Greeks seeking Jesus
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Versatile description used to identify several geographic and/or cultural groups, including:• The peoples who inhabited the lower Balkan Peninsula (Greece) before uniting as a nation-state around 334 bc;• People throughout the eastern Mediterranean who adopted Hellenistic culture after Alexander the Great’s conquests (d. 323 bc);• People who are not Jews.Greeks receive few mentions in the Old Testament, but the New Testament often uses the term as a synonym for Gentiles (e.g., 1 Cor 1:21–24).
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Greeks (יְוָנִים‎, yewanim; Ἕλληνες, Hellēnes). Versatile description used to identify several geographic and/or cultural groups, including:• The peoples who inhabited the lower Balkan Peninsula (Greece) before uniting as a nation-state around 334 bc;• People throughout the eastern Mediterranean who
Historical Jesus, Quest for the
Jesus, Historical, Quest for Overviews the scholarly pursuit to create the best reconstruction of Jesus’ life and teachings through the use of the best readings of the most recent historical data.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַםִ‎, yerushalami). The capital city of biblical Israel, and later of the southern kingdom of Judah. The central location for Israel’s self-understanding of life under God.
Jerusalem, Critical Issues
Jerusalem, Archaeology of Introduction to the archaeological data concerning Jerusalem in the Middle Bronze Age and the Iron Age.
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ (ca. 5/4 bcad 30/33). According to the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the incarnate Word of God, the Creator and Savior of the world, the founder of Christianity, and the sinless exemplar of its principles and practices. “Jesus”—His personal name—is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Jeshua” (or
Jesus in the Talmud
Jesus in the Talmud Discusses the debate over purported references to Jesus of Nazareth in classical rabbinic literature such as the Talmud.
Jesus, Canonical
Jesus, Canonical Approach to The portrayal of Jesus according to the accounts of the canonical Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). These texts present the story of Jesus as the climax of salvation history, within the context of God’s dealings with Israel, and in support of the Christian Church’s
Passover (פִּסְחָא‎, pischa'; פֶּסַח‎, pesach; Πάσχα, Pascha). A sacred observance in Judaism that commemorates the climactic 10th plague in the book of Exodus, when Yahweh punishes Egypt by killing all the firstborn but “passes over” (פָּסַח‎, pasach) the firstborn of Israel (Exod 12:12–13), resulting
Qumran and Jesus
Qumran and Jesus Explores the parallels between Jesus and the Qumran community.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Jerusalem (Place)
JERUSALEM (PLACE) [Heb yĕrûšālayim (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם)]. Pliny the Elder described Jerusalem as “by far the most renowned city of the ancient East” (HN V:14). Jerusalem is best known as the “holy city” (Isa 52:1), sacred to the three great monotheistic religions. Few subjects have generated so large
Jesus (Person)
JESUS (PERSON) [Gk Iēsous (Ἰησους)]. Several persons mentioned in the Bible bear this name, which is a Greek form of Joshua (Heb yĕhôšûaʿ; cf. the Gk of Luke 3:29; Acts 7:45; Heb 4:8). One of these is the son of Sirach, who wrote the deuterocanonical book of Ecclesiasticus; see WISDOM OF BEN-SIRA.
Unleavened Bread and Passover, Feasts of
UNLEAVENED BREAD AND PASSOVER, FEASTS OF. “Passover” is the name of the sacrifice that is slaughtered on the 14th day of Nisan and eaten toward evening, at the end of the day or soon after sunset marking the beginning of the 15th day of Nisan. Scripture presents the Passover as the key element of a rite
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Greece, Greeks
Greece, Greeks. Location and inhabitants of a country in southeastern Europe. The biblical references to Greece and Greeks are often ambiguous. In the OT some references have been understood to mean Greece or Greeks. Javan, the fourth son of Japheth in the table of the nations (Gn 10) seems to fit a
Jerusalem. Historic city sacred to Christians, Jews, and Muslims; the chief city of ancient Palestine and of the modern state of Israel.
Passover. Important Jewish festival celebrating Israel’s redemption from Egypt.See Feasts and Festivals of Israel; Meals, Significance of.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Greeks grēks GRECIANS grēʹshənz [Heb. benê hayyewānîm] (Joel 3:6 [MT 4:6], AV); [Gk. Hellēn, Hellēnis] (Jn. 12:20; Acts 14:1; Rom. 1:14; etc.); AV also GRECIANS. The word for Greeks occurs only once in the OT. (For references to Greece in the OT see Greece XII; Javan.) In the AV of the Apocrypha
Jerusalem jə-roo̅ʹsə-ləm:-l:m [Heb. yerûšālayim, yerûšālēm—‘city of wholeness’; Gk. Ierosalēm, Hierosolyma]. The principal city of ancient Israel, location of the temple, capital of the kingdom of Judah, chief city of nascent Judaism, the city where Jesus Christ was tried and crucified,
Passover [Heb. pesaḥ; Gk. páscha; cf. Aram pisḥāʾ; note also Eng. “paschal”]. A major festival held in the spring to commemorate Israel’s deliverance from Egypt. The term is often used of the entire festival celebration (e.g., Ex. 12:48; 2 K. 23:21). It may also designate the Passover sacrifice
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Greece, Greek
GREECE, GREEK The biblical references to Greece and the Greek people are often ambiguous. In the OT some references have been understood to mean Greece or the Greeks. Javan, the fourth son of Japheth in the “table of nations” (Gn 10), seems to fit a Greek identification (1 Chr 1:5, 7; Is 66:19; Ez 27:13).
JERUSALEM Historic city sacred to Christians, Jews, and Muslims; the chief city of ancient Palestine and of the modern state of Israel.PreviewMeaning of the NameGeographical SituationHistoryMeaning of the NameEgyptian Meaning The earliest mention of the name occurs in the Egyptian Execration
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST Messiah, Savior, and founder of the Christian church.In providing a biography of Jesus Christ it must be borne in mind that each of the Gospels has its own distinctive purpose. Matthew, for instance, presents Jesus as the messianic King, whereas the emphasis in Mark is more on Jesus as
PASSOVER Important Jewish festival celebrating Israel’s redemption from Egypt. See Feasts and Festivals of Israel; Meals, Significance of.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Greek, Greeks
Greek, Greeks.1 As a substantive adjective, the word “Greek” sometimes refers to the Greek language (Acts 9:36; 21:37; Rev. 9:11). The inscription attached to Jesus’s cross was written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek (John 19:20). See also Greek language.2 As a substantive adjective referring to people,
JerusalemTopography: Situated on the crest of the Judean mountains some twenty miles west of the Dead Sea’s northern end and thirty miles east of the Mediterranean Sea, the biblical city of Jerusalem (ji-roo´suh-luhm) was built over two hills ranging from 2,300 to 2,500 feet above sea level and surrounded
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christjesus christ is the central figure of the nt: every book is written because of him and, in some sense, about him. Within the nt itself, he is spoken of in two distinct ways.(1) The nt describes and reflects upon a man named Jesus who lived in Galilee and was eventually crucified in Jerusalem;
Passover (pas´oh-vuhr), a religious festival commemorating God’s deliverance of the Jews from slavery. The English term translates the Hebrew word pesakh as used in Exod. 12:13, “I will pass over you, and no plague shall destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt” (see also vv. 23, 27). In the Bible,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
City of God
CITY OF GOD1. A term used to describe Jerusalem (Ps 46:4; 48:1, 8). It was the city which God chose to be His habitation among the tribes of Israel (Deut 12:5). See Jerusalem.2. This term is used also to describe heaven, or the New Jerusalem (Heb 11:10; 12:21; Rev 3:12; 21; 22). See Jerusalem, New.
GRECIANS1. Used in the OT once (Joel 3:6, KJV) for “the sons of Javanim.” Javan being the Heb. word for Ionia or Greece.The contacts of Jews with Greeks in Ot times were limited but became considerable in the period between the Testaments. By the beginning of the Christian era the three centers of
JERUSALEM. This city has been aptly called the “spiritual capital of the world,”. judgment underscored by the United Nations’ resolution of 1947 to designate it an international holy city. To students of the Bible and of history it is perhaps the world’s most fascinating community, being one the world’s
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST. Jesus Christ is unique in several respects, not the least of which is the fact that in Him alone centers the gospel of the grace of God. He has changed the face of history, for in Him eternity has invaded time, God has become man, and human life has achieved through His redemption a significance
PASSOVER. The festival instituted by God for Israel at the time of the Exodus in order to commemorate the night when Yahweh spared all the firstborn of the Israelites but struck dead all those of the Egyptians (Ex 12:1–30, 43–49).The Heb. word pesaḥ (Gr. pascha) is of uncertain origin. G. E. Mendenhall
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
GREEKS. Two words are used in the NT: Hellēnes and Hellēnistai. The term Hellēnes refers to the inhabitants of Greece or their descendants (cf. Acts 16:1; Rom. 1:14). It is also used, as a virtual equivalent of ‘Gentile’, to describe those who are not of Jewish origin (cf. Rom. 10:12; Gal. 3:28).
PASSOVER. The Passover of Ex. 12 concerns (1) the original historic event of Israel’s deliverance from Egyp. bondage; (2) the later recurrent institutional commemoration of that event (Mishnah Pesaḥim 9:5). Closely conjoined, though separate, are (3) the prohibition of *leaven, symbolizing the haste
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Jerusalem (Heb. yĕrûšālayim)The primary city of ancient Israel, capital of Judah and the United Monarchy.
Jesus Christ
Jesus ChristThe founder of what became the Christian movement. For greater specificity, in his lifetime he was called “Jesus son of Joseph” (Luke 4:22; John 1:45; 6:42), “Jesus of Nazareth” (Acts 10:38), or “Jesus the Nazarene” (Mark 1:24; Luke 24:19 [some translations do not distinguish “the Nazarene”
Passover, Feast Of
Passover, Feast ofA ritual observance of Israel that celebrates Yahweh’s deliverance of the community from Egypt. The observance took place on the 14th day of Nisan (Apr.–May; Abib in older calendars) and included the slaughter of a lamb and its consumption in a meal shared by the whole family. Passover
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Jerusalem [jə rōōˊ sə ləm] (Heb. yerûšālayim, yerûšālēm “city of peace, wholeness [or “Salem”]”).† The city of David, capital of Judah and the united monarchy; holy city of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Passover (Heb. pesaḥ; Gk. páscha; cf. Aram. pisḥā˒),† The spring festival of the Jewish liturgical calendar that commemorates God’s deliverance of the Israelites from Egyptian bondage.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
JERUSALEMthe canaanite and israelite citythe site The principal remains of biblical Jerusalem have been uncovered on the City of David, the hill overlooking the Gihon Spring (the Virgin’s Fountain in the Kidron Valley. This section of the City of David is bordered on the north by the Temple Mount,
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
JESUS ἸησοῦςI. Iēsous is the Greek form of the Hebrew personal name yĕhōšūʿa stamped after its postexilic variant yēšūʿa. The votive name means “Yahweh is help (salvation)” as rightly interpreted by Philo, Mut. 121. It is derived from the root yšʿ, frequent in other Hebrew and Semitic personal
See also