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Halicarnassus
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A city on the coast of Asia Minor, in the region of Caria. The Roman consul Lucius wrote a letter of protection for the Jews there in 139 bc (1 Macc 15:23).Halicarnassus was located near the island of Cos. The Persian Empire ruled Caria from the fifth century bc but allowed it semiautonomous rule. The tomb of King Mausolus (373–353 bc) in Halicarnassus was one of the wonders of the ancient world, and is the origin of the word “mausoleum.” The city was also famous as the birthplace of the historian Herodotus (ca. 485–424 bc). Because of Halicarnassus’ ties to the Persians, Alexander the Great destroyed the city after a siege in 334 bc, but was not able to take the acropolis.Many Jews lived there; 1 Macc 15:16–24 records a letter written by the Roman Senate on their behalf (139 bc). In the first century bc, Jews in Halicarnassus were granted liberty to worship according to their law (Josephus, Antiquities 14.255). The ruins of ancient Halicarnassus are now in Bodrum, Turkey.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Halicarnassus
Halicarnassus (Ἀλικαρνασσος, Alikarnassos). A city on the coast of Asia Minor, in the region of Caria. The Roman consul Lucius wrote a letter of protection for the Jews there in 139 bc (1 Macc 15:23).Halicarnassus was located near the island of Cos. The Persian Empire ruled Caria from the fifth century
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Halicarnassus (Place)
HALICARNASSUS (PLACE) [Gk Alikarnassos (Ἀλικαρνασσος)]. The principal city of Caria in Asia Minor located on the coast opposite Cos on the N bank of the Sinus Ceramicus (37° 02’ N; 27° 26’ E). The ancient city had two ports protected by a small island called Zephyrion (or Arconnesus). The historians
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Halicarnassus
Halicarnassus halʹə-kär-nasʹəs [Gk. Halikarnassos] (1 Macc. 15:23). The largest and strongest city of the ancient country of Caria in Asia Minor, situated on the shore of a bay, about 90 km (55 mi) S of Ephesus. Its site was beautiful, its climate temperate; the soil of the surrounding country was
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Halicarnassus
HALICARNASSUS An important commercial city of Caria in Asia Minor, beautifully situated on a bay about 15 miles (24 kilometers) from the island of Cos. Its excellent natural harbor and the fertile soil in the surrounding area, which produced abundant crops of fruits and nuts, made it a prominent trading
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Halicarnassus
Halicarnassus (Gk. Halikarnassos)A leading city and capital on the southwestern coast of Caria in Asia Minor, modern Budrum, Turkey. It was one of six colonies founded by Dorians ca. 900 b.c.e. By the 5th century, however, the city had become Ionic (with a strong local Carian element). Because of its
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Halicarnassus
Halicarnassus [hălˊə kär năsˊəs] (Gk. Halikarnassos).* The largest and strongest city of Caria, situated on an excellent harbor on the Ceramic Gulf 90 km. (55 mi.) south of Ephesus. Colonized by the Dorians, the city remained under Carian rule even after its capture by the Persians. In retaliation
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
HALICARNASSUS
HALICARNASSUS<hal-i-kar-nas’-us> ([ ̔αλικαρνασσός, Halikarnassos]): The largest and strongest city of the ancient country of Caria in Asia Minor, situated on the shore of a bay, 15 miles from the island of Cos. Its site was beautiful; its climate temperate and even; the soil of the surrounding country
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
Halicarnassus
Halicarnassus hal’uh-kahr-nas’uhs (Ἁλικαρνασσός). City and trading center on the coast of Caria, in SW Asia Minor, opposite the island of Cos. Situated on the Ceramic Gulf astride a magnificent, natural harbor that extended on each side to fortified promontories, the city early gained great commercial
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Halicarnassus
HALICARNASSUS, hal-i-kär-nasʹus (Ἁλικαρνασσός, Halikarnassós): The largest and strongest city of the ancient country of Caria in Asia Minor, situated on the shore of a bay, 15 miles from the island of Cos. Its site was beautiful; its climate temperate and even; the soil of the surrounding country was
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
HALICARNASSUS
HALICARNASSUS hal´uh-kahr-nas´uhs [Ἀλικαρνασσός Halikarnassos]. Halicarnassus, modern-day Bodrum in southwest Turkey, was an important city of Caria in Asia Minor during classical times, and home of the historians Herodotus (5th cent. bce) and Dionysius of Halicarnassus (1st cent. bce). Founded as
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