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Greece
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Geographically located at the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula; also included the western regions of Asia Minor and many islands in the Aegean Sea. Ancient Greece was a country composed primarily of Greek speaking inhabitants (Ἐλληνες, Ellēnes) of many regions and dialects. Only a few references to Greece exist in the Old Testament. By the time of the New Testament, Greek culture, language, and customs had spread throughout the ancient world. This “Hellenization” of the ancient world accompanied the conquests of Alexander the Great and his forcible spread of Greek culture. The Greek language was the lingua franca of the Graeco-Roman World, and the language of the New Testament itself.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Greece
Greece (Ἑλλάς, Hellas). Geographically located at the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula; also included the western regions of Asia Minor and many islands in the Aegean Sea. Ancient Greece was a country composed primarily of Greek speaking inhabitants (Ἐλληνες, Ellēnes) of many regions and dialects.
Javan
Javan (יָוָן‎, yawan). A generic term for Hellenistic or Greek-speaking people, including the Ionians of Asia Minor. The people of Javan are affiliated with Javan, son of Japheth, who seems to be credited by the Table of Nations as their eponymous ancestor (Gen 10:4). The term יָוָן‎ (yawan) also seems
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Greece (Place)
GREECE (PLACE) [Gk hē Hellas (ἡ Ἑλλας)]. The lower part of the Balkan peninsula which protrudes southward from the continent of Europe, between Italy and Turkey (Acts 20:2).A. Geographical LocationB. TerminologyC. Early Civilization (before 2000 b.c.)D. Migrations and Language (ca. 2600–1000 b.c.)
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Greece, Greeks
Greece, Greeks. Location and inhabitants of a country in southeastern Europe. The biblical references to Greece and Greeks are often ambiguous. In the OT some references have been understood to mean Greece or Greeks. Javan, the fourth son of Japheth in the table of the nations (Gn 10) seems to fit a
Javan (Place)
Javan (Place). Location commonly identified with Greece. The name is linguistically associated with Ionia, a region in westernmost Asia Minor that was colonized by Greeks. By extension Javan came to be applied to Greece itself. In most occurrences in the Greek translation of the Bible, Javan appears
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Greece
Greece [Heb. yāwān; Gk. Hellas]. A region or federation of city-states in the lower Balkan peninsula, apparently approximately the same area as modern Greece (though not politically united for most of the biblical period). I. Name II. GeographyA. Location and AreaB. MountainsC. Rivers and Lakes
Dan and Javan
Dan and Javan (Ezk. 27:19, AV). The AV here follows the difficult MT, weḏān weyāwān me’ûzzāl, “Dan also and Javan going to and fro.” The RSV translation “and wine from Uzal” is the result of the following reconstruction: (1) omission of the first word with LXX B; (2) following the LXX in
Grecia;Grecians
Grecia; Grecians AV terms for Greece (Dnl. 8:21; 10:20; 11:2; and Apocrypha) and Greeks (e.g., Joel 3:6 [MT 4:6]); see also Hellenist.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Greece, Greek
GREECE, GREEK The biblical references to Greece and the Greek people are often ambiguous. In the OT some references have been understood to mean Greece or the Greeks. Javan, the fourth son of Japheth in the “table of nations” (Gn 10), seems to fit a Greek identification (1 Chr 1:5, 7; Is 66:19; Ez 27:13).
Javan (Place)
JAVAN* (Place) Location commonly identified with Greece. The name is linguistically associated with Ionia, a region in westernmost Asia Minor that was colonized by Greeks. By extension, Javan came to be applied to Greece itself. In most occurrences in the Greek translation of the Bible, Javan appears
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Greece
Greece (grees), a country that lies at the terminus of the central mountain structure of southern Europe. Between 750 and 500 bce Greeks, pressed for land, founded numerous colonies in the Aegean, along the Black Sea, in Cyrenaica, Sicily, and southern Italy as well as Asia Minor. By 500 bce the city-state
Javan
Javan (jay´vuhn).1 The fourth son of Japheth (Gen. 10:2; 1 Chron. 1:15). His name, like the names of the fifth son (Tubal) and the sixth son (Meshech), also became the name for the area he settled.2 A region in southwest Asia Minor mentioned in Isa. 66:19 and Ezek. 27:13. In the Isaiah passage, Javan
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Greece
GREECE. The reputation of Greece as a classical land has long been established. Its distinction as a Bible land is not so well fixed. Yet Greece provides the geographical stage for much of the NT drama. Here Paul preached at the prayer meeting site at Philippi and first brought the gospel to Europe,
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Greece
GREECE. Who the Greeks were is a famous crux. Their language is Indo-European and its earliest known location is in the Mycenaean states of the Peloponnesus (as established by the decipherment of the Linear B script) in the 2nd millennium bc. When they emerge into history well into the 1st millennium
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Greece
GreeceThe regions inhabited by the ancient Greeks, including the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Anatolia (Ionia), the islands in the Aegean Sea, and Magna Graecia (the 8th-century b.c.e. Greek settlement in the coastal regions of Italy). “Greeks” here refers to the inhabitants of these areas,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Greece
Greece (Heb. yāwān; Gk. Hellas).† A major ancient civilization rooted primarily in a confederation of city-states in the southern Balkan peninsula. During the biblical period the Greeks influenced the peoples of the ancient Near East culturally and, at times, politically.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Javan; Greece
JAVAN; GREECE According to the table of nations (Gen. 10:2, 4) Javan was the son of Japhet. The earliest reference in the Bible to Javan mentions the protolonian nations, which spread over the eastern parts of the Mediterranean from about the middle of the 2nd millennium bc onwards. In the later period
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Greece
GREECE AND MACEDONAncient Greece was located on the southern portion of the Balkan peninsula, occupying much of the same area as it does today. Greek peoples could also be found on the islands of the Aegean, the coast of Asia Minor, Sicily, Crete and sometimes Cyprus. Greece was a federation of loosely
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Topics & Themes