Greeks (יְוָנִים, yewanim; Ἕλληνες, Hellēnes). Versatile description used to identify several geographic and/or cultural groups, including:• The peoples who inhabited the lower Balkan Peninsula (Greece) before uniting as a nation-state around 334 bc;• People throughout the eastern Mediterranean who
Historical Jesus, Quest for the
Jesus, Historical, Quest for Overviews the scholarly pursuit to create the best reconstruction of Jesus’ life and teachings through the use of the best readings of the most recent historical data.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַםִ, yerushalami). The capital city of biblical Israel, and later of the southern kingdom of Judah. The central location for Israel’s self-understanding of life under God.
Jerusalem, Critical Issues
Jerusalem, Archaeology of Introduction to the archaeological data concerning Jerusalem in the Middle Bronze Age and the Iron Age.
Jesus Christ (ca. 5/4 bc–ad 30/33). According to the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the incarnate Word of God, the Creator and Savior of the world, the founder of Christianity, and the sinless exemplar of its principles and practices. “Jesus”—His personal name—is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Jeshua” (or
Jesus in the Talmud
Jesus, Canonical Approach to The portrayal of Jesus according to the accounts of the canonical Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). These texts present the story of Jesus as the climax of salvation history, within the context of God’s dealings with Israel, and in support of the Christian Church’s
Passover (פִּסְחָא, pischa'; פֶּסַח, pesach; Πάσχα, Pascha). A sacred observance in Judaism that commemorates the climactic 10th plague in the book of Exodus, when Yahweh punishes Egypt by killing all the firstborn but “passes over” (פָּסַח, pasach) the firstborn of Israel (Exod 12:12–13), resulting
Qumran and Jesus
Qumran and Jesus Explores the parallels between Jesus and the Qumran community.