Gourds • Knop • Knops • Wild Gourd
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
GOURD Trailing or climbing plant. See Plants (Castor Oil Plant; Gourd, Wild).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
gourd, a hard-rinded inedible fruit of the genus Lagenaria (large) or of the species Cucurbita pepo (small), used both as utensils (dippers, cups, storage vessels) and for ornamentation. In Jon. 4:4–10 the kjv has “gourd” where the nrsv has “bush” due to uncertain identification. Gourd motifs decorated
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
KNOP1. Heb. kāphtôr: a part of the golden lampstand in the tabernacle. It seems to have been a support for the branches and for the ornamental flowers (Ex 25:31–36; 37:17–22). In Amos 9:1 (NASB) the same Heb. word means the crown or capital of a column (KJV. “lintels”).2. Heb. pqā˓ı̂m (“gourds.”
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
GourdThe wild gourds (Heb. paqquʿōṯ) that Elisha’s servant gathered near Gilgal were most likely the fruit of the Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad., or colocynth (2 Kgs. 4:39). The colocynth is a ground-hugging vine which grows abundantly in dry conditions. Its fruit is round and yellow with green
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Gourd. †The “gourds” (Heb. paqqu˓ōṯ) gathered from a wild vine by one of the “sons of the prophets” (2 Kgs. 4:39) were colocynths (Citrullus colocynthus, also called bitter apples), bitter yellow or pale green fruits the size of an orange with strong purgative qualities, which can be poisonous
Catholic Bible Dictionary
GOURD The word used in some translations for the plant that gave shelter to Jonah and that was suddenly destroyed (Jonah 4:6–10). It might have been a castor bean, which has very large leaves. The RSV calls it “a plant.”
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Gourd1. Kikâyôn only in Jonah 4:6–10. The plant which is intended by this word, and which afforded shade to the prophet Jonah before Nineveh, is the Ricinus communis, or castor-oil plant, which, a native of Asia, is now naturalized in America, Africa, and the south of Europe. This plant varies considerably
Knop, a word employed in the Authorized Version to translate two terms which refer to some architectural or ornamental object, but which have nothing in common.1. Caphtor.—This occurs in the description of the candlestick of the sacred tent in Ex. 25:31–36 and 37:17–22. 2. The second term, Peka’im,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
GOURDS (Heb. pqā˓ı̂m, paqqūōt). Ornamentation shaped like gourds is referred to in the description of the decoration of the Temple (1 Kings 6:18) and the bronze sea (7:24). See Laver; Sea, Bronze; Tabernacle.Wild gourds were among the ingredients of Elisha’s poisonous stew (2 Kings 4:38). See Vegetable
KNOPS. An archaic translation of two Heb. words, one denoting the spherodial decorations of the seven-branched candlestick in the Tabernacle (Heb. kaptōr; Ex. 25:31–36; NASB, “bulbs,” NIV, “buds”) and one denoting the ornamentation of the Temple (Heb. pqā˓ı̂m; 1 Kings 6:18; NASB and NIV, “gourds”)
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Gourd(1.) Jonah’s gourd (Jonah 4:6–10), bearing the Hebrew name kikayon (found only here), was probably the kiki of the Egyptians, the croton. This is the castor-oil plant, a species of ricinus, the palma Christi, so called from the palmate division of its leaves. Others with more probability regard
Knopsome architectural ornament. (1.) Heb. kaphtor (Ex. 25:31–36), occurring in the description of the candlestick. It was an ornamental swell beneath the cups of the candlestick, probably an imitation of the fruit of the almond.(2.) Heb. peka’im, found only in 1 Kings 6:18 and 7:24, an ornament resembling
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Gourdgourd, a hard-rinded inedible fruit of the genus Lagenaria (large) or of the species Cucurbita pepo (small), used both as utensils (dippers, cups, storage vessels) and for ornamentation. In Jon. 4:4–10 the kjv has ‘gourd’ where the rsv has ‘plant’ due to uncertain identification. Gourd motifs
Knopknop (nawp), the kjv’s term for the rsv’s ‘capitals’ as a part of the lampstands in the tabernacle (Exod. 25:31–36; 37:17–22), probably a knob-shaped ornament. It is also the term in the kjv for the rsv’s ‘gourd’ (1 Kings 6:18) as part of the cedar decorations in the Temple (see also 1 Kings 7:24
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GOURD<gord>, <goord> ([קִיקָיוֹן‎, qiqayon]): The Vulgate (Jerome’s Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) has hedera (“ivy”), which is impossible. Philologically qiqayon appears to be connected with [κίκι, kiki], which was the Egyptian name for the castor oil plant (Ricinus communis). This grows plentifully
GOURD, WILD<wild> ([פַּקֻּעֹת שָׂדֶה‎, paqqùoth sadheh], 2 Ki 4:39): The root [פָּקַע‎, paqà], means “to split” or “burst open,” and on this ground these “wild gourds” have been identified with the fruit of the squirting cucumber (Ecballium elaterium). This little gourd, 1 1/2 to 2 inches long,
KNOP<nop>: In Exodus 25:31 ff; 37:17 ff (kaphtor), part of the ornaments of the golden candlestick; in 1 Kings 6:18; 7:24 (peqa`im), gourd-like ornaments of the lining of Solomon’s temple, and of the brazen sea (in 1 Kings 6:18, the Revised Version margin “gourds”).See CANDLESTICK-GOLDEN;
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