Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
HAPHARAIM (PLACE) [Heb ḥapārayim (חַפָרַיִם)]. A town located in the territory of the tribe of Issachar, mentioned only in Josh 19:19. Yeivin (1957: 590) equated Hapharaim with both Number 53 (ʿpr wr) and Number 54 (ʿpr šri) in the List of Thutmose III at Karnak. However, Kallai (HGB, 422) has noted
OPHRAH (PLACE) [Heb ʿoprâ (עָפְרָה)]. 1. A town in the tribal allotment of Benjamin (Josh 18:23). This Ophrah has been identified with modern et-Taiyibeh (M.R. 178151), about 4 miles N of Bethel (Boling Joshua AB, 430; McCarter 1 Samuel AB, 238). It may also be described as lying on the intersection
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hapharaim haf-ə-rāʹəm [Heb. ḥap̱ārayim—‘two pits’]; AV HAPHRAIM haf-rāʹəm. One of the sixteen cities, with their villages, assigned to the tribe of Issachar when Canaan was divided among the tribes of Israel after the Conquest under Joshua (Josh. 19:19). Sheshonq (Shishak) includes it in his list
2. A city in the territory W of the Jordan allotted to Manasseh; it belonged to the clan of Abiezer (Jgs. 6:11, 15, 24, 34; 8:32; 9:5; cf. Josh. 17:2; 1 Ch. 7:18). Ophrah was the home of Gideon and the place where he received a divine commission to deliver Israel from the oppressing Midianites, built
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Ophrah (of´ruh).1 A town belonging to the Abiezrite group from the tribe of Manasseh (Judg. 6:11, 15). It was the home of Gideon (chaps. 6–8), and it was here that Gideon built an altar inscribed with the words, “the Lord is peace” to commemorate the appearance of an angel of the Lord to him (6:24).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hapharaim (Heb. ḥăp̱ārayim)A city in the territory allotted to the tribe of Issachar (Josh. 19:19). Some scholars have associated it with a site (Egyp. ḥprm) mentioned in Shishak (Sheshonk) I’s list of conquered cities inscribed at Karnak or with two cities (ʒpr wr, ʒpr šri) in a list of Thutmose
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
HAPHARAIM<haf-a’-ra’-im> ([חֲפָרַיִם, chapharayim]; the King James Version Haphraim, haf-ra’im, possibly “place of a moat”): A town in the territory of Issachar, named with Shunem and Anaharath (Josh 19:19). Eusebius, Onomasticon identifies it with “Affarea,” and places it 6 miles North of Legio-Megiddo.