Graven image
Azabbim • False gods • Figured Stone • Idolatry • Idols • Image • Molten image • Sculptured stones • Stone image
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Graven Image
GRAVEN IMAGE. “Graven image” normally translates the Hebrew pesel or pāsı̂l. Etymologically, both words are related to the verb pāsal, “to hew or carve” (e.g., Exod 34:1; 1 Kgs 5:21 [—Eng 5:18]), and in some instances (e.g., Deut 27:15) pesel seems to refer to a carved image in contrast to one made
Idol, Idolatry
IDOL, IDOLATRY. An idol is a physical representation of a deity, usually used as an object of worship, though idols and images were used in a variety of ways throughout the ANE.A. Images in the ANEB. Images in IsraelC. Images in the NTA. Images in the ANEA major focus of worship in Mesopotamia from
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Graven Image
Graven Image. Image or representation of a deity made of wood, stone, or metal.See Idols, Idolatry.
Idols, Idolatry. Man-made images or representations worshiped as deities; any natural or manufactured objects worshiped as deity; anything receiving worship other than the one true God. Idolatry is the spiritual worship of an idol. Many idolaters literally serve idols: in ancient Egypt statues of gods
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Figured Stone
Figured Stone [Heb. ʾeḇen maśkîṯ; Gk. líthos skopós]; AV IMAGE OF STONE (Lev. 26:1), PICTURES (Nu. 33:52); NEB also CARVED FIGURE (Nu. 33:52), An object used in pagan religious worship. It probably comprised a slab of stone decorated with some carved or painted idolatrous representation such as
Idol[Heb semel (2 Ch. 33:7, 15), pesel (Isa. 40:19; 44:17; Jer. 10:14; etc.), ʾāwen (Isa. 66:3), ʿāṣāḇ (1 Ch. 10:9; 2 Ch. 24:18; Hos. 10:6; Ps. 106:36; 115:4; Isa. 10:11; etc.), ʾĕlîl (Lev. 19:4; 26:1; 1 Ch. 16:26; Ps. 96:5; 97:7; Isa. 2:8; etc.), gillûlîm (Lev. 26:30; 1 K. 15:12; Ezk. 6:4–6,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Graven Image
GRAVEN IMAGE* Image or representation of a deity made of wood, stone, or metal. See Idols, Idolatry.
Idols, Idolatry
IDOLS, IDOLATRY Man-made images or natural representations worshiped as deities; anything receiving worship other than the one true God. Idolatry is the spiritual worship of an idol. Many idolaters literally serve idols: in ancient Egypt statues of gods were regularly and ritually clothed and fed. Some
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
idol, an image or statue of a deity fashioned to be an object of worship. The English word, which has a pejorative meaning, reflects several different Hebrew words. Some of these are neutral terms, e.g., pasil or pesel, “(carved) image,” and massekah, “(cast) image.” For these the pejorative “idol” is
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Graven Image
The Egyptian god Osiris cast in bronze. LMGRAVEN IMAGE. An image (Heb. pesel) carved or sculpted from stone, wood, or metal, mentioned in the OT along with the molten image cast in a mold (e.g., Deut 27:15; Jdg 17:3–4; 2 Chr 34:3). Since the Canaanites used these as idols—as archaeological discoveries
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
IMAGE. The term denotes a material representation, usually of a deity. Unlike the term ‘idol’, which has a pejorative overtone, ‘image’ is objectively descriptive. Throughout the ancient Near East numerous images of various deities were to be found in temples and other holy places, such as open-air shrines;
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Idol, Idolatry
Idol, IdolatrySome sort of physical representation of a deity. “Idol” is used to translate a number of words in the OT, most commonly Heb. ʾĕlɩ̂lɩ̂m, gillûlɩ̂m, ʿăṣabbɩ̂m (and its one-time variant ʿōṣeḇ), pesel and the related pĕsɩ̂lɩ̂m. It also can be used to translate Heb. semel (otherwise
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
AZABBIM עצבים ‘Idols’I. The plural noun ʿăṣabbîm, ‘idols’, is derived from the verb ʿāṣab I, ‘form, fashion, shape’, which is attested in Job 10:8: “Your hands fashioned and made me” (see also Jer 44:19). The verb should not be confused with ʿāṣab II ‘to be sad, sorrowful’. The singular of the
IMAGE צלםI. The Babylonian word ṣalmu is used as the equivalent of Sum alam, dùl and nu. It refers both to statues and other symbols of gods and humans. Though occasionally preceded by the divine determinative (dingir), the image (ṣalmu) was not viewed as a god itself. A cult of a deity ‘Image’ (*Ṣulmu),
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
images. The use of any representations of men, animals, and plants, whether carved or painted, was prohibited in the Mosaic Law (Exod. 20:4), because of the danger of idolatry. In other parts of the OT, however, images are mentioned, such as the *brazen serpent made by *Moses himself (Num. 21:9), the
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Idol. An image or anything used as an object of worship in place of the true God. Among the earliest objects of worship, regarded as symbols of deity, were the meteoric stones, which the ancients believed to have been images of the gods sent down from heaven. From these they transferred their regard
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Graven Image
GRAVEN IMAGE (Heb. pesel, or pāsı̂l, a “carving”). A figure made of wood or stone (Ex. 20:4; Deut. 27:15, both KJV; marg., NASB, for “idol”), meant to represent Jehovah. See Idol; Image Worship.
Idol, Image
IDOL, IMAGE. These are the rendering of a large number of Heb. and Gk. words and may be divided as follows: (1) abstract terms, which, with a deep moral significance, express the degradation associated with, and stand out as a protest of the language against, the enormities of idolatry; (2) those that
IMAGES (Heb. maśkı̂t, an “image,” Lev. 26:1; “picture,” Num. 33:52). “The room of his carved images” (“the chambers of his imagery,” KJV; NIV has “idol”) is an expression found in Ezek. 8:12 in the description given by the prophet of the vision shown him of the Temple. The prophet appears to have been
Key passages
Ex 20:3–5

“There shall be for you no other gods before me. “You shall not make for yourself a divine image with any form that is in the heavens above or that is in the earth below or that is in the water below the earth. You will not bow down to them, and you will not serve them, because I am Yahweh your …

Ex 32:3–8

And all the people took off the rings of gold that were on their ears and brought it to Aaron. And he took from their hand, and he shaped it with a tool, and he made it a cast-image bull calf, and they said, “These are your gods, Israel, who brought you up from the land of Egypt.” And Aaron …

Le 19:4

You must not turn to idols, and you must not make for yourselves gods of cast metal; I am Yahweh your God.

Le 26:1

“ ‘You shall not make for yourselves idols and divine images, and you shall not raise up stone pillars for yourselves, and you shall not put a sculptured stone in your land in order to worship before it, because I am Yahweh your God.

Is 40:18–20

And to whom will you liken God? And to what likeness will you compare him? A craftsman pours out the idol, and a goldsmith overlays it with gold, and he smelts chains of silver. The one who is too impoverished for a gift chooses wood that will not rot; he seeks a skillful artisan for …

See also
Topics & Themes