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Hashum (witness)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
One of the leaders of the postexilic Jewish community who signed the written agreement to keep the law during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah (Neh 10:18). Hashum was one of the leaders standing at Ezra’s left when Ezra read the “book of the law of Moses” (סֵפֶר תּוֹרַת מֹשֶׁה‎, sepher torath mosheh) to the people (Neh 8:1, 4). Hashum may be the family name of the leader who committed to the covenant since “Hashum” is one of the families listed as returning from exile with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:19; Neh 7:22).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hashum the Witness
Hashum the Witness (חָשֻׁם‎, chashum). One of the leaders of the postexilic Jewish community who signed the written agreement to keep the law during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah (Neh 10:18). Hashum was one of the leaders standing at Ezra’s left when Ezra read the “book of the law of Moses” (סֵפֶר תּוֹרַת
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Hashum (Person)
HASHUM (PERSON) [Heb ḥašum (חַשֻׁם)]. A postexilic name present throughout Ezra, Nehemiah, and 1 Esdras, whose occurrences suggest the identification of two separate individuals.1. The progenitor of a family which returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:19 = Neh 7:22). His name is missing in
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Hashum
Hashum. 1. Ancestor of a family that returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel after the exile (Ezr 2:19; 10:33; Neh 7:22).2. Israelite who stood to Ezra’s left at the reading of the Law (Neh 8:4).3. Leader who signed Ezra’s covenant of faithfulness to God with Nehemiah and others after the exile (Neh
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hashum
Hashum hāʹshem [Heb. ḥāšum].1. In Ezr. 2:19; Neh. 7:22, “sons of Hashum” are mentioned among the returning exiles. In Ezr. 10:33 (also 1 Esd. 9:33; AV, NEB, ASOM), members of the same family are named among those who married foreign wives.2. One of those who stood on Ezra’ s left at the reading
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Hashum
HASHUM1. Ancestor of a family who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel after the exile (Ezr 2:19; 10:33; Neh 7:22).2. Israelite who stood to Ezra’s left at the reading of the law (Neh 8:4).3. Leader who signed Ezra’s covenant of faithfulness to God with Nehemiah and others after the exile (Neh 10:18).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hashum
Hashum (hay´shuhm).1 The ancestor of a family group who returned to Jerusalem after the Babylonian exile. The group numbered either 223 (Ezra 2:19) or 328 (Neh. 7:22); 7 members of this family group divorced their foreign wives in response to Ezra’s proclamation (Ezra 10:33).2 An individual who stood
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hashum
HASHUM1. The “children of Hashum” were among the Israelites who returned with Zerubbabel to rebuild the temple (Ezr 2:19; Neh 7:22). They are also listed among those who put away their foreign wives in the time of Ezra (Ezr 10:33).2. One of the men who stood beside Ezra as he read the law before the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hashum
Hashum (Heb. ḥāšum)1. An Israelite whose descendants returned from the Exile under Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:19 = Neh. 7:22).2. A representative of the family of Hashum 1 who stood at Ezra’s left during the reading of the law (Neh. 8:4; 1 Esdr. 9:44, “Lothasubus”). It was probably he who set his seal to
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hashum
Hashum [hāˊshəm] (Heb. hāšum). An Israelite whose descendants returned from the Exile under Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:19; Neh. 7:22). It was probably a representative of this family who stood at Ezra’s left during the reading of the law (8:4; 1 Esdr. 9:44 “Lothasubus”) and who set his seal to the renewed
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Hashum
Ha´shum (rich).1. Bene-Hashum, 223 in number, came back from Babylon with Zerubbabel. Ezra 2:19; 10:33; Neh. 7:22. (b.c. before 536.) The chief man of the family was among those who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah. Neh. 10:18. (b.c. 410.)2. One of the priests or Levites who stood on Ezra’s left hand
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Hashum
HA´SHUM (haʹshūm).1. An Israelite whose posterity (or perhaps a place whose inhabitants), to the number of 223, came back from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:19), or 328 in all (Neh. 7:22). Seven men of them married foreign wives, from whom they separated (Ezra 10:33), before 536 b.c.2. One of those
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Hashum
Hashumopulent. (1.) Ezra 2:19; Neh. 7:22. (2.) Stood on Ezra’s left hand while he read the law (Neh. 8:4).
See also
Roles