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Greeks
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Versatile description used to identify several geographic and/or cultural groups, including:• The peoples who inhabited the lower Balkan Peninsula (Greece) before uniting as a nation-state around 334 bc;• People throughout the eastern Mediterranean who adopted Hellenistic culture after Alexander the Great’s conquests (d. 323 bc);• People who are not Jews.Greeks receive few mentions in the Old Testament, but the New Testament often uses the term as a synonym for Gentiles (e.g., 1 Cor 1:21–24).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Greeks
Greeks (יְוָנִים‎, yewanim; Ἕλληνες, Hellēnes). Versatile description used to identify several geographic and/or cultural groups, including:• The peoples who inhabited the lower Balkan Peninsula (Greece) before uniting as a nation-state around 334 bc;• People throughout the eastern Mediterranean who
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Greece, Greeks
Greece, Greeks. Location and inhabitants of a country in southeastern Europe. The biblical references to Greece and Greeks are often ambiguous. In the OT some references have been understood to mean Greece or Greeks. Javan, the fourth son of Japheth in the table of the nations (Gn 10) seems to fit a
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Greeks
Greeks grēks GRECIANS grēʹshənz [Heb. benê hayyewānîm] (Joel 3:6 [MT 4:6], AV); [Gk. Hellēn, Hellēnis] (Jn. 12:20; Acts 14:1; Rom. 1:14; etc.); AV also GRECIANS. The word for Greeks occurs only once in the OT. (For references to Greece in the OT see Greece XII; Javan.) In the AV of the Apocrypha
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Greece, Greek
GREECE, GREEK The biblical references to Greece and the Greek people are often ambiguous. In the OT some references have been understood to mean Greece or the Greeks. Javan, the fourth son of Japheth in the “table of nations” (Gn 10), seems to fit a Greek identification (1 Chr 1:5, 7; Is 66:19; Ez 27:13).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Greek, Greeks
Greek, Greeks.1 As a substantive adjective, the word “Greek” sometimes refers to the Greek language (Acts 9:36; 21:37; Rev. 9:11). The inscription attached to Jesus’s cross was written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek (John 19:20). See also Greek language.2 As a substantive adjective referring to people,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Grecians
GRECIANS1. Used in the OT once (Joel 3:6, KJV) for “the sons of Javanim.” Javan being the Heb. word for Ionia or Greece.The contacts of Jews with Greeks in Ot times were limited but became considerable in the period between the Testaments. By the beginning of the Christian era the three centers of
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Greeks
GREEKS. Two words are used in the NT: Hellēnes and Hellēnistai. The term Hellēnes refers to the inhabitants of Greece or their descendants (cf. Acts 16:1; Rom. 1:14). It is also used, as a virtual equivalent of ‘Gentile’, to describe those who are not of Jewish origin (cf. Rom. 10:12; Gal. 3:28).
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Greece Greeks Grecians
Greece, Greeks, Gre´cians. The histories of Greece and Palestine are little connected with each other. In Gen. 10:2–5 Moses mentions the descendants of Javan as peopling the isles of the Gentiles; and when the Hebrews came into contact with the Ionians of Asia Minor, and recognized them as the long-lost
Grecian
Gre´cian. The term Grecian, or Hellenist, denotes a Jew by birth or religion who spoke Greek. It is used chiefly of foreign Jews and proselytes in contrast with the Hebrews speaking the vernacular Hebrew or Aramæan.—Bible Dictionary of Tract Society.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Greeks
GREEKS. In the OT, inhabitants of Greece and the coastlands and islands belonging to the Greek race; in the NT, Hellenists, or Greek-speaking Jews.In the OT Javan (Heb. yāwān) is translated “Greece” (cf. Dan. 10:20; 11:2, marg.); in Joel 3:6, ywānı̂m is translated “Greeks” (marg., “Sons of Javan”).
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Grecians
GreciansHellenists, Greek-Jews; Jews born in a foreign country, and thus did not speak Hebrew (Acts 6:1; 9:29), nor join in the Hebrew services of the Jews in Palestine, but had synagogues of their own in Jerusalem. Joel 3:6 =Greeks.
Greek
GreekFound only in the New Testament, where a distinction is observed between “Greek” and “Grecian” (q.v.). The former is (1) a Greek by race (Acts 16:1–3; 18:17; Rom. 1:14), or (2) a Gentile as opposed to a Jew (Rom. 2:9, 10). The latter, meaning properly “one who speaks Greek,” is a foreign Jew opposed
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Greeks
GreeksGreeks, persons of Greek descent, language, and culture as opposed to non-Greek ‘barbarians.’ In a broader sense, persons, whatever their origins, who had come under the influence of Greek culture and who lived in the hellenized cities of the Roman Empire as opposed to the rustic, rural population
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GRECIANS; GREEKS
GRECIANS; GREEKS<gre’-shanz>, <greks>: In the Old Testament the word “Grecians” occurs but once (Joel 3 (4):6). For references to Greece in the Old Testament see JAVAN. In the King James Version of the Old Testament Apocrypha “Grecians” and “Greeks” are used without distinction, e.g. 1 Macc
GREECE, SONS OF
GREECE, SONS OF“I will stir up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and will make thee as the sword of a mighty man” (Zec 9:13). The passage doubtless refers to the captive Hebrews who are held by the Greeks. The exhortation is to insurrection against the Greeks. Although bearing a striking