The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hercules A popular hero in Greek mythology. The son of Zeus who accomplished difficult tasks with his great strength.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Hercules (Deity)
HERCULES (DEITY) [Gk Hēraklēs (Ἡρακλης)]. The Greek figure who is honored in quadrennial games at Tyre to which Jason in 2 Macc 4:19–20 sends a delegation with three hundred drachmas of silver to offer sacrifices in the opening ceremonies. While the Greek term pentaetērikou literally would mean quinquennial,
Herakles (Deity)
HERAKLES (DEITY). The most popular and the most complex of the ancient Greek heroes, Herakles (a theophorous name meaning “glory of Hera”) was reportedly the son of Zeus and the mortal woman Alcmene. Herakles was prominent in four areas of Greek and Roman culture: folklore, cult, art, and literature.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hercules hûrʹkū-lēz [Gk. Herakles] (2 Macc. 4:19). The Greek god honored by games every five years in Tyre. The Greek name was used for the ancient Tyrian deity Melqart (cf. Josephus Ant. viii.5.3 [146]).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
HERCULES A Greek god, the son of Zeus, renowned for strength. Second Maccabees 4 records the Hellenizing fervor of Antiochus Epiphanes (175–164 bc), who succeeded Seleucus IV Philopator, as he “founded a gymnasium right under the citadel” (2 Macc 4:12). At the quadrennial games in Tyre when the king
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
HERACLES ἩρακλῆςI. Heracles was undoubtedly the most popular mythical hero of ancient Greek mythology; he was also one of the most complex. Etymologically the name derives from Ἥρα (Hera) and κλέος (fame). Though he is explicitly mentioned only in 2 Macc 2:19–20, there is evidence to suggest that
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
HERCULES<hur’-ku-lez> ([Ἡρακλη̂ς, Herakles]): The process of Hellenizing the Jews which began at an earlier date was greatly promoted under Antiochus Epiphanes (175-164 BC). Jason, who supplanted his brother Onias in the office of high priest by promising Antiochus an increase of tribute, aided the
Compton’s Encyclopedia
HerculesThe strongest and most celebrated of the heroes of classical mythology, Hercules, called Heracles by the Greeks, was the son of the god Zeus and the mortal Alcmene. The goddess Hera, who hated the infant Hercules, sent two serpents to destroy him in his cradle, but Hercules strangled them. As
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Her′cules (3 syl.). A Grecian hero, possessed of the utmost amount of physical strength and vigour that the human frame is capable of. He is represented as brawny, muscular, shortnecked, and of huge proportions. The Pythĭan told him if he would serve Eurys′theus for twelve years he should become immortal;
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
BURA′ICUS (Βουραϊκὁς), a surname of Heracles, derived from the Achaean town of Bura, near which he had a statue on the river Buraïcus, and an oracle in a cave. Persons who consulted this oracle first said prayers before the statue, and then took four dice from a heap which was always kept ready, and
CHAROPS (Χάροψ), bright-eyed or joyful-looking, a surname of Heracles, under which he had a statue near mount Laphystion on the spot where he was believed to have brought forth Cerberus from the lower world. (Paus. ix. 34. § 4.) There are also two mythical beings of this name. (Hom. Od. xi. 427; Hom.
HERACLES (Ἡρακλῆς), and in Latin HERCULES, the most celebrated of all the heroes of antiquity. The traditions about him are not only the richest in substance, but also the most widely spread; for we find them not only in all the countries round the Mediterranean, but his wondrous deeds were known in
INDEX, the indicater or denouncer, is a translation of Μηνυτής, a surname of Heracles. Once, the story runs, a golden vessel had been stolen from the temple of Heracles at Athens. Heracles repeatedly appeared to Sophocles in a dream, until the latter informed the Areiopagus of it, and the thief was
MACISTUS (Μάκιστος). 1. A surname of Heracles, who had a temple in the neighbourhood of the town of Macistus in Triphylia. (Strab. viii. p. 348.)2. A son of Athamas and brother of Phrixus, from whom the town of Macistus in Triphylia was believed to have derived its name. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Μάκιστος.)
MONOECUS (Μόνοικος), a surname of Heracles, signifying the god who lives solitary, perhaps because he alone was worshipped in the temples dedicated to him. (Strab. iv. p. 202; Virg. Aen. vi. 831; Plut. Quaest. Rom. 87.) In Liguria there was a temple called Monoecus (now Monaco; Strab. Virg. ll. cc.;
PHARMA′CIDES (Φαρμακίδες), i. e. sorceresses or witches, is the name by which the Thebans designated the divinities who delayed the birth of Heracles. (Paus. ix. 11. § 2.)[L. S.]
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
Hercules huhr’kyuh-leez’. Roman name for Herakles (Hēraklēs), son of Zeus by a mortal woman and the most popular of mythological Greek heroes. The name occurs in one passage in the Apocrypha (2 Macc. 4:18–20) in connection with the attempts of Antiochus IV Epiphanes (176–164 B.C.) to impose Hellenistic
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
Herakles(Heracles, Hercules). Greek hero, son of Zeus and a human mother, Alkmene. At his death the gods accepted him as one of theirs on Olympus. To prove himself worthy of divinization, during his life on earth H. was presented with 12 challenges (called “labors”: δωδεκάεθλος). In iconography the
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
HERCULES, hûrʹkū̇-lēz (Ἡρακλῆς, Hēraklḗs): The process of Hellenizing the Jews which began at an earlier date was greatly promoted under Antiochus Epiphanes (175–164 BC). Jason, who supplanted his brother Onias in the office of high priest by promising Antiochus an increase of tribute, aided the