Loading…
Hamstring
Hock • Hough
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hamstring
Hamstring[Heb piel of ʿiqqēr]; AV HOUGH. To disable an animal by cutting the large tendon at the back of the knee on the hind legs.It has been a common military act throughout mankind’s history to disable an enemy’s horses by hamstringing them. This rendered them useless for military action. It was
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hamstring
hamstring, to cut the tarsal joint tendons, preventing an animal from being able to walk (Josh. 11:6, 9; 2 Sam. 8:4; 1 Chron. 18:4).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hough
HOUGH. The older form of “hock.” In the hind leg of a quadraped it is the joint between the knee and the fetlock. The verb means “to cut the hamstring of an animal,” thus permanently crippling it. The word “hough” appears in Josh 11:6, 9; 2 Sam 8:4; 1 Chr 18:4. In the RSV all of the above uses are translated
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Hamstring
HAMSTRING (Heb. ˓āgar; to “extirpate”). The method employed to render useless the captured horses of the enemy (Josh. 11:6; 2 Sam. 8:4; 1 Chron. 18:4), since the Israelites were forbidden to use that animal (Deut. 17:16). It consisted in severing the achilles tendon of the hind legs. The KJV term is
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Hough
Houghto hamstring, i.e., sever the “tendon of Achilles” of the hinder legs of captured horses (Josh. 11:6; 2 Sam. 8:4; 1 Chr. 18:4), so as to render them useless.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Hamstring
Hamstringhamstring (kjv: ‘hough’), to cut the tarsal joint tendons, preventing an animal from being able to walk (Josh. 11:6, 9; 2 Sam. 8:4; 1 Chron. 18:4).
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Hamstring
HAMSTRING — to cripple by cutting the hamstrings, or leg tendons, of horses (1 Chr. 18:4; hough, KJV) or other animals (Gen. 49:6). When horses were captured from the enemy, the great muscles on their hind legs were sometimes clipped to render the horses useless for battle (Gen. 49:6; Josh. 11:6, 9;
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
HOCK
HOCK([עָקַר‎, ̀aqar], “to root out”): To hamstring, i.e. to render useless by cutting the tendons of the hock (in the King James Version and the English Revised Version “hough”). “In their selfwill they hocked an ox” (Gen 49:6, the King James Version “digged down a wall”), in their destructiveness
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Hough
Hough [pronounced hock], a method employed by the ancient Israelites to render useless the captured horses of an enemy (Josh. 11:6). It consisted in hamstringing, that is, severing the principal tendon of the hind legs, which effectually disabled the animal.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Hamstring
HAMSTRING To cripple by cutting the leg tendons. Horses captured in war were frequently hamstrung (KJV, hough) (Josh. 11:6, 9; 2 Sam. 8:4; 1 Chron. 18:4). The hamstringing of oxen (Gen. 49:6 modern translations) is an example of rash anger.
Hough
HOUGH KJV term meaning “hamstring” (Josh. 11:6, 9; 2 Sam. 8:4; 1 Chron. 18:4). See Hamstring.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
Hough
hough. An archaic English verb used by the KJV to render Hebrew ʿāqar H6828, which in the piel form means “to cripple, hamstring” (Josh. 11:6 et al.).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Hock
HOCK (עָקַר‎, ‘āḳar, “to root out”): To hamstring, i.e. to render useless by cutting the tendons of the hock (in AV and ERV “hough”). “In their self-will they hocked an ox” (Gen 49:6, AV “digged down a wall”), in their destructiveness maiming those which they could not carry off. See also Josh 11:6,