The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Heaven Heaven is the term used in the Bible to indicate the space where God and various spiritual beings reside. It is also used to speak of the area above the earth—the sky.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
HEAVEN [Heb šāmayim (שָׁמַיִם); Gk ouranos (οὐρανος)]. In the Bible the word “heaven” is used to describe both a physical part of the universe and the dwelling place of God. In Hebrew the word for heaven is plural; the LXX usually translates the Hebrew word by a singular noun. In the NT both the singular
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Heaven. Realm (or realms) designated by a Hebrew term used to represent the sky and air, and also heaven. The form of the word in Hebrew is dual (implying two of something). Although this dual form may only represent an ancient device for expressing the plural, it is supposed by some to imply the existence
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Heaven[Heb šāmayim—‘heights,’ mārôm—‘height’ (Job 25:2; Isa. 24:18, 21), maʿaleh—‘ascent’ (Isa. 7:11); Aram šemayim (Dnl. 4:11 [MT 8]); Gk. ouranós—‘that which is raised up’]; AV also AIR (cf. Gen. 1:26), SKY, SKIES, ON HIGH, HEAVENS (Zec. 6:5; He. 8:1), HEAVENLY (1 Cor. 15:48), “places,” “the
Body of Heaven
Body of Heaven The AV translates the Hebrew expression ‘eṣem haššāmayim as “the body of heaven” (Ex. 24:10). The RSV gives a more correct rendering, “the very heaven,” taking ‘eṣem in its idiomatic use as an intensive, which is derived from its literal meaning, “bone,” as “strength,” “substance,”
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
HEAVEN Realm (or realms) designated by a Hebrew term used to represent the sky and air and also heaven. The form of the word in Hebrew is dual (implying two of something). Although this dual form may only represent an ancient device for expressing the plural, it is supposed by some to imply the existence
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
heaven, the firmament. In the worldview of the ancient Hebrews, heaven was a massive transparent dome that covered the earth. The blue color of the sky was attributed to the chaotic waters that the firmament separated from the earth (Gen. 1:7). The earth was thus surrounded by waters above and below
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
HEAVEN. The word heaven, or the heavens, is used in the Scriptures in a number of different senses. In the most general of these it includes all that is distinguished from the earth. When employed this way, the words heaven and earth exclude one another; but when taken together, the two embrace all the
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
HEAVEN. Several words are translated ‘heaven’, but the only important ones are the Heb. šāmayim and the Gk. ouranos. The former is plural, and the latter often occurs in the plural. But, just as in Eng., there does not seem to be any great difference between ‘heaven’ and ‘the heavens’. The term is
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
HeavenIn Hebrew cosmology heaven(s) (Heb. šāmayim), Yahweh’s dwelling place, and earth comprise God’s creation. Heaven depicts skies, the upper part of the created world, and denotes the firmament (a vault or roof of the earth). It may be used literally or metaphorically, and denotes fixed or material
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Heaven (Heb. šāmayim; Gk. ouranós).According to the threefold Semitic worldview, heaven was the firmament, a tentlike vault (cf. Isa. 40:22; Ps. 104:2) supported by pillars (Job 26:11) and separating the subterranean waters from those above (Gen. 1:6–8). From this canopy were suspended the
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
HEAVEN שׁמיםοὐρανός (-νοί)I. The Hebrew word שׁמים‎ (šāmayim) is plurale tantum and occurs 420 times in the OT; only a limited number of these occurrences refer to heaven as being divine. It has its cognates in other semitic languages (e. g. Akk šamû or šamāʾū, Ug šmm, Aram šmayyā, Ar samāʾ);
HEAVEN-AND-EARTH שׁמים וארץI. In accordance with Mesopotamian, Anatolian and North Syrian evidence we find the word-pair ‘heaven and earth’ also in the OT scriptures, mainly in deuteronomistic and prophetic texts, where the cosmos is called upon as a witness. Besides these occurrences we find heaven
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Heaven and Hell
Heaven and hellBeyond the common reference to the physical “sky,” the Gospels use heaven to refer both to the abode of God*, as well as to the place of eternal habitation for those who obey God and follow Jesus. The Gospels use the concept of hell to refer to the place of punishment for those who
Key passages
Mt 6:19–21

“Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and consuming insect destroy and where thieves break in and steal, but store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor consuming insect destroy and where thieves do not …

2 Co 12:2–4

I know a man in Christ fourteen years ago—whether in the body I do not know, or outside the body I do not know, God knows—such a man was caught up to the third heaven, and I know this man—whether in the body or apart from the body I do not know, God knows—that he was caught up to paradise and heard …

Php 3:20–21

For our commonwealth exists in heaven, from which also we eagerly await a savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, who will transform our humble body to be conformed to his glorious body, in accordance with the power that enables him even to subject all things to himself.

1 Th 4:16

For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a shout of command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first.

Heb 9:24

For Christ did not enter into a sanctuary made by hands, a mere copy of the true one, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God on our behalf,

Re 21:1

And I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea did not exist any longer.

See also
Ge 1:1–13; Ge 5:1–32; Ge 14:18–24; Ge 24:1–9; Ge 28:10–22; Ge 49:1–28; Ex 20:22–26; Ex 24:9–18; Dt 26:1–15; 1 Sa 2:1–11; 1 Ki 8:22–53; 1 Ki 22:1–28; 2 Ki 2:1–18; 1 Ch 16:7–36; 1 Ch 21:1–30; 2 Ch 2:1–18; 2 Ch 6:12–42; 2 Ch 7:12–22; 2 Ch 30:1–27; Ne 1:1–11; Ne 9:22–38; Job 22:1–30; Ps 2:1–12; Ps 11:1–7; Ps 17:1–15; Ps 20:1–9; Ps 33:1–22; Ps 53:1–6; Ps 89:19–37; Ps 102:1–28; Ps 103:1–22; Ps 113:1–9; Ps 123:1–4; Ps 135:1–21; Ps 148:1–14; Ec 5:1–7; Is 6:1–13; Is 57:14–21; Is 63:15–64:12; Is 65:17–66:4; Is 66:14–24; La 3:22–66; Eze 1:1–28; Da 4:1–27; Da 4:34–37; Da 5:13–29; Da 6:24–28; Da 7:9–14; Da 12:1–13; Am 9:1–10; Jon 1:4–9; Zec 2:6–13; Mt 3:7–17; Mt 5:1–20; Mt 5:33–37; Mt 5:43–6:15; Mt 6:19–34; Mt 7:21–23; Mt 8:5–13; Mt 10:26–33; Mt 11:20–30; Mt 12:46–50; Mt 13:24–30; Mt 13:36–43; Mt 13:47–50; Mt 16:1–4; Mt 16:13–20; Mt 18:6–11; Mt 18:15–20; Mt 19:16–26; Mt 21:23–27; Mt 22:23–33; Mt 23:13–36; Mt 24:27–31; Mt 24:36–44; Mt 25:14–46; Mt 28:1–8; Mt 28:18–20; Mk 1:9–11; Mk 11:25–33; Mk 12:18–27; Mk 13:24–27; Mk 14:53–65; Mk 16:19–20; Lk 2:15–20; Lk 3:1–20; Lk 6:20–26; Lk 10:17–24; Lk 12:22–34; Lk 15:1–7; Lk 15:11–32; Lk 16:14–17; Lk 20:1–8; Lk 21:29–33; Lk 22:39–46; Lk 23:26–49; Lk 24:49–53; Jn 1:29–34; Jn 1:43–51; Jn 3:1–36; Jn 6:22–40; Jn 12:27–36; Jn 14:1–4; Jn 17:1–5; Ac 1:9–11; Ac 2:1–4; Ac 3:11–26; Ac 7:44–50; Ac 7:54–60; Ac 10:9–16; Ac 17:22–34; Ac 21:37–22:21; Ac 26:12–18; Ro 1:18–32; Ro 10:1–13; 1 Co 15:35–49; 2 Co 4:16–5:8; 2 Co 12:1–6; Ga 1:6–10; Ga 4:21–31; Eph 1:3–2:10; Eph 3:8–13; Eph 6:5–9; Php 2:5–11; Php 3:12–4:1; Col 1:3–18; Col 3:1–11; 1 Th 1:2–10; 1 Th 4:13–18; 2 Th 1:3–12; 2 Ti 4:17–18; Heb 3:1–6; Heb 8:1–6; Heb 9:23–28; Heb 11:13–16; Heb 12:18–29; Heb 13:7–17; 1 Pe 1:3–12; 1 Pe 3:18–4:6; 2 Pe 1:16–21; 2 Pe 3:10–13; Re 3:7–13; Re 4:1–5:14; Re 7:9–8:6; Re 10:1–7; Re 11:11–12:12; Re 13:1–10; Re 14:1–13; Re 14:17–16:1; Re 16:10–11; Re 18:1–8; Re 19:1–16; Re 20:1–3; Re 21:1–22:5; Re 22:12–17;
See also
Topics & Themes