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Great Assembly
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A mysterious 120-member group of Jewish priests, prophets, and scribes reputedly founded by Ezra when Persia ruled over Judaea (ca. 539–332 bc) during the intertestamental period. The Great Assembly was in existence for almost 200 years, from 444–270 bc.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Great Assembly
Great Assembly (הַגְּדוֹלָה כְּנֶסֶת‎, haggedolah keneseth). A mysterious 120-member group of Jewish priests, prophets, and scribes reputedly founded by Ezra when Persia ruled over Judaea (ca. 539–332 bc) during the intertestamental period. The Great Assembly was in existence for almost 200 years, from
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Great Assembly
GREAT ASSEMBLY. The Great Assembly (Heb kĕneset haggĕdôlâ, often mistranslated as the Great Synagogue) is first mentioned in m. ʾAbot 1:1 (written about 250 c.e.), where it is placed in the chain of tradents who handed down the oral torah from Moses to the post-70 rabbis. Its position in this chain
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Great Assembly
Great AssemblyGreat Assembly, a succession of Jewish scholars in the sixth to the third centuries b.c. The chain of tradition in the Mishah tractate Abot (also called Pirke Abot and the Chapter of the Fathers) traces the handing on of Torah from Moses to the rabbis of the second and third centuries.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
GREAT ASSEMBLY
GREAT ASSEMBLY. A rabbinic institution mentioned first in a MISHNAH passage (m. ̓Abot 1:1) as the repository of the Oral Torah given to Moses by God at Sinai. According to Rabbinic Judaism, the Oral Torah provided both authoritative interpretation as well as the necessary rules of interpretation (hermeneutics)