence for over a millennium was nearly continuous,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Temple
TEMPLE. The principal Heb. word for “temple” is hêkāl, “palace, large building” (cf. 1 Kgs 21:1; Ps 45:8, 15; Isa 39:7). It is a loan-word from Akkadian ekallu, in turn borrowed from Sumerian E-GAL, “great house.” In addition to its references to the temple in Jerusalem the word is used of the sanctuary
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Temple
TempleA sacred, demarcated place. The English term derives from Lat. templum, a place set aside for the purpose of augury (Varro De ling. lat.; cf. “contemplate”). A Greek cognate, témenos, was a precinct, a piece of land marked off from common uses and dedicated to a god; the term now means the platform
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Temple
Temple (Heb. hêḵāl, bayiṯ; Gk. hierón, naós).† A building, generally thought of as the dwelling-place of a deity, in which the corporate worship of that deity is centered. The basic plan of many ancient Palestinian and Syrian temples consisted of two rooms adjoined end to end, with a single
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Temples
TEMPLESpre-canaanite and canaanite period The first temples, shrines consecrated to the service of a god, probably date from as early as man’s first settlements. The earliest known temple in Palestine is that at Jericho (stratum IX), which is of the Neolithic period. It was an oblong structure, with
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Temple
TempleThe Jerusalem Temple was a significant element in the religious, social and political setting of Jesus’ life and ministry. It comes to the forefront most prominently in Jesus’ cleansing of the Temple (see Temple Cleansing) and his words about its coming destruction (see Destruction of Jerusalem),
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