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Hebrew Version of Matthew
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A tradition dating to the early church that the Gospel of Matthew was originally composed in Hebrew or Aramaic. There is no direct manuscript evidence to support this tradition, but patristic sources mention a Hebrew version of Matthew and/or a gospel text written in Hebrew. In addition, several texts from the 14th–16th centuries claim to present a Hebrew version of Matthew.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Matthew, Gospel of, Hebrew Version of
Matthew, Gospel of, Hebrew Version of A tradition dating to the early church that the Gospel of Matthew was originally composed in Hebrew or Aramaic. There is no direct manuscript evidence to support this tradition, but patristic sources mention a Hebrew version of Matthew and/or a gospel text written
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Matthew, Hebrew Version of
MATTHEW, HEBREW VERSION OF. Texts of Matthew in Hebrew first appeared in print in 1537 when Sebastian Münster published a manuscript of Matthew that he received from the Jews. In 1555 Jean du Tillet published another Hebrew Matthew (not radically different from Münster’s) that also had been preserved
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Matthew, Hebrew Gospel Of
Matthew, Hebrew Gospel ofThe early Church believed that Matthew originally wrote his Gospel in the Hebrew language. The earliest to report this tradition is Papias (ca. 60–130 c.e.; Eusebius HE 3.39.16) A host of later writers confirm the tradition, including Irenaeus, Pantaenus, Origen, Eusebius, Epiphanius,
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Hebrew Matthew
HEBREW MATTHEWThe complete text of a Hebrew Matthew has been preserved in a fourteenth-century Jewish polemical treatise known as the Even Bohan (“Touchstone”) and authored by the Spanish rabbi Shem-Tob ben Isaac ben Shaprut (also referred to as Ibn Shaprut). G. Howard (1987, 225) believes that this
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
MATTHEW, HEBREW VERSION OF
MATTHEW, HEBREW VERSION OF. 1. Papias, the bishop of Hierapolis in the late 1st cent. or early 2nd cent. ce, is the first person to refer to the author of what would become the canonical First Gospel by the name “Matthew.” Eusebius (260–350 ce) reports that Papias knew Matthew had made a collection of
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