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Gospel of Marcion
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A form of the Gospel of Luke edited by Marcion (ca. ad 100–165), who was deemed a heretic by church fathers (e.g., Hippolytus, Refutation of All Heresies, 7.19; 10.15; Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, 4.25; 5.13). The Gospel of Marcion was never widely authoritative in the early church period.Marcion’s gospel was shorter than Luke’s Gospel, and Marcion did not make use of Matthew, Mark, or John. Marcion has been labeled “the first actual heretic” (Moll, Arch-Heretic Marcion, 44) because “he was the first Christian ever to be actually outside the Church for doctrinal reasons” (Moll, Arch-Heretic Marcion, 46). Most of what can be known about Marcion’s gospel comes from the early church father Tertullian (ca. ad 160–225), who interacted with it.Church tradition holds that Marcion produced his gospel by cutting out the parts of Luke’s Gospel that he did not think should be included. Although some past scholarship has rejected this scenario, the majority position among scholars, according to Foster, “is the one originally advocated by the earliest critics of Marcion—namely that he was a mutilator and corruptor of Luke’s Gospel” (Foster, “Marcion,” 275). No manuscripts of Marcion’s gospel are confirmed to exist. Although the New Testament papyrus P69 might be a fragment of Marcion’s gospel (see below), that possibility exists only because P69 is too small to know with certainty whether it is a fragment of Luke’s Gospel or of Marcion’s edited version.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gospel of Marcion
Gospel of Marcion A form of the Gospel of Luke edited by Marcion (ca. ad 100–165), who was deemed a heretic by church fathers (e.g., Hippolytus, Refutation of All Heresies, 7.19; 10.15; Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, 4.25; 5.13). The Gospel of Marcion was never widely authoritative in the early church
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Marcion, Gospel of
MARCION, GOSPEL OF. One of the three major works, all now lost, from a famous dualist Christian of the mid-2d century: the other two were his Apostle and Antitheses. The basic theory of Marcion was that the gospel, known to Paul, was “interpolated by the defenders of Judaism,” who corrupted it as they
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Marcion, Gospel of
MARCION*, GOSPEL OF Heretical gospel of the early second century.Marcion was a native of the Roman province of Pontus who went to Rome about ad 138 and became the founder of a sect called the Marcionites. He seems to have been a member of the Roman church for a time before he went off into heresy. The
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Marcion
Marcion (Gk. Markɩ́ōn), GOSPEL OFThe first part of the 2nd-century heretic Marcion’s bipartite canon. The second part consisted of an abridgement of 10 Pauline epistles. Marcion gave these two parts the names Gospel and Apostle. Behind these names was Marcion’s conviction that there is only one Gospel
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Marcion, Gospel of (Writing)
MARCION [märˊshən] (Gk. Markiōn], GOSPEL OF.† An abridged version of the gospel of Luke by the second-century heretic Marcion of Sinope. It lacks chs. 1–2 of the canonical gospel as well as other “accretions,” and revises passages offensive to his particular views.Troubled by the fourfold account
Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity
Marcion
MARCION—MARCIONISMI. DoctrineII. Works.Marcion of Sinope (d. ca. 160) was an important *heretical theologian. In the estimation of Adolf Harnack, he was “the most significant figure between Paul and *Augustine” (Marcion, 314 [Fr. tr.]). Since his writings have been lost over time, the information
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
MARCION, GOSPEL OF
MARCION, GOSPEL OF. Marcion, an early heretic (see MARCION, MARCIONISM), published a solitary gospel in the mid-2nd cent. The gospel is not extant and information about it may be found solely in the Christian apologists who opposed Marcion. They were insistent that he had formed his gospel by altering