Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The residents of Hamath and one of the Canaanite groups listed in the Table of Nations (Gen 10:18; compare 1 Chr 1:16). The Hamathites are also listed among conquered peoples deported to Samaria by the Assyrians (2 Kgs 17:24, 30).
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HAMATH, HAMATHITE hay´math, hay´muh-thit [חֲמָת khamath, חֲמָתִי khamathi]. 1. A city-state in central Syria, 214 km north of Damascus, on the Orontes (modern al-ʿAsi) River, mentioned in texts from Ebla, Egypt, Ugarit, and Assyria, as well as Hittite inscriptions from Hamath itself. The name may mean