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Grief
Sadness or sorrow.
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Grief
Grief. Emotional suffering brought on by bereavement, mishap, or disaster. To grieve is either to cause or feel sorrow or distress. The concept is found in the Scriptures under a variety of circumstances. Isaac and Rebekah experienced grief when their son Esau married a Hittite woman (Gn 26:35 kjv).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Grief; Grieve
Grief; Grieve [Heb. kaʿas (Ps. 6:7 [MT 8]; 31:9 [MT 10]; Prov. 17:25), kaʿaś (Job 17:7), tûg̱â (Prov. 14:13; 17:21), o (Isa. 53:3f), ḥālâ (Ps. 77:10 [MT 11]; Isa. 17:11; 53:10; Am. 6:6), pûqâ (“cause of grief,” 1 S. 25:31), yāg̱ôn (Jer. 8:18), hiphil and piel of yāg̱â (Lam. 3:32f),
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Grief
GRIEF Emotional suffering brought on by bereavement, mishap, or disaster. To grieve is either to cause or feel sorrow or distress. The concept is found in the Scriptures under a variety of circumstances. Isaac and Rebekah experienced grief when their son Esau married a Hittite woman (Gn 26:35). God mourned
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Grief
GRIEF. Grief can be caused by many things, hence the use of a variety of words, most of which reflect the cause of the particular grief. All told, there are about 20 words in the Bible which have been translated “grief” in the KJV. In the RSV an attempt has been made to translate these in such manner
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Grief
GRIEF — an emotion of sorrow; the experience of emotional distress or pain. Today the word grief is usually used to express what a person feels in periods of intense sadness, as in the time of death. But the Bible uses the word more freely and, more often than not, in reference to things other than death.
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Grief
GriefThe Bible gives us memorable images of grief, from Job sitting in ashes to the Suffering Servant of Isaiah, rejected even as he bears the grief of others. The English word grief translates several Hebrew and Greek words and today refers primarily to mental suffering. But in scriptural usage it
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GRIEF; GRIEVE
GRIEF; GRIEVE<gref>, <grev>: There are some 20 Hebrew words translated in the King James Version by “grief,” “grieve,” “to be grieved,” etc. Among the chief are [חָלָה‎, chalah], [חֳלִי‎, choli], [יָגוֹן‎, yaghon], [כַּעַס‎, kàac], [עָצַב‎, atsabh]. They differ, partly, in their physical origin, and
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Grief and Mourning
GRIEF AND MOURNING Practices and emotions associated with the experience of the death of a loved one or of another catastrophe or tragedy. When death is mentioned in the Bible, frequently it relates to the experience of the bereaved, who always respond immediately, outwardly, and without reserve. So
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Grief
grief. This English term is used variously by Bible translations to render a large number of Hebrew words and expressions (e.g., kaʿas H4088, 1 Sam. 1:16 NIV, but NRSV “vexation”; conversely, Ps. 6:7 NRSV, but NIV “sorrow”). It occurs less frequently in the NT, usually as the rendering of Greek lypē
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Grief, Grave
GRIEF, grēf, GRIEVE, grēv: There are some 20 Heb words trd in AV by “grief,” “grieve,” “to be grieved,” etc. Among the chief are חָלָה‎, ḥālāh, חֳלִי‎, ḥŏlī, יָגוֹן‎, yāghōn, כַּעַס‎, ka‛aṣ, עָצַב‎, ‛āçabh. They differ, partly, in their physical origin, and partly, in the nature and cause of the
Key passages
Ps 34:18

Yahweh is near to those who are heartbroken and saves those who are crushed in spirit.

Ps 137:1

By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat, yes, we wept, when we remembered Zion.

Mt 5:4

Blessed are the ones who mourn, because they will be comforted.

Lk 19:41–42

And when he approached and saw the city, he wept over it, saying, “If you had known on this day—even you—the things that make for peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes.

Jn 11:33–35

Then Jesus, when he saw her weeping and the Jews who came with her weeping, was deeply moved in spirit and was troubled within himself. And he said, “Where have you laid him?” They said to him, “Lord, come and see.” Jesus wept.

See also
Ge 6:1–8; Ge 21:8–21; Ge 23:1–20; Ge 27:30–40; Ge 37:12–36; Ge 42:1–44:17; Ge 48:1–22; Ge 49:29–50:14; Ex 12:29–30; Ex 33:1–6; Le 21:1–24; Le 26:14–46; Nu 14:39–45; Nu 20:22–29; Nu 25:1–18; Dt 1:34–46; Dt 14:1–2; Dt 21:10–14; Dt 28:25–68; Dt 34:1–12; Jos 7:1–9; Jdg 2:1–6; Jdg 11:34–40; Jdg 20:18–36; Jdg 21:1–25; Ru 1:1–22; 1 Sa 1:1–18; 1 Sa 2:22–36; 1 Sa 4:19–22; 1 Sa 7:2–17; 1 Sa 11:1–15; 1 Sa 15:10–35; 1 Sa 25:1; 1 Sa 30:1–31:13; 2 Sa 1:1–27; 2 Sa 3:6–21; 2 Sa 3:31–39; 2 Sa 11:1–27; 2 Sa 12:16–25; 2 Sa 13:1–14:24; 2 Sa 15:13–37; 2 Sa 18:19–19:8; 2 Sa 21:1–14; 1 Ki 13:11–14:18; 2 Ki 4:8–37; 2 Ki 8:7–15; 2 Ki 13:14–21; 2 Ki 19:1–7; 2 Ki 20:1–11; 2 Ki 22:3–20; 1 Ch 7:20–29; 1 Ch 10:1–14; 1 Ch 21:1–30; 2 Ch 6:12–42; 2 Ch 35:20–27; Ezr 3:8–13; Ezr 10:1–17; Ne 1:1–11; Ne 8:1–12; Ne 9:1–21; Es 4:1–17; Es 6:1–14; Job 1:13–22; Job 2:11–3:26; Job 13:20–14:22; Job 16:1–22; Job 29:1–30:31; Ps 5:1–12; Ps 6:1–10; Ps 10:1–18; Ps 12:1–8; Ps 13:1–6; Ps 14:1–7; Ps 16:1–11; Ps 17:1–15; Ps 22:1–31; Ps 25:1–22; Ps 30:1–12; Ps 31:1–24; Ps 32:1–11; Ps 34:1–22; Ps 35:1–28; Ps 42:1–43:5; Ps 44:1–26; Ps 53:1–6; Ps 54:1–7; Ps 55:1–23; Ps 56:1–13; Ps 60:1–12; Ps 69:1–36; Ps 74:1–23; Ps 77:1–20; Ps 78:56–72; Ps 82:1–8; Ps 86:1–17; Ps 88:1–18; Ps 90:1–17; Ps 94:1–23; Ps 102:1–28; Ps 106:24–48; Ps 107:23–43; Ps 119:25–32; Ps 119:129–144; Ps 120:1–7; Ps 126:1–6; Ps 130:1–8; Ps 137:1–9; Ps 141:1–10; Ps 143:1–12; Ps 147:1–20; Pr 10:1; Pr 10:22; Pr 14:13; Pr 15:13; Pr 17:21–22; Pr 17:25; Pr 23:29–35; Pr 25:20; Ec 1:12–18; Ec 2:12–3:8; Ec 3:16–4:3; Ec 7:1–8:1; Is 3:13–4:1; Is 13:1–22; Is 14:28–17:14; Is 19:1–17; Is 22:1–14; Is 23:1–25:12; Is 29:1–8; Is 30:18–26; Is 33:1–9; Is 37:1–7; Is 38:1–22; Is 50:1–11; Is 52:13–53:12; Is 65:17–25; Is 66:5–13; Je 3:6–4:31; Je 6:1–30; Je 7:28–8:3; Je 8:18–9:26; Je 10:17–25; Je 13:15–14:18; Je 15:1–18; Je 16:1–13; Je 20:7–18; Je 21:11–22:23; Je 23:9–40; Je 25:15–38; Je 31:1–22; Je 34:1–7; Je 45:1–5; Je 48:1–49:27; Je 50:1–20; Je 51:1–11; La 1:1–3:21; La 3:43–66; La 5:1–22; Eze 2:1–3:15; Eze 7:1–9:11; Eze 19:1–14; Eze 21:1–27; Eze 23:22–35; Eze 24:15–27; Eze 26:1–27:36; Eze 28:11–19; Eze 30:1–19; Eze 31:1–32:32; Da 6:18–23; Da 9:1–19; Da 10:1–9; Ho 7:11–16; Ho 9:1–10:15; Joe 1:2–20; Joe 2:12–17; Am 5:1–3; Am 5:16–27; Am 8:1–14; Jon 3:5–10; Mic 1:8–16; Mic 7:1–7; Na 3:1–19; Zec 11:1–3; Zec 12:10–14; Mal 2:10–17; Mt 2:16–18; Mt 5:1–12; Mt 9:18–26; Mt 11:20–24; Mt 13:36–43; Mt 13:47–50; Mt 14:13–21; Mt 17:22–23; Mt 19:16–26; Mt 22:1–14; Mt 23:37–39; Mt 24:27–31; Mt 24:45–51; Mt 26:20–25; Mt 26:36–46; Mt 26:69–75; Mk 5:35–43; Mk 10:17–22; Mk 14:17–21; Mk 14:32–42; Mk 14:66–72; Mk 16:9–18; Lk 6:20–26; Lk 7:11–16; Lk 7:36–39; Lk 8:49–56; Lk 13:22–35; Lk 18:18–27; Lk 19:28–44; Lk 22:39–46; Lk 22:54–62; Lk 23:26–49; Lk 24:13–32; Jn 11:17–37; Jn 15:26–16:33; Jn 20:11–18; Ac 8:1–3; Ac 9:36–43; Ac 20:17–38; Ro 9:1–5; Ro 12:9–21; 1 Co 5:1–8; 1 Co 7:25–40; 2 Co 1:3–7; 2 Co 2:3–11; 2 Co 6:1–10; 2 Co 7:2–12; Eph 4:25–32; Php 2:25–30; Php 3:17–4:1; 2 Ti 1:3–7; Heb 5:5–11; Jas 4:7–10; Jas 5:1–6; 1 Pe 1:3–12; Re 5:1–7; Re 18:1–20; Re 21:1–8;
See also