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Guests at Ptolemy IV's Banquet
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Fourth king of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt; oldest son and successor of Ptolemy III and Berenice II. His reign is considered the beginning of the decline of the Ptolemaic Empire.Ptolemy IV faced aggression from the Seleucid ruler Antiochus III the Great, who launched the Fourth Syrian War (222–217 bc) in order to regain Seleucid territories that had been lost to the Ptolemies in early wars. Ptolemy defeated him at Raphia in Gaza with the assistance of 20,000 Egyptian troops (see Dan 11:11–12). Following the Fourth Syrian War, Egypt entered a period of national unrest under Ptolemy IV. Upper Egypt eventually seceded and was ruled by Nubian kings for 30 years (207–187 bc).Third Maccabees tells unflattering stories about Ptolemy IV’s failed attempt to enter the Jerusalem temple and his subsequent vengeful attack on the Jews of Alexandria (3 Macc 1–7). While these stories are likely exaggerated, they suggest that Ptolemy IV may have restricted some Jewish practices during his reign.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ptolemy IV
Ptolemy IV Philopator (ca. 240–204 bc). Fourth king of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt; oldest son and successor of Ptolemy III and Berenice II. His reign is considered the beginning of the decline of the Ptolemaic Empire.Ptolemy IV faced aggression from the Seleucid ruler Antiochus III the Great, who
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Ptolemy (Person)
PTOLEMY (PERSON) [Gk Ptolemaios (Πτολεμαιος)]. A name of Macedonian origin (Gk ptolemaios “warlike”) borne by the founder and, as a dynastic name, by all subsequent rulers of the line of Greek-speaking kings who ruled Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great (323 b.c.) until the country’s annexation
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ptolemy
4. Ptolemy IV Philopator (father-loving) (b 238), son of Ptolemy III and Bernice II; husband of Arsinoe III; king 221–203 b.c. His debauched life of wine and women (Polybius v.87; xiv.12) marked the beginning of the Ptolemaic decline. The Fourth Syrian War (219–217) commenced when Antiochus III invaded
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Ptolemy
Ptolemy (tol´uh-mee), the dynastic name of the kings who ruled Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great.1 Ptolemy I, “Soter” (d. 283/2 bce), founder of the dynasty. He established the administrative and military structure of Egypt. He also created a hellenized Egyptian cult around the god Serapis
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ptolemy
Ptolemy (Gk. Ptolemaɩ́os)1. Ptolemy I Soter ([323]305–282 b.c.e.) was a worthy founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty (his father was Lagus, which is why the dynasty is sometimes called the Lagids). He was a true polymath, not only being a general and strategist of considerable ability but also a statesman
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
PTOLEMY
PTOLEMY tol´uh-mee [Πτολεμαῖος Ptolemaios]. The Ptolemaic Dynasty ruled Egypt from the death of ALEXANDER THE GREAT (323 bce) until the final defeat and death of CLEOPATRA VII in 30 bce at the hands of the Romans. Over this period of almost three centuries, all fifteen of the kings were called “Ptolemy,”
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