Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Greek god who was said to be the son of Zeus. The Romans called him Mercury. In the New Testament, Hermes is mentioned once in Acts 14:12 when the residents of Lystra identify Paul as Hermes and Barnabas as Zeus.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
HERMES (DEITY). The Hellenic deity identified by the Romans with Mercury, he was born on Mt. Cyllene in Arcadia, the son of Zeus and the Titan nymph Maia. Such was the lineage myth conferred on the anthropomorphic Hermes.His actual origins were far more humble, for he began his divine career as the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Hermes. 1. Greek god and the son of Zeus by Maia. He was identified with Mercury in the Roman pantheon of deities. In Greek mythology, Hermes was the messenger of the gods and the escort of the dead to Hades. He was the god of fertility, the patron of music, the guardian of travelers, and the god of
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hermes hûrʹmēz [Gk. Hermēs].Statue of Hermes found at Nineveh (State Antiquities Organization, Republic of Iraq)1. A Greek god, son of Zeus and Maia, called “Mercury” by the Romans. In Greek mythology he functioned primarily as the attendant, herald, and interpreter of the gods. He was the god
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
HERMES1. Greek god and the son of Zeus by Maia. He was identified with Mercury in the Roman pantheon of deities. In Greek mythology, Hermes was the messenger of the gods and the escort of the dead to hades. He was the god of fertility, the patron of music, the guardian of travelers, and the god of eloquent
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
HERMES1. A Christian at Rome greeted by Paul (Rom 16:14). He is not to be confused with Hermas.2. The Gr. god of eloquence who was the spokesman for the gods. At Lystra, Barnabas was called Zeus and Paul was called Hermes. The KJV translates the name as Mercurius, but the RSV retains Hermes (Acts 14:12).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
HERMES. Originally the spirit inhabiting the herma or cairn, set up as a guide-mark or boundary. Hence the doorside herms, roughly carved phallic stones of Athens, and the god’s function as guide of living and dead, as patron of road-users (including footpads), and as Zeus’ attendant and spokesman (Acts
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hermes (Gk. Hermḗs) (DEITY)A Hellenic deity, the son of Zeus and Maia. Hermes’ origin seems to have arisen from the hérma, or “stone heap,” which identified boundaries, graves, and entrances. Herms (bearded phalluses atop stone pillars) were later placed as markers at such places, and Athenians and
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
HERMES [hûrˊmēz] (Gk. Hermēs) (DEITY). A Greek deity, son of Zeus; messenger and attendant of the gods, patron of orators, and god of merchants and thieves. He was the protector of sheep and cattle and functioned as a fertility god.Drawing upon a myth known in Asia Minor in which Zeus and Hermes
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
HERMES ἙρμῆςI. Hermes was one of the most popular and frequently represented, if most complex, of the Greek Olympian deities. Identified by the Romans with Mercury, he was associated from the archaic through the Hellenistic periods with cunning and theft, music and eloquence, travel and commerce,