The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gymnasium A place for physical, educational, and personal development in ancient Graeco—Roman cities.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Gymnasium [Gk. gymnásion] (1 Macc. 1:14; 2 Macc. 4:9, 12). The gymnasium was an athletics ground used primarily for training the male youth of ancient Greece to run, wrestle, throw the javelin or discus, etc. It was usually located in a grove by a stream outside the city, where the shade and water
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
GYMNASIUM* Ancient Greek institution devoted to physical education and intellectual development. By the Hellenistic period, gymnasiums had become centers for the propagation of Greek culture. Students received not only physical training but intellectual and social training also. Gymnasiums were privately
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
GymnasiumA Greek institution where young men in the nude trained their bodies, minds, and souls through bodily exercise. Ancient sources note how inseparable the gymnasium was from the Greek way of life and from Greek cities (Strabo Geog. 5.4.7; Pausanias Descr. Gr. 10.4.1). The gymnasium was associated
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Gymnasium (Gk. gymnásion).* A Greek center for physical education and recreation as well as moral and literary training. The pinnacle of Hellenistic education, it constituted a preparatory school for aristocratic males who had attained puberty (cf. 2 Macc. 4:9; Gk. ephēbeíon; RSV “body
Dictionary of New Testament Background
GYMNASIA AND BATHSThe gymnasium, a Greek institution that seems to have existed as far back as early classical times, went through various changes in its millennium-long history. During Greek and Hellenistic times, the gymnasium formed the basis for the Greek polis, which itself formed the basis for
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GYMNASIUM — an important institution in the culture of ancient Greece where young men were educated by the philosophers and trained in various physical routines. Although the word does not appear in the Bible, archaeologists have discovered evidence that gymnasiums did exist throughout the ancient world
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GYMNASIUM Greek educational center. The word comes from a Greek word (gumnos) that means “naked.” In ancient Greece the gymnasium was the center for physical and intellectual education for aristocratic adolescent boys. The gymnasium originated in Athens where the citizens sought the ideals espoused by
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
The gymnasium of Sardis.gymnasium. In Greece the gymnasium (Gk. gymnasion, from gymnos G1218, “naked”) was originally a place of training for the Olympic games and other athletic contests. By the 4th cent. B.C. it had become as well an educational and cultural center for Greek youths, and was regarded
A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs: A Reference Guide to More than 700 Topics Discussed by the Early Church Fathers
GYMNASIUMThe gymnasium is sufficient for boys, even if a bath is within reach. And even for men to prefer gymnastic exercises by far to the baths, is perhaps not bad.… When this is done without dragging a man away from better employments, it is pleasant, and not unprofitable. Clement of Alexandria (c.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
GYMNASIUM [γυμνάσιον gymnasion]. The gymnasium, where upper- and middle-class Greek and Macedonian boys were educated, had three functions over time: education, social interaction, and social integration. It was especially important outside Greece and Macedonia, enabling a minority ruling class to maintain
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