Cithern • Psaltery • Psaltries • Viol • Zither
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Psaltery. kjv rendering of harp.See Music and Musical Instruments (Nebel).
Viol. kjv rendering of harp in Isaiah 5:12; 14:11; Amos 5:23; and 6:5.See Music and Musical Instruments (Nebel).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Harp[Heb nēḇel, neḇel, kelî-neḇel, kinnôr; Aram pesantērîn < Gk. psaltḗrion; Gk. kithára]; AV also PSALTERY, VIOL; NEB also DULCIMER, LUTE, LYRE. See Music II.B.
Cithern sithʹərn [Gk. kithára] (1 Macc. 4:54, AV); RSV, NEB HARPS. See Music II.B.
Psaltery A frequent AV translation of Heb. nēḇel (or neḇel). See Harp (the usual RSV translation); Music II.B.
Viol The AV translation of Heb. nēḇel/neḇel (RSV “harp”) in Isa. 5:12; 14:11; Am. 5:23; 6:5. See Music II.B.2.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
VIOL* kjv rendering of harp in Isaiah 5:12; 14:11; Amos 5:23; and 6:5. See Musical Instruments (Nebel).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Harp (Heb. nēḇel, kinnôr; Gk. kithára). A stringed musical instrument, plucked or strummed with both hands and used primarily for worship (cf. Ps. 33:2; 57:8; 81:2; 92:3; 108:2; 1 Macc. 4:54). Although the instruments to which these terms refer cannot be identified with certainty, the harp
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
psaltery (Lat.. psalterium). (1) An ancient and medieval stringed instrument played by plucking the strings with the fingers or a plectrum. (2) An obsolete term for Psalter (2), sometimes used by Victorian liturgiologists.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Harp. The harp was the national instrument of the Hebrews, and was well known throughout Asia. Moses assigns its invention to Jubal during the antediluvian period. Gen. 4:21. Josephus records that the harp had ten strings, and that it was played on with the plectrum. Sometimes it was smaller, having
Psaltery. This was a stringed instrument of music to accompany the voice. The Hebrew Nêbel or nebel is so rendered in the Authorized Version in all passages where it occurs, except in Isa. 5:12; 14:11; 22:24, marg.; Amos 5:23; 6:5, where it is translated viol. The ancient viol was a six-stringed guitar.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
ZITHER. A musical instrument (Dan. 3:5, 7, 10, 15) identified by the KJV as a harp and by the NASB as a lyre (marg. “zither”). See Music.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Harp(Heb. kinnor, the national instrument of the Hebrews. It was invented by Jubal (Gen. 4:21). Some think the word kinnor denotes the whole class of stringed instruments. It was used as an accompaniment to songs of cheerfulness as well as of praise to God (Gen. 31:27; 1 Sam. 16:23; 2 Chr. 20:28; Ps.
Psalterya musical instrument, supposed to have been a kind of lyre, or a harp with twelve strings. The Hebrew word nebhel, so rendered, is translated “viol” in Isa. 5:12 (R.V., “lute”); 14:11. In Dan. 3:5, 7, 10, 15, the word thus rendered is Chaldaic, pesanterin, which is supposed to be a word of Greek
ViolHeb. nebel (Isa. 5:12, R.V., “lute;” 14:11), a musical instrument, usually rendered “psaltery” (q.v.)
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
HarpGenesis 4:21 reports that harps go back to a certain Jubal, “father of all who play the harp and flute” (NIV). Throughout the Bible harps are mentioned mostly in the contexts of either celebration or mourning, with the former being more common. Other uses of harps are hinted at. For example, in
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CITHERN<sith’-ern> ([λιθάρα, kithara]; 1 Macc 4:54 the King James Version, [kitharais kai kinurais] is translated “citherns and harps”; the Revised Version (British and American) “harps and lutes”; compare guitar, zither): As 1 Macc was originally written in Hebrew, it is natural to suppose that
VIOL<vi’-ol> (נֵבֶל[nebhel], נֶבֶל[nebhel]): the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) in Isa 14:11; Am 5:23; 6:5; the King James Version alone in Isa 5:12, the Revised Version (British and American) “lute.” “Viol” is derived from Latin vitella, a doublet of
Compton’s Encyclopedia
harpOrchestral harp. Click on the audio icons beneath the art to hear the sound of a harp. TheEncyclopædia Britannica, Inc.The modern harp is a stringed instrument, or chordophone, played by soloists and used in symphony orchestras. It has a range of more than six octaves and
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Harp, the national musical instrument of the Hebrews. Its invention is ascribed by Moses to the antediluvian period (Gen. 4:21). It had, according to Josephus, ten strings, which were struck either by a key or by the hand. Its most skillful player was David, whose performances upon it are represented
Psalʹte-ry, a stringed instrument of music to accompany the voice. It resembled the guitar, but was superior in tone, being larger and having a convex back. The psalteries of David were made of cypress (2 Sam. 6:5); those of Solomon, of algum or almug trees (2 Chron. 9:11).
Viʹol. This word occurs in a few passages (Isa. 5:12; 14:11; Amos 5:23; 6:5) as the English equivalent for a Hebrew term elsewhere rendered Psaltery (which see).
See also
Topics & Themes