Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Gracious or merciful behavior of a more powerful person toward another. Displayed by the Lord toward humankind and by people towards each other in the Old Testament. Used to describe God or Christ in their merciful character or actions toward humankind in the New Testament. Spiritual gifts are described as “graces.” A literary device used at the beginning or end of many New Testament letters.
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Grace (חֶסֶד‎, chesed; “grace, mercy, steadfast love, compassion”; חֵן‎, chen; “grace, graciousness, kindness”; χάρις, charis; “grace, favor, graciousness, goodwill”). Gracious or merciful behavior of a more powerful person toward another. Displayed by the Lord toward humankind and by people towards each
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
GRACE. This entry consists of two articles, one focusing upon the concept of grace as it is expressed in the Hebrew Bible, and the other focusing upon the notion of grace in the New Testament. See also LOVE.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Grace. One of the distinctive features of the religion of the Bible. No other system of religious thought, past or present, contains an emphasis on divine grace comparable to that of the Bible.As a general definition, the doctrine of grace pertains to God’s activity rather than to his nature. Although
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Grace In the OT, the RSV renders ḥēn by “grace” on four occasions only (Est. 2:17; Ps. 45:2 [MT 3]; Jer. 31:2; Zec. 4:7), while in two other instances (Zec. 11:7, 10) nōʿam (cf. Ugar. nʿm), “grace,” “kindness,” is used to convey the concept. Ḥēn is widely translated as “favor” in the RSV and NEB,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
GRACE The gift of God as expressed in his actions of extending mercy, loving-kindness, and salvation to people.Grace is the dimension of divine activity that enables God to confront human indifference and rebellion with an inexhaustible capacity to forgive and to bless. God is gracious in action. The
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
grace, as a theological concept, the unmerited favor of God, closely associated with mercy and forgiveness. The noun “grace” (Heb. khen; Gk. charis) is used only 3 times in the Hebrew Bible (Ps. 45:2; Jer. 31:2; Zech. 4:7), but occurs 115 times in the nt. These statistics, however, can be misleading,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
GRACE. The concept of grace is many-sided and subject to development in the Scriptures. In the OT ḥēn, “favor,” is the unmerited favor of a superior to an inferior. In the case of God and man, ḥēn is demonstrated usually in temporal though occasionally in spiritual blessings, and in deliverance in
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
GraceA central term in the discussion of relationships between people and with the divine. Heb. ḥēn and ḥeseḏ are the primary terms indicating God’s disposition to show favor toward humans, and God’s continuing loyalty toward those accepted into divine favor. This favor manifested itself in acts
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Grace. †God’s unmerited favor toward humanity and especially his people, realized through the covenant and fulfilled through Jesus Christ.
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
GraceNearly two-thirds (100 of 154) of the NT occurrences of charis, normally translated “grace,” are found in the Pauline letters. The term is found in all thirteen of the traditional Pauline letters, and is heavily clustered in Romans (twenty-three times) and the Corinthian letters (eighteen times
Catholic Bible Dictionary
GRACE The supernatural gift that God bestows entirely of his own benevolence upon men and women for their eternal salvation. Justification comes through grace, and through the free gift of grace the ability is bestowed to respond to the divine call of adoptive sonship, participation in the divine nature,
Key passages
Ps 30:5

For there is a moment in his anger; there is a lifetime in his favor. Weeping lodges for the evening, but in the morning comes rejoicing.

Pr 3:34

With those who scorn, he is scornful, but to those who are humble, he gives favor.

Jn 1:16–17

For from his fullness we have all received, and grace after grace. For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came about through Jesus Christ.

Ro 5:15–21

But the gift is not like the trespass, for if by the trespass of the one, the many died, by much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, multiply to the many. And the gift is not as through the one who sinned, for on the one hand, judgment from the …

Eph 2:4–9

But God, being rich in mercy, because of his great love with which he loved us, and we being dead in trespasses, he made us alive together with Christ (by grace you are saved), and raised us together and seated us together in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, in order that he might show in …

See also
Ge 4:1–15; Ge 6:1–8; Ge 8:20–9:17; Ge 15:1–21; Ge 17:1–27; Ge 18:16–33; Ge 20:1–21:7; Ge 32:1–32; Ge 39:1–23; Ge 46:1–27; Ex 5:22–6:13; Ex 20:22–26; Ex 32:1–35; Ex 33:12–34:9; Le 26:1–13; Nu 6:22–27; Nu 10:11–36; Dt 6:10–9:29; Dt 13:1–18; 1 Sa 2:22–36; 2 Sa 12:1–15; 2 Sa 15:13–37; 2 Sa 24:18–25; 1 Ki 6:1–22; 2 Ki 13:22–25; 1 Ch 17:1–27; 1 Ch 21:1–22:19; 2 Ch 30:1–27; 2 Ch 33:10–17; Ezr 9:1–15; Ne 9:1–38; Job 10:1–22; Job 29:1–25; Ps 3:1–8; Ps 4:1–8; Ps 5:1–12; Ps 6:1–10; Ps 9:1–20; Ps 26:1–12; Ps 27:1–14; Ps 30:1–12; Ps 31:1–24; Ps 41:1–13; Ps 56:1–13; Ps 67:1–7; Ps 84:1–12; Ps 86:1–17; Ps 90:1–17; Ps 102:1–28; Ps 103:1–22; Ps 111:1–10; Ps 116:1–19; Ps 119:129–136; Ps 145:1–21; Ps 149:1–9; Pr 8:32–36; Pr 11:27; Pr 12:2; Pr 18:22; Is 30:18–26; Is 33:1–9; Is 49:1–13; Is 55:1–13; Is 60:1–18; Is 61:1–11; Je 16:1–13; Je 31:1–14; Je 32:26–33:18; Eze 16:60–63; Da 9:1–19; Joe 2:12–27; Am 5:4–15; Jon 4:1–11; Zep 3:14–20; Zec 1:12–17; Zec 4:1–14; Zec 7:1–7; Zec 8:1–23; Mal 1:6–14; Mt 5:43–48; Mt 6:5–15; Mt 9:10–13; Mt 11:25–30; Mt 18:21–35; Mt 20:29–34; Lk 1:26–33; Lk 2:39–40; Lk 2:51–52; Lk 4:16–30; Lk 5:29–32; Lk 6:27–38; Lk 10:17–24; Lk 15:11–32; Lk 19:1–10; Jn 1:14–18; Jn 15:12–17; Ac 4:32–37; Ac 6:8–15; Ac 7:44–50; Ac 11:1–26; Ac 13:42–14:7; Ac 14:21–28; Ac 15:6–21; Ac 15:36–41; Ac 18:24–28; Ac 20:17–38; Ro 1:1–7; Ro 2:1–16; Ro 3:21–26; Ro 4:13–5:5; Ro 5:12–6:23; Ro 8:31–39; Ro 11:1–10; Ro 12:3–8; Ro 15:14–21; Ro 16:17–20; 1 Co 1:1–9; 1 Co 3:5–17; 1 Co 15:1–11; 1 Co 16:19–24; 2 Co 1:1–2; 2 Co 1:12–2:2; 2 Co 4:7–15; 2 Co 5:12–6:10; 2 Co 8:1–24; 2 Co 9:6–15; 2 Co 12:7–10; 2 Co 13:11–14; Ga 1:1–17; Ga 2:1–10; Ga 5:1–6; Ga 6:16–18; Eph 1:1–14; Eph 2:1–10; Eph 3:1–13; Eph 4:7–16; Eph 4:25–32; Eph 6:21–24; Php 1:1–11; Php 4:21–23; Col 1:1–8; Col 4:16–18; 1 Th 1:1; 1 Th 5:23–28; 2 Th 1:1–12; 2 Th 2:13–17; 2 Th 3:16–18; 1 Ti 1:1–2; 1 Ti 1:12–17; 1 Ti 6:20–21; 2 Ti 1:1–2; 2 Ti 1:8–12; 2 Ti 2:1–13; 2 Ti 4:22; Tt 1:1–4; Tt 2:11–3:8; Tt 3:15; Phm 1–3; Phm 23–25; Heb 2:5–9; Heb 4:14–16; Heb 10:26–39; Heb 12:12–17; Heb 13:7–17; Heb 13:20–25; Jas 4:1–6; 1 Pe 1:1–21; 1 Pe 2:18–25; 1 Pe 3:7; 1 Pe 4:7–11; 1 Pe 5:5–14; 2 Pe 1:1–4; 2 Pe 3:14–18; 2 Jn 1–3; Jud 3–4; Re 1:4–8; Re 22:20–21;
See also
Topics & Themes