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Hedgehog
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
It is unclear whether this Hebrew term in the Prophets refers to the hedgehog—a spiny, insect-eating mammal—or a species of bird, such as an owl or bittern (Isa 14:23; 34:11, 15; Zeph 2:14). Various English translations differ, and some also translate the term as “porcupine.”
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hedgehog
Hedgehog (קִפֹּד‎, qippod). It is unclear whether this Hebrew term in the Prophets refers to the hedgehog—a spiny, insect-eating mammal—or a species of bird, such as an owl or bittern (Isa 14:23; 34:11, 15; Zeph 2:14). Various English translations differ, and some also translate the term as “porcupine.”
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Hedgehog
Hedgehog. Small, insect-eating mammal with a coat of short spines and similar to the porcupine (Is 14:23; Zep 2:14).See Animals.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hedgehog
Hedgehog[Heb qippōḏ; Gk. echínos; cf. Arab qunfuḏ (Isa. 14:23; Zeph. 2:14)]; AV BITTERN; NEB (RUFFED) BUSTARD. The RSV translates qippôḏ as “porcupine” in Isa. 34:11; here the animal is a member of the family Hystricidae, perhaps the European porcupine, Hystrix cristata. That qippōḏ is probably
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Hedgehog
HEDGEHOG* Small, insect-eating mammal with a coat of short spines and similar to the porcupine (Is 14:23; Zep 2:14). See Animals (Porcupine).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hedgehog
hedgehog, a small mammal, also designated as a “porcupine.” The Hebrew word (qippod) is used for the hedgehogs Erinaceus auritus or Erinaceus sacer. In Isa. 14:23 and 34:11, the desolation of divine judgment is symbolized by the image of a city becoming the possession of such an animal.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hedgehog
Hedgehog (Heb. qippōḏ). A small mammal of the genus Erinaceus, characterized by a protective coat of dense, erect spines; when startled or attacked it rolls itself into a ball. Various species have been found in Palestine, including the Erinaceus sacer in the central mountainous regions and the long-eared
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Hedgehog
Hedgehoghedgehog (kjv: ‘bittern’), a small mammal, also designated as ‘porcupine.’ The Hebrew word (qippōd) is used for the hedgehogs Erinaceus auritus or Erinaceus sacer. In Isa. 14:23 it is a metaphor for the desolation of a place under divine judgment that a city is the ‘possession of’ such an
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
HEDGEHOG
HEDGEHOG<hej’-hog> Septuagint [ἐχι̂νος, echinos], “hedgehog,” for [קִפּד‎, qippodh], in Isa 14:23; 34:11; Zeph 2:14, and for [קִפּוֹז‎, qippoz], in Isa 34:15).See PORCUPINE; BITTERN; OWL; SERPENT.
Compton’s Encyclopedia
hedgehog
hedgehogWestern European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus).Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.When the spiny hedgehog is frightened or attacked, it rolls itself into a ball to protect its vulnerable face and underparts, exposing only its sharp prickly spines. Hedgehogs belong to the family Erinaceidae and
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Hedgehog
HEDGEHOG NASB, NRSV translation of the Hebrew qippod, a term of uncertain meaning (Isa. 14:23; 34:11; Zeph. 2:14). The term either refers to the hedgehog (or porcupine) or else to a type of bird. The decision of the NASB and RSV translators was based on the supposed Hebrew root qaphad (meaning to roll
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
Hedgehog
hedgehog. An insectivorous mammal covered with dense spines. The term is used by the NRSV twice to render Hebrew qippōd H7887 (Isa. 14:23; 34:11 [RSV, “porcupine”]; the NIV takes this term as a reference to the owl). The hedgehog should be distinguished from the porcupine, which is the largest rodent
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Hedgehog
HEDGEHOG, hej′hog (LXX ἐχῖνος, echī́nos, “hedgehog,” for קִפֹּד‎, ḳippōdh, in Isa 14:23; 34:11; Zeph 2:14, and for קִפּוֹז‎, ḳippōz, in Isa 34:15). See Porcupine; Bittern; Owl; Serpent.
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