The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Goodness [Heb. ṭôḇ—‘good’] (2 Ch. 6:41; Ps. 23:6; 68:10 [MT 11]); NEB also PROSPERITY (1 K. 8:66; 2 Ch. 6:41); [ṭôḇâ—‘good things’] (1 K. 8:66 par 2 Ch. 7:10); NEB PROSPERITY; [ṭûḇ] (Ex. 33:19; Neh. 9:25, 35; Ps. 27:13; 31:19 [MT 20]; 65:4 [MT 5]; 145:7; Isa. 63:7; Jer. 31:12, 14; Hos. 3:5);
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
GOODNESS. In both the OT and the NT two elements appear in particular: a goodness which rests upon mercy (ḥesed, chrēstotēs) and one that rests upon God’s moral goodness (tôb, agathōsunē). Thus, in some places God’s kindness comes to the fore: “The earth is full of the goodness [loving-kindness,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
GOODNESS. In some places kindness seems more especially meant; e.g., “the earth is full of the goodness [NASB, lovingkindness; NIV, “unfailing love”] of the Lord” (Ps. 33:5, KJV). In others it expresses the supreme benevolence, holiness, and excellence of the divine character, the sum of all God’s attributes.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Goodnessin man is not a mere passive quality, but the deliberate preference of right to wrong, the firm and persistent resistance of all moral evil, and the choosing and following of all moral good.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GOODNESS — the quality of being good; praiseworthy character; moral excellence. The Bible speaks often of the goodness of God (Ex. 33:19; Rom. 2:4). God’s goodness consists of righteousness, holiness, justice, kindness, grace, mercy, and love. Goodness is also one of the fruits of the Spirit that should
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
GoodnessGoodness is a mysterious term that communicates a sense of delight and fathomless depth-a glad mystery. A review of the words goodness or good as found in the Bible quickly reveals the reason for this: goodness in the Bible is God himself. The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are good, do
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GOODNESS<good’-nes>: This word in the Old Testament is the translation of Tobh (Ex 18:9; Ps 16:2, the Revised Version (British and American) “good”; 23:6), etc.; of Tubh (Ex 33:19; Ps 31:19; Jer 31:14; Hos 3:5), etc.; of checedh (Ex 34:6), “abundant in goodness,” the English Revised
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
Common Good
common good. The idea that the normative standard for evaluating the *justice inherent within legal, social and political actions is the *good of the people as a whole or, perhaps, of each person within *society. To the extent that an act benefits the *community in its entirety or everyone in the community,
good, goodness. In its adjectival form as an ethical term, good means, basically, morally excellent. Goodness, in turn, means the state or quality of being good. The nature of this moral excellence, however, has been one of the central questions explored by ethicists throughout history. Whereas the focus
summum bonum
summum bonum. A Latin term that means literally “highest good.” In ethical theory, the good in relation to which all other values are ordered, or in accordance to which all other values are measured. See also good, goodness; good life.
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
GOODNESS.—As resignation is the ideal of the Buddhist, and valour of the Mohammedan, so the essence of Christianity is goodness. Its Founder was the absolute personification of this characteristic quality. Nothing short of this could have so inspired the Apostles and Evangelists. Veiled within the few
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
Good, the Good, Goodness. Good is the most comprehensive term used when praising excellence. Speaking about a good book or good food is typically nonmoral. However, good conveys a moral sense regarding a person or deed. The morally good refers to aspects of personhood that include deeds, character traits,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
GOODNESS, gŏŏdʹnes: This word in the OT is the tr of ṭōbh (Ex 18:9; Ps 16:2, RV “good”; 23:6), etc; of ṭūbh (Ex 33:19; Ps 31:19: Jer 31:14; Hos 3:5), etc; of ḥeṣedh (Ex 34:6), “abundant in g.,” ERV “plenteous in mercy,” ARV “abundant in loving kindness”; “The g. of God endureth continually,”
Key passages
Ps 23:6

Surely goodness and loyal love will pursue me all the days of my life, and I will stay in the house of Yahweh for a very long time.

Ro 2:4

Or do you despise the wealth of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance?

Ga 5:22

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,

See also
Topics & Themes