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Harim (priest under David)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A leader of one of the 24 priestly families whose time of service was determined by lot in 1 Chr 24:1–19. Harim received the third lot ((1 Chr 24:8)). A group of 1,017 people from this priestly family returned to Judah with Zerubbabel following the Babylonian exile (Ezra 2:39; Neh 7:42). Five men of this family were among those found to have taken foreign wives but who agreed to divorce them per Ezra’s demand (Ezra 10:21). The leader of the family was also one of the men who signed the written agreement to keep the law during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah (Neh 10:5). According to Neh 12:15, Adna was the head of this priestly family during the days of Joiakim, son of Jeshua, the high priest.Several passages in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah list the names of families or clans represented among the community of Jews who had returned to Judah from exile in Babylon (e.g., Ezra 2:3–39; 8:1–14; 10:25–43; Neh 7:8–42; compare 1 Esdras 5:9–25). These names are frequently used to identify which family group various members of the community belong to. It is often difficult to determine whether a reference to one of the family names is a general reference to the family or a specific reference to an individual member or leader of the family.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Harim the Priest
Harim the Priest (חָרִם‎, charim). A leader of one of the 24 priestly families whose time of service was determined by lot in 1 Chr 24:1–19. Harim received the third lot ((1 Chr 24:8)). A group of 1,017 people from this priestly family returned to Judah with Zerubbabel following the Babylonian exile (Ezra
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Harim (Person)
HARIM (PERSON) [Heb ḥārim (חָרִם)], Var. ANNAN; REHUM. 1. Name of one of the 24 divisions of the priests in the time of David (1 Chr 24:8). Although the Chronicler attributes this division of the priests to David, most scholars regard the list as reflecting priestly organization from a later time,
Rehum (Person)
REHUM (PERSON) [Heb rĕḥûm (רְחוּם)]. Var. NEHUM. The name of several different persons mentioned in the OT.1. One of the leaders of the group of returnees from Babylonian Exile who is listed along with Zerubbabel in Ezra 2:2 = Neh 7:7 (where the form is Nehum) = 1 Esdr 5:8. One name has apparently
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Harim
Harim. 1. Priest whom King David appointed to official duties in the temple (1 Chr 24:8).2. Ancestor of a Jewish family which returned from the Babylonian exile with Zerubbabel (Ezr 2:32; Neh 10:5). Members of this family were guilty of marrying foreign women (Ezr 10:31), but they divorced their wives
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Annan
Annan anʹən [GK. Annan, A Annas] (1 Esd. 9:32); AV, NEB, ANNAS. The head of a family who returned from exile with Ezra, called Harim in Ezr. 10:31.
Harim
2. A priestly family returning with Zerubbabel (Ezr. 2:39; Neh. 7:42; 12:3, 15 [see Rehum]; 1 Esd. 5:25; AV CARME, NEB CHARME); members of this family covenanted to put away their foreign wives (Ezr. 10:21; Neh. 10:15 [MT 6]). A family of this name appears as the third of the priestly courses in the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Annan
ANNAN Father of five sons who divorced their foreign wives under the direction of Ezra (1 Esd 9:32), also called Harim (Ezr 10:31).
Harim
HARIM1. Priest whom King David appointed to official duties in the temple (1 Chr 24:8).2. Ancestor of a Jewish family who returned from the Babylonian exile with Zerubbabel (Ezr 2:32; Neh 10:5). Members of this family were guilty of marrying foreign women (Ezr 10:31), but they divorced their wives
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Harim
Harim (hair´im; Heb., “consecrated” or “dedicated”).1 A priest, descendant of Aaron and head of a major line of priests (1 Chron. 24:8). Any of the following could belong to this line.2 The ancestor of a family group who returned from the Babylonian exile with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:32); eight members
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Harim
HARIM1. The priest who was appointed by lot and thus gave his name to the third of 24 divisions or courses into which the priests were separated for service (1 Chr 24:8). The 1,017 “sons of Harim” who came back from Babylon (Ezr 2:39; Neh 7:42) simply belonged to this course of Harim. Five of them took
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Harim
Harim (Heb. ḥārim)1. The head of a priestly family in Israel, third among the 24 divisions of priests organized by David (1 Chr. 24:8). Descendants of this family were among the first returnees from Babylon (Ezra 2:39; Neh. 7:42), and five family members were among the priests who had married and
Rehum
Rehum (Heb. rĕḥûm, rĕḥum)1. One of 10 leaders who accompanied Zerubbabel from Babylon back to Judea (Ezra 2:2; cf. Neh. 7:7, Nehum).2. The Persian commanding officer in Samaria who, along with Shimshai, wrote a letter to King Xerxes protesting the Jews’ work of restoring the walls and repairing
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Harim
HARIM (Hebrew ḥārim)1. The name of the third of the twenty-four priestly families during the time of David (1 Chr 24:8).2. A family of priests during the postexilic period; they returned from Babylon under Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:39; Neh 7:42).
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Harim
Ha´rim (flat-nosed).1. A priest who had charge of the third division in the house of God. 1 Chron. 24:8. (b.c. 1014.)2. Bene-Harim, probably descendants of the above, to the number of 1017, came from Babylon with Zerubbabel. Ezra 2:39; Neh. 7:42. (b.c. 536.)3. It further occurs in a list of the families
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Harim
HA´RIM (hāʹrim; perhaps “consecrated, devoted, or flat-nosed”).1. The head of the third course of priests as arranged by David (1 Chron. 24:8), after 1000 b.c.2. An Israelite whose descendants, to the number of 320 males, or 1,017 in all, returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:32, 39; Neh.
See also
Roles