Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An Aramean king who fought David, as recorded in 2 Sam 8:3–8 (1 Chr 18:3–8) and 2 Sam 10:15–19 (1 Chr 19:16–19).
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
HADADEZER (PERSON) [Heb hădadʿezer (הֲדַדְעֶזֶר)]. Aramean king defeated by David as reported in 2 Sam 8:3, 5 (= 1 Chr 18:3, 5); and 10:16 (= 1 Chr 19:16). According to the 2 Samuel 8 passage he was the son of REHOB, king of ZOBAH, located N of Damascus. In the 2 Samuel 10 passage his territory is unnamed.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Hadadezer. King of Zobah in Syria during David’s reign in Israel. He apparently ruled a region from Ammon in the south to the Euphrates in the east. In 2 Samuel 8:3–12 (see also 1 Chr 18:3–10; kjv Hadarezer) Hadadezer “went to restore his power at the river Euphrates”; David engaged him in battle and
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
HADADEZER King of Zobah in Syria during David’s reign in Israel. He apparently ruled a region from Ammon in the south to the Euphrates in the east. According to 2 Samuel 8:3–12 (see also 1 Chr 18:3–10, kjv “Hadarezer”), Hadadezer attempted to restore his power. David engaged him in battle at the river
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Hadadezer (hay´dad-ee´zuhr; Heb., “Hadad is help”), the king of Zobah who was defeated by David in various campaigns against Aramean resistance (2 Sam. 8:3–12; 10:15–19; 1 Chron. 18:3–11; 19:16–19). David’s victory consolidated his control over both southern Syria and the Transjordan. His tactics included
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
HADADEZER. Son of Rehob, Hadadezer was king of Zobah (2 Sam 8:3), a Syrian region lying to the N of Damascus. In David’s time Hadadezer sought with various allies to conquer Israel, but without success. 2 Sam 8 describes two occasions when David subdued Hadadezer, the second campaign bringing much booty
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
HADADEZER. This Aramaean personal name, meaning ‘(the god) *Hadad is (my) helper’, was borne by at least two kings of the Damascus region. It is sometimes written ‘Hadarezer’, perhaps reflecting an Aramaic dialectal variant, in 2 Sa. 10:16–19; 1 Ch. 18:3–8 (av).Hadadezer, son of Rehob, was king of Zobah,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Hadadezer (Heb. hăḏaḏʿezer)1. Aramean king of Zobah who was defeated by David; the son of Rehob (2 Sam. 8:3). The precise location of his city is not known, though scholars assume it was in the Beqaʿ Valley of Lebanon. It may be named in later Assyrian documents as a provincial center (ṣubatu) derived
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Hadadezer [hādˊə dēˊzər] (Heb. haḏaḏ˓ezer; Akk. Adad-idri “Hadad is help”).
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Hadare´zer (Hadad’s help), son of Rehob, 2 Sam. 8:3, the king of the Armite state of Zobah, who was pursued by David and defeated with great loss. 1 Chron. 18:3, 4. (b.c. 1035.) After the first repulse of the Ammonites and their Syrian allies by Joab, Hadarezer sent his army to the assistance of his