Hebrew People • Hebrews
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
HEBREW [Heb ʿibrı̂ (עִבְרִי)]. In English, generally synonymous with “Jew,” but in the Hebrew Bible it mostly designates members of the Israelite nation.The use of this expression is confined to certain parts of the OT, the story of Joseph (Genesis 37–50), the history of Israel in Egypt (Exodus 1–15),
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hebrew (People)
Hebrew (People)[Heb ʿiḇrî; Gk. Hebraios].An ethnic term originally designating the ancestral lineage of the Israelite nation down to the benê Yiśraaʾēl, “sons of Israel,” who were sojourning in Egypt. As a gentilic noun for a proto-Israelite, ʿiḇrî was applied to the patriarch Abraham (Gen.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hebrews (hee´brooz), an alternate designation for the people of Israel, the descendants of Abraham. The Hebrew word translated “Hebrew” is ‘ibri, grammatically an adjective formed from the root ‘eber, a word that is in fact the personal name Eber, an ancestor of several Semitic peoples (Gen. 10:24–25;
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hebrew People
HEBREW PEOPLE. The first person to be referred to as Hebrew (‘ibrɩ̂) in the Scripture was Abraham (Gen 14:13). His descendants derived from him the ethnic designation of “Hebrews.” It would appear that he derived this label from his ancestor Eber (‘ēber), the son of Salah, son of Arphaxad, son of Shem
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
HEBREWS. In the OT ‘iḇrî is confined to the narrative of the sons of Israel in Egypt (Gn. 39–Ex. 10), the legislation concerning the manumission of Heb. servants (Ex. 21; Dt. 15; cf. Je. 34), the record of Israelite-Philistine encounter during the days of Samuel and Saul (1 Sa. 4; 13–14; 29), plus
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hebrew, Hebrews
Hebrew, HebrewsA non-ethnic term (Heb. ʿiḇrɩ̂) that non-Israelites used in referring to Israelites, and that Israelites used in referring to themselves when conversing with non-Israelites.As a patronymic, the term is thought to be derived from the name of Abraham’s ancestor, Eber (Gen. 10:24–25; 11:14–26;
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hebrew (People)
HEBREW (Heb. ˓iḇrî; Gk. Hebraios) (PEOPLE). † A gentilic term referring to the Israelite people and their ancestors. It occurs primarily as an ethnic or political designation (e.g., Gen. 43:32; Exod. 2:11, 13) applied to the Israelites by foreigners (e.g., by Egyptians, Gen. 39:14, 17; Exod.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
HEBREW (Hebrew ʿibrî) The popular understanding of the word “Hebrew” is as a designation of a member of the Israelites, or simply, a Jew. In Scripture, the word ʿibrî has a much more specific meaning; namely it was a term used for the Israelites by foreigners (Gen 39:14, 17; 41:12; Exod 1:16–19; 2:6,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Hebrew (people). The Hebrews, the inhabitants of Palestine, who entered the land with the Patriarchs and *Moses, generally spoke of themselves as the Israelites (בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵלbene Yisrael, ‘the Sons of Israel’, Gen. 32:28, 35:10). The term ‘Hebrew’ was largely used of them by other peoples, often
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
He´brew. This word first occurs as given to Abram by the Canaanites, Gen. 14:13, because he had crossed the Euphrates. The name is also derived from ˒êber, “beyond, on the other side,” Abraham and his posterity being called Hebrews in order to express a distinction between the races east and west of
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
HEBREWS. The first person in the Bible called a Hebrew is Abram (Gen. 14:13). Thereafter his descendants through Isaac and Jacob were known as “Hebrews” (40:15; 43:32; Ex. 2:11). The origin of the name Hebrew offers a difficult problem. The term may be derived from the prominent Semitic progenitor, Eber,
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Hebrewa name applied to the Israelites in Scripture only by one who is a foreigner (Gen. 39:14, 17; 41:12, etc.), or by the Israelites when they speak of themselves to foreigners (40:15; Ex. 1:19), or when spoken of as contrasted with other peoples (Gen. 43:32; Ex. 1:3, 7, 15; Deut. 15:12). In the New
Hebrews(Acts 6:1) were the Hebrew-speaking Jews, as distinguished from those who spoke Greek. (See GREEK.)
See also