The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Helios (Ἕλιος, Helios). Literally “sun.” A Greek deity associated with the sun. Also associated with Apollo and the Roman deity Sol.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Helios (Deity)
HELIOS (DEITY). Although the Gk sun-god (Helios) was not one of the great Olympian deities, it rose by way of the history and politics of religion to become, as the focus of a philosophical theology, an imperial god. In this latter form lies its significance for Judaism and Christianity.A. Classical
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
HELIOS ἭλιοςI. The word ἥ λιος, sun, like šemešShemesh, is ambivalent between a true name and a common noun. Only the context can determine which aspect—stellar, religious, cosmic, political—is predominant in a given text. The standard etymology (H. Frisk, Griechisches etymologisches Wörterbuch
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
HE′LIOS (Ἥλιος or Ἠέλιος), that is, the sun, or the god of the sun. He is described as the son of Hyperion and Theia, and as a brother of Selene and Eos. (Hom. Od. xii. 176, 322, Hymn. in Min. 9, 13; Hes. Theog. 371, &c.) From his father, he is frequently called Hyperionides, or Hyperion, the latter
PHAETHON (Φαέθων), that is, “the shining,” occurs in Homer (Il. xi. 735, Od. v. 479) as an epithet or surname of Helios, and is used by later writers as a real proper name for Helios (Apollon. Rhod. iv. 1236; Virg. Aen. v. 105); but it is more commonly known as the name of a son of Helios by the Oceanid
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
Helios(Lat. sol). Sun god; widely attested in the Bronze Age Near East (e.g., Hittite Anatolia, Sumero-Akkadian Mesopotamia, Syria-Palestine), esp. in Egypt, where at Heliopolis, Re played a central role in the pharaonic pantheon (Habachi, 2000, 27–33; → Obelisk). The picture of H. (N. Yalouris, LIMC
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
HELIOS [Ἥλιος Helios]. Greek god of the sun, who is most often artistically portrayed as a charioteer traveling daily from east to west across the sky. A minor deity in the classical period of Greece, Helios became more popular in the Hellenistic era, primarily through associations with other gods