Spicery • Tragacanth
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Gum. General name for the sap of shrubs of the Astragalus species (Gn 43:11, kjv spices), used in trade. Astragalus shrubs grew widely in the Near East. Gum tragacanth, from the Astragalus Tragacantha, is still used commercially.See Plants (Aloe; Balm; Myrrh).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Gum [Heb. neḵōʾṯ; LXX thymíama—‘incense’] (Gen. 37:25; 43:11); AV SPICERY, SPICES; NEB GUM TRAGACANTH. Some have suggested “storax,” the gum resin exuded by the Styrax officinalis. This plant is found in the Levant, but the identification is unlikely (MPB, p. 52). More likely is the application
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
GUM* General name for tragacanth, used in trade and obtained from the sap of shrubs of the Astragalus genus (Gn 43:11). These shrubs grew widely in the Near East. Gum from the Astragalus tragacantha is still used commercially. See Plants (Aloe; Balm; Myrrh).
Catholic Bible Dictionary
GUM A resin produced from various plants. Gum was a prized commodity in the ancient world (Gen 37:25; 43:11).
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
SpiceryHeb. nechoth, identified with the Arabic naka’at, the gum tragacanth, obtained from the astralagus, of which there are about twenty species found in Palestine. The tragacanth of commerce is obtained from the A. tragacantha. “The gum exudes plentifully under the heat of the sun on the leaves,
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
TRAGACANTH<trag’-a-kanth>: For “spicery” in Gen 37:25, the Revised Version margin gives “gum tragacanth or storax.”See SPICE; STORAX.
Compton’s Encyclopedia
gumNatural gums are the solidified juice, or sap, of certain plants. Many gums are soluble in water, swell up in water, or form a mucilage in water but do not dissolve in alcohol or ether. The word gum, however, is sometimes applied to resins or mixtures of gums and resins.A number of different gums
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GUM Yellow to yellowish-brown product formed from the excretions of certain plants. Gum was an item of the Ishmaelites’ caravan trade with Egypt (Gen. 37:25; KJV, spicery) and was regarded as one of the choice products of the land (Gen. 43:11). Some English translations focus on the nature of the substance
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
gum. A viscous or resinous substance used as incense. It is the product of the Astragalus tragacantha, a fair-sized shrub with small pale yellow blossoms. It grows over a wide area in Palestine and the Near E (another possibility is the Astragalus gummifer). The gum is gathered by rubbing the plant with
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
TRAGACANTH, tragʹa-kanth: For “spicery” in Gen 37:25, RVm gives “gum tragacanth or storax.” See Spice; Storax.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
GUM [בְּדֹלַחbedholakh, נָטָףnataf, נְכאֹתnekhoth]. From the root for drop suggesting the gathering of light-colored, secreted sap (Num 11:7) from trees or shrubs that have been pruned or sliced. One suggestion for gum, based on its aromatic and healing properties, is opobalsamum (Commiphora gileadensis).