Dislike • Hatred • Loath • Loathe • Resentment
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hate; Hatred
Hate; Hatred [Heb. śānēʾ, śinʾâ (Gen. 24:60; 26:27; etc.), śāṭam (Gen. 27:41; 49:23; 50:15; Job 16:9; Ps. 55:3 [MT 4]); Aram śenēʾ (Dnl. 4:19); Gk. miséō (Mt. 5:43; Mk. 13:13; etc.), stygētós (Tit. 3:3)]; NEB also “enemies” (Gen. 24:60), “bore a grudge” (Gen. 27:41), “not loved” (Gen.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
HATRED Intense feeling of aversion or enmity, which could prompt a person to loathe someone or something, or even to seek revenge for having been wronged. The Scriptures forbid people to hate others (Lv 19:17–18) because it leads to sin. Indeed, hatred itself is considered murder (1 Jn 3:15). We are
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hate, Hatred
HATE, HATRED. Hatred (a strong dislike for) may be a work of the “flesh” (Rom 8:7; Gal 5:19 f.) and a sign of unregeneracy (1 Jn 3:15). The unregenerate hate God (Ex 20:5; Ps 83:2; Rom 1:30), the light (Jn 3:20), the righteous (Ps 35:19; 69:4; Jn 15:25), and one another (Tit 3:3). They hate Christians
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
HateHate is such a basic human emotion that it is not surprising to find it regularly highlighted in the Bible, even in the anthropopathisms applied to God in the OT (absent in the NT; but Rom. 9:13). While the Hebrews naturally had a whole range of such emotions ranging from outright death-seeking
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hate (Heb. śānē˒; Gk. miséō). Aversion or hostility. Biblical usage represents a broad range of nuances from intense malice to simple disregard as expressed between individuals and groups and between God and mankind.According to the Old Testament, hatred may stem from wickedness (Ps. 26:5),
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Enemy, enmity, hatredThe terminology of “enemy” (echthros), “enmity” (echthra), “hate” (miseō) and its various related images must be seen within the context of the dualism of Pauline thought. Humanity is divided by Paul into “those who are being saved” and “those who are perishing” (1 Cor 1:18; 2
Catholic Bible Dictionary
HATE “Hate” in the Bible has a broad range of meanings. It sometimes means “love less” or “not love,” as we see when the Lord loves Jacob but “hates” Esau (Mal 1:3) or when a husband “hates” his wife because he no longer loves her (Deut 21:15, 22:13, 24:3; Judg 11:7; cf. Gen 29:31; Mal 2:16). In other
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
HATE (Heb. śānē˒; Gk. miseō). In the root of the Heb. word is the idea of ugliness, deformity; hence to regard with feelings contrary to love; to abhor, to loathe, to cherish dislike to. In both the Heb. and Gk. words we find the above meaning in some places (e.g., 2 Chron. 18:7; Ps. 45:7; Matt.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Hatredamong the works of the flesh (Gal. 5:20). Altogether different is the meaning of the word in Deut. 21:15; Matt. 6:24; Luke 14:26; Rom. 9:13, where it denotes only a less degree of love.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Hate, Hatred
HATE, HATRED — strong dislike, disregard, or even indifference toward someone or something. As such, hate may be seated in a person’s emotions or will. Various degrees and types of hatred are described in the Bible. This makes it difficult to define hatred in simple, absolute terms.The people of God
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Abhor, Loathe
Abhor, LoatheThe English words abhor and loathe translate biblical terms that connote the image of turning away from something because of extreme dislike or intolerance. These words are used in reference to both people and God. The primary actor where such language is involved is God, who loathes things
Key passages
Le 19:17–18

“ ‘You shall not hate your brother in your heart; you shall surely rebuke your fellow citizen, so that you do not incur sin along with him. You shall not seek vengeance, and you shall not harbor a grudge against your fellow citizens; and you shall love your neighbor …

Ps 139:21–22

Do I not hate those who hate you, O Yahweh? And do I not loathe those who rise up against you? I hate them with a complete hatred; they have become my enemies.

Mt 5:43–44

“You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor’ and ‘Hate your enemy.’ But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,

Lk 14:26

“If anyone comes to me and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, and furthermore, even his own life, he cannot be my disciple.

See also
Topics & Themes