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Greek Language
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Examines the origins of Greek and its usage in the ancient world, with particular attention to implications for the New Testament, composed in the first century ad, and the Septuagint (LXX), the Greek translation of the Old Testament, which dates from the first quarter of the third century bc.Greek is part of the Indo-European family of languages. Extant inscriptions in Greek go back to the 14th century bc, making it one of the oldest human languages still in use.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Greek Language
Greek Language Examines the origins of Greek and its usage in the ancient world, with particular attention to implications for the New Testament, composed in the first century ad, and the Septuagint (LXX), the Greek translation of the Old Testament, which dates from the first quarter of the third century
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Greek Language
GREEK LANGUAGE Language of the Greek people.The Greek language is a beautiful, rich, and well-tuned instrument of communication. It is a fitting tool both for vigorous thought and for religious devotion. During its classical period, Greek was the language of one of the world’s greatest cultures. During
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Greek Language
Greek language. All the books of the nt were written in Greek, or more precisely in a dialect called Koine (“common”) Greek or Hellenistic Greek. Koine Greek was a “common” dialect in two senses of the word. First, it became the most commonly used language of late antiquity, serving as the lingua franca
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Greek Language
GREEK LANGUAGE. Gr is an Indo-European language probably coming through the Sanskrit dialect, which shows a close relation to classical Gr.The Literary period began with Homer (c. 850 b.c.), who ushered in the classical period running to Alexander the Great (330 b.c.). This period had many dialects
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Greek
GreekAn inflected language in which the marking of words with prefixes and suffixes encodes the syntactical structure of the sentence. Verbs are marked to express tense, mood, voice, person, and number, while adjectives, articles, pronouns, and nouns can be marked to reflect gender, number, and case.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Greek
Greek. †The language of Greece and its colonies; following the conquests of Alexander the Great the lingua franca of the Hellenistic world. The second oldest branch of the Indoeuropean family, Greek is attested as early as the mid-second millennium B.C. It attained its classical form in the period
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Greek Language
GREEK LANGUAGE The language of the New Testament, as well as of certain deuterocanonical books of the Old Testament (see also Septuagint).The language in which the entire NT was composed was common Greek (but see Matthew, Gospel of), known as koine (Greek koinē). Koine Greek served as the lingua franca
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Greek of the New Testament
GREEK OF THE NEW TESTAMENTThe NT, apart from a few Aramaic and/or Hebrew words and phrases, is written in a form of ancient Greek. This Greek, however, is not the Greek of the classical writers, such as Plato, Thucydides or the tragedians, but is that of the Greek of the Greco-Roman world of the first
Manuscripts, Greek New Testament
MANUSCRIPTS, GREEK NEW TESTAMENTThere are approximately fifty-five hundred manuscripts of the Greek NT, depending upon how they are counted. The number is larger than for any other ancient Greek or Latin author or book. This wealth of material for reconstructing the text of the NT, as well as tracing
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Greek
Greek. (biblical and patristic). The basis of the Greek of both the *Septuagint and the NT is the Hellenistic Greek (known as the Κοινή or ‘Common’ dialect) which spread over the Near East as the result of the conquests of Alexander the Great (d. 323 bc). This was a simplified form of Attic Greek,
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Greek, New Testament
Greek, New TestamentGreek, New Testament.Historical Context: The twenty-seven books of the nt were written in a dialect of the ancient Greek language called Koine or Hellenistic Greek. All living languages are historically contingent: their vocabulary and syntax are constantly changing in response
Pocket Dictionary of Liturgy & Worship
Greek
Greek. The original language of the NT (specifically koinē, “common” Greek) and of much of the ancient church in general (even the early Roman church).
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Greek Language
GREEK LANGUAGE Greek was spoken broadly across the Roman Empire. Alexander the Great (336–323 b.c.) conquered the known world and stimulated the spread of Greek culture, including the Greek language. This Hellenization established many characteristics of the Western world. Early Greek independent city-states
Key passages
Lk 1:1–4

Since many have attempted to compile an account concerning the events that have been fulfilled among us, just as those who were eyewitnesses and servants of the word from the beginning passed on to us, it seemed best to me also—because I have followed all things carefully …

Jn 19:20

So many of the Jews read this notice, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city. And it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek.