Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Ancestor of a clan who returned to Judah from exile but who could not prove their claim as descendants of Levi (Ezra 2:61; Neh 7:63).
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HABAIAH (PERSON) [Heb ḥŏbayyâ (חֳבַיָּה)]. Var. HOBAIAH. The head of a family of priests which is listed among those exiles of uncertain descent returning from Babylon to Jerusalem and Judah (Ezra 2:61 = Neh 7:63; 1 Esdr 5:38). This priestly family, along with two others, was excluded, at least temporarily,
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HOBAIAH<ho-ba’-ya> ([חֳבָיָה, chobhayah], “whom Yahweh hides,” i.e. “protects”): The head of a priestly family that returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel. Because they could not trace their genealogy, they were not permitted to serve in the priestly office (Neh 7:63 f). In the Qere of this passage