Occupational Objects
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Hammer[Heb maqqeḇeṯ] (Jgs. 4:21; 1 K. 6:7; Isa. 44:12; Jer. 10:4); [paṭṭîš] (Isa. 41:7; Jer. 23:29; 50:23); NEB also “gilder” (Isa. 41:7); [kêlāp̱; cf. Akk. kalapāti] (Ps. 74:6); NEB PICK; [mappēṣ] (Jer. 51:20); AV, NEB, BATTLE AXE. Pieces of shaped stone used for pounding or fashioning were
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
hammer. Archaeological excavations have found stone hammers from the earliest time of Israelite settlement: they consist of a simple stone or rock with a hole bored for a wood handle. In the building of Solomon’s temple, however, iron hammers were used (1 Kings 6:7). Hammered gold was used for the mercy
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
HAMMER. Several Heb. words have been translated “hammer” in the KJV. In OT times the head of a hammer was usually of a hard stone, less often of bronze or iron. Since it was used as a cutting tool, metal tended to be too soft.1. Heb. păṭṭɩ̂sh was the hammer of the smith used for smoothing metals
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
HammerThe use of hammers in the ancient Near East begins with stone hammers, stone heads with a hole bored for a wooden handle. In building Solomon’s temple, iron hammers were used. Three Hebrew words represent the English “hammer”: halmûṯ (Judg. 5:26), a “worker’s hammer”; maqqeḇeṯ (Judg. 4:21;
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hammer (Heb. maqqeḇeṯ, paṭṭîš). A tool used for pounding as well as fashioning from crude material by smiths and masons; generally a smooth or shaped stone held directly in the hand or by a handle affixed to a hole bored in the stone. Various samples have been discovered at sites throughout the
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
HAMMER. An implement described by four Heb. words in the OT. A heavy wooden mallet used for driving in tent pegs was called a halmût (Judg. 5:26). Another type of heavy maul was called a kêlap (Ps. 74:6; NIV, “hatchets”). A smaller tool suitable for the gold beater (Isa. 41:7) and the quarrymen (Jer.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Hammer(1.) Heb. pattish, used by gold-beaters (Isa. 41:7) and by quarry-men (Jer. 23:29). Metaphorically of Babylon (Jer. 50:23) or Nebuchadnezzar.(2.) Heb. makabah, a stone-cutter’s mallet (1 Kings 6:7), or of any workman (Judg. 4:21; Isa. 44:12).(3.) Heb. halmuth, a poetical word for a workman’s
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Hammerhammer, a striking tool used to fracture or to transmit force to a spike or other object. It could be used for murder (Judg. 4:21; 5:26, rsv: ‘mallet’), stonecutting (1 Kings 6:7), jewel-working (Isa. 41:7), woodworking (Jer. 10:4), or breaking rock (Jer. 23:29). It is a symbol of power (Jer.
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
HammerThe Hebrews used two words for hammer. The blunt-nosed forge hammer (paṯṯîš) was used by metal smiths (Is 41:7). It was also used to break rocks (Jer 23:29). The maqqebet, also a blunt-nosed instrument, could also be used to forge metal (Is 44:12) or to drive pegs (Judg 4:21; Jer 10:4). It
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
HAMMER<ham’-er>: The Hebrew [מַקֶּבֶת‎, maqqebheth], occurs in Jdg 4:21, where it refers to the mallet (probably wooden) used to drive tent-pins into the ground. The same word occurs in 1 Ki 6:7; Isa 44:12; Jer 10:4 as applied to a workman’s hammer. [פַּטִּישׁ‎, paTTish] (compare Arabic, fatis),
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Hamʹmer, a tool for striking blows. The word is found in the Old Testament only, and is the representative in our Authorized Version of several Hebrew terms. 1. A term derived from a verb meaning to strike, and indicating the heaviest instrument of the kind for hard blows (Isa. 41:7; Jer. 23:29); 2.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
HAMMER A striking tool. The earliest hammers were simply smooth or shaped stones. Beginning in the Bronze Age, stones were hallowed out to give a better grip or to receive a handle. Mallets of bone and wood were used (Judg. 5:26), though these have not normally been preserved. Hammers with metal heads