Body and body parts
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Heart. Vital bodily organ; however, all modern assumptions concerning circulation of the blood, the intellectual and directive functions of brain and nervous system, must be set aside when considering Scripture’s remarkably consistent physiological language. “Heart” (Hebrew léb; Greek kardia) occurs
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
HEART[Heb lēḇ, lēḇāḇ, libbâ (Dt. 20:8; Ps. 73:26; Ezk. 16:30; etc.), nep̱eš—‘soul’ (Ex. 23:9; etc.), kelāyôṯ—‘reins, kidneys’ (Job 19:27; etc.) mēʿîm—‘bowels’ (Job 30:27; etc.), qereḇ—‘interior’ (Jer. 9:8 [MT 7]; etc.), beṭen—‘belly’ (Job 15:35; 32:19; etc.), raḥamîm—‘compassion’ (Gen.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
HEART Vital bodily organ; emotional center of one’s being.In Hebrew and Greek, as in modern English, “heart” is used to designate a physical organ as well as the emotional center of one’s being. “Heart” (Hebrew leb; Greek kardia) occurs approximately 1,000 times in the Bible, though it is often disguised
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
heart. Literally, the word “heart” in the Bible (Heb. leb, lebab; Gk. kardia) refers to the center or the middle of something (cf. Matt. 12:34, “heart of the earth”); figuratively, it tends to connote the “essence” of that of which it is the center. Most references to the heart are to the “human heart” (in
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Weighing the heart of the scribe Ani in the afterlife, a scene from the Egyptian Book of the Dead. BMHEART. The heart was considered by the Egyptians to be the central organ of physical life. Since the Hebrews likewise held this opinion instead of taking the liver as the principal internal organ as
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
HEART (Heb. lēḇ or lēḇāḇ; Gk. kardia). The term is used of the centre of things (Dt. 4:11; Jon. 2:3; Mt. 12:40); the root of the Heb. word, which is obscure, may mean centre.The references to the physical organ as such are few and by no means specific. The clearest is 1 Sa. 25:37. In 2 Sa. 18:14
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
HeartIn general, the center or middle of things (Deut. 4:11; Matt. 12:40). The ancients did not seem as concerned about the heart (Heb. lēḇ, lēḇāḇ; Gk. kardɩ́a) as an organ as they were about such other organs as the liver and kidneys. References to the heart as a physical organ are extremely
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Heart (Heb. lēḇ, lēḇāḇ; Gk. kardía). In general usage, the core of the person. The term has a wide range of applications which include physical being, personality, emotions, intellect, will, and relationship with God.The Old Testament refers to the heart no fewer than 854 times by the Hebrew
Catholic Bible Dictionary
HEART The vital center of life in the body, mentioned over a thousand times in Scripture. Sometimes it refers to the literal bodily organ (e.g., 2 Sam 18:14; 2 Kgs 9:24; Tob 6:5; Ps 45:6), but far more often “heart” is used metaphorically to mean the emotional center or the seat of life (e.g., Jer 7:31;
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
heart (Heb. לֵבָב or לֵב, Gk. καρδία). In the Bible it usually designates the whole personality, though, in contrast to modern usage, the emphasis is on the activities of reason and will rather than the emotions. Both in the OT and NT it is the seat of wisdom (1 Kgs. 3:12), and of thought and reflection
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
HEART (Heb. mostly lēb; Gk. kardia). According to thorough investigation and evidence of Scripture in all its parts, the heart is the innermost center of the natural condition of man. The heart is: (1) the center of the bodily life, the reservoir of the entire life-power (Ps. 40:8, 10, 12) and indeed
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
HeartAccording to the Bible, the heart is the centre not only of spiritual activity, but of all the operations of human life. “Heart” and “soul” are often used interchangeably (Deut. 6:5; 26:16; comp. Matt. 22:37; Mark 12:30, 33), but this is not generally the case.The heart is the “home of the personal