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Hardness of Heart
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The spiritual condition of persistent unresponsiveness to God and His Word, which can rise to the level of rejection and hostility. Apart from divinely granted repentance, this condition can harden to a permanent and unchanging state, leading to condemnation.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Hardness and Dullness of Heart
Hardness and Dullness of Heart The spiritual condition of persistent unresponsiveness to God and His Word, which can rise to the level of rejection and hostility. Apart from divinely granted repentance, this condition can harden to a permanent and unchanging state, leading to condemnation.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Hardness of Heart
HARDNESS OF HEART* A phrase signifying spiritual obstinacy.The first references to the hardening of the heart exemplify the fundamental features of this doctrine in Scripture. The number of times it is referred to is surprising; there are at least 20 references to the hardening of Pharaoh’s heart in
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hardness of Heart
HARDNESS OF HEART. An expression found several times in the NT describing a certain moral attitude and firm set of mind. This stubborness, impenitence (Rom 2:5) and impenetrability of man’s heart as a condition is caused by wickedness and sin (Ex 9:34; Heb 3:13). Jesus Christ was grieved at the hardness
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Hardness of Heart
Hardness of heartThe well-known OT idea of spiritual obduracy or moral insensitivity (often referred to as “hardness of heart”) occurs in Jesus’ teaching and in editorial comments in the Gospels, especially in Mark and John. In these latter writings the concept makes an especially important theological
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Hardness of Heart
HARDNESS OF HEART (Matt. 19:8; Mark 3:5). Indicates a destitution of feeling, insensitivity to spiritual things, persistence in wrongdoing, wickedness; in common use—stinginess, solidity, firmness. In Ezek. 3:7 (see marg.) the reference is evidently to a moral hardening. To “harden” or “stiffen the neck” (2
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Hardness of Heart
HARDNESS OF HEART — stubbornness in opposition to God’s will (1 Sam. 6:6; Job 38:30). The classic case in the Bible of such disobedience was the Pharaoh of Egypt, who refused to release the Hebrew people in spite of repeated displays of God’s power (Ex. 4:21; 7:3; 14:4, 17).
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
Hardening Of Heart
HARDENING OF HEART.—(a) The relation in Scripture between the blood and the life (Lv 17:11) is such that the heart is naturally ‘the typical centre of personal life’ (cf. Westcott on He 4:12 and 1 Jn 1:7 Add. Notes); the seat of understanding (1 K 3:9, 12), affection (Dt 6:5), will (Jer 5:23), character
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Hardness of Heart
HARDNESS OF HEART The action or state of resistance to and rejection of the Word and will of God. Hardness of heart can be a refusal to hear the Word of God, or it can be a refusal to submit and obey the will of God. This rejection can include both the message delivered and the messenger who delivers
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch
Hardness of Heart
HARDNESS OF HEARTHardness of heart denotes stubbornness and rejection of God’s will. It most often occurs in the exodus narrative concerning *Pharaoh’s refusal to allow the *Israelites to leave *Egypt. Because God is sometimes depicted as hardening Pharaoh’s heart, these passages present a challenge
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, Second Edition
Hardness of Heart
HARDNESS OF HEARTThe “hardening of the heart” is a Hebrew idiom that describes spiritual obstinacy before God. The NT condition finds its origin in the OT, where hardening occurs as a covenant curse symptomatic of idolatry. Jesus and the Gospel writers adopted the Semitic concept to describe inner faithlessness
Dictionary of Biblical Prophecy and End Times
Callousness of Israel
Callousness of IsraelThe title of this article is based on the Greek word pōrōsis, a medical term for the hardened swelling of a bone after it had been broken, resulting in a callus that is dull and insensitive.24 This word and its related verb occur in three places in Paul’s writings: Romans 11:7,
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
Hardening
Hardening, Hardness of Heart. The action of hardening one’s heart or the state of hardness of heart is persistent and sometimes hostile rejection of God’s Word—not simply refusal to hear the Word but refusal to respond in obedience. The rejection may also extend to those who convey the Word, whether
Key passages
Ex 8:15

And Pharaoh saw that there was relief, and he made his heart insensitive, and he did not listen to them, as Yahweh had spoken.

Ps 95:8

“Do not harden your heart as at Meribah, as in the day of Massah in the wilderness,

Ro 11:25–26

For I do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, of this mystery, so that you will not be wise in your own sight, that a partial hardening has happened to Israel, until the full number of the Gentiles has come in, and so all Israel will be saved, just as it is written, …

Heb 3:8

do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, in the day of testing in the wilderness,