Remorse over having committed some offense.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Guilt; Guilty [Heb. ʾāšam, ʾāšēm, ʾāšām, ʾāšmâ]; AV also TRESPASS, SIN, OFFEND, OFFENCE, DESTROY, “be desolate” (Isa. 24:6), “become desolate” (Hos. 13:16 [MT 14:1]), ACKNOWLEDGE THEIR OFFENCE (Hos. 5:15); NEB PAY, PUNISH, DISMAY, LIABLE TO RETRIBUTION, OFFENCE, WICKEDNESS, TRANSGRESSION,
Faulty The AV translates Heb. ʾāšēm in 2 S. 14:13 in the obsolete sense of “guilty.”
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
guilt. For the biblical writers, guilt is not primarily an inward feeling of remorse or a bad conscience, but rather a situation that has arisen because of sin committed against God or one’s neighbor; a clear presupposition is that human beings are responsible and accountable for their actions, thoughts,
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Sin, guiltThere are more than thirty words in the NT that convey some notion of sin, and Paul employs at least twenty-four of them. He makes very little use of the “guilt” terminology in the psychological sense, but it may fairly be said that many of the things he says about sin include the thought
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Guiltguilt, a concept that is difficult to define precisely and with every nuance present in the various writings of the Bible. For the biblical writers, guilt is not understood primarily as an inward feeling of remorse or a bad conscience, but rather as involving a situation that has arisen because
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Guilt, Guilty
GUILT, GUILTY — bearing responsibility for an offense or wrongdoing; remorseful awareness of having done something wrong (Lev. 4:3; Ezra 9:6, 13, 15). Although the word “guilt” is not specifically used, some classic examples of guilt in the Bible are: Adam and Eve (Gen. 3:7–8), Cain (Gen. 4:8–9), and
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
GuiltGuilt, a concept found more frequently in the OT than the NT, is difficult to define precisely given the various nuances it takes on in the Bible. Throughout Scripture there is little distinction made between guilt, sin and punishment (Gen 4:13; Is 6:7; 22:9; Jer 30:14–15; see Crime and Punishment).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GUILT<gilt>: The Christian idea of guilt involves three elements: responsibility (Greek aitia, “cause,” depending upon a man’s real freedom), blameworthiness (Latin reatus culpae, depending upon a man’s knowledge and purpose) and the obligation to make good through punishment or compensation (Latin
GUILTY<gil’-ti>: In addition to the general discussion under GUILT (which see), several New Testament passages demand special notice because the word “guilty” is not used in the principal sense of blameworthy, but with one of the two lesser meanings noted above which go to make up the complete
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
guilt. Guilt can be described either as an objective moral concept or as a subjective feeling. As a moral and legal concept, it refers to culpability; it is the situation of rightly being held responsible before God or some human agency that emerges when a person commits an offense, engages in wrongdoing,
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
GUILT is the state of the sinner before God, whereby, becoming the object of God’s wrath, he incurs the debt and punishment of death. So closely are Sin, Guilt, and Death connected, both in the OT and NT, that the terms are almost interchangeable, and can be adequately discussed only in relation to one
Dictionary of Theological Terms
GuiltTo be guilty is to be under divine condemnation and worthy of punishment. The words hupodikos (e.g., Rom. 3:19) and enochos respectively bear these meanings (e.g., 1 Cor. 11:27; James 2:10). Thus, guilt is an aspect of sin, expressing the relation sin bears to the justice of God and to the penalty
Reatus Culpae
Reatus Culpae, Reatus PoenaeTwo phrases used in discussion of the guilt* of sin.* Reatus in Latin means, “the state or condition of an accused person.” Reatus culpae signifies the state of being guilty in the sense of being worthy of blame. Reatus poenae signifies the state of being guilty in the sense
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GUILT Responsibility of an individual or a group for an offense or wrongdoing. The most common Hebrew word for “guilt, be guilty” in the OT is asham and its derivatives (Gen. 26:10; Ezra 9:6, 7, 13, 15; Ps. 69:5; used also of the guilt offering, also called the reparation, compensation, or trespass offering).
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
guilt. Although this English term in modern usage often refers to a subjective feeling (self-reproach, awareness of having done something wrong), in biblical contexts it indicates the legal and moral condition that results from sin, that is, from a violation of God’s law as expressed through the covenant.
Key passages
Ge 3:8–10

Then they heard the sound of Yahweh God walking in the garden at the windy time of day. And the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Yahweh God among the trees of the garden. And Yahweh God called to the man and said to him, “Where are you?” And he replied, “I heard …

Ps 51:3–5

For I myself know my transgressions, and my sin is ever before me. Against you, only you, I have sinned and have done this evil in your eyes, so that you are correct when you speak, you are blameless when you judge. Behold, in iniquity I was born, and in sin my mother conceived me. …

Mt 27:3–5

Then when Judas, the one who had betrayed him, saw that he had been condemned, he regretted what he had done and returned the thirty silver coins to the chief priests and elders, saying, “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood!” But they said, “What is that …

Jn 15:22–25

If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have sin. But now they do not have a valid excuse for their sin. The one who hates me hates my Father also. If I had not done among them the works that no one else did, they would not have sin. But now they have both seen and hated both me …

1 Jn 3:19–20

By this we know that we are of the truth and will convince our heart before him, that if our heart condemns us, that God is greater than our heart and knows all things.