Good and Evil • Goodness • The Good Life
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Good (NT)
GOOD (NT). In modern English versions of the NT, “good” appears as a translation of agathos, kalos, and chrēstos. In the Greek text, each of these terms, with their cognates, has specific nuances. The nuances vary somewhat from one NT author to another, as does the preference for one term or another.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
GOOD. Good is that which is worthy of approbation because of its inherent moral value and because of its beneficial external effect. The Scriptures use the term in both of these moral and amoral senses. In the amoral sense, gold is spoken of as good (Gen 2:12), as well as cattle (Gen 41:26), trees (Mt
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
GOOD. The Hebrew word is ṭôḇ (‘pleasant’, ‘joyful’, ‘agreeable’), signifying primarily that which gratifies the senses and derivatively that which gives aesthetic or moral satisfaction. The lxx renders ṭôḇ by agathos the regular Greek word for good as a physical or moral quality, and sometimes
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
GoodUnlike the Platonic abstract ideal of “the Good,” the biblical texts portray goodness as a quality of lived experience.In the OT trees (Gen. 2:9) and ears of grain (41:5) are described as good (Heb. ṭôḇ). Aspects of the human experience referred to as good include hospitality (Gen. 26:29), loyalty
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Good (Heb. ṭôḇ; Gk. agathós, kalós).† While philosophy often sees “the good” simply as an abstract ideal or moral norm, the Bible overwhelmingly presents goodness as a practical experienced reality.Goodness is part of human experience. Although English versions use a variety of words, the
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
GOOD — a word with two distinct meanings in the Bible:1. As an adjective, “good” means “pleasant” (Prov. 15:23), “in full measure” (Gen. 30:20), “kind” and “gracious” (1 Sam. 25:15).2. As a noun, “good” means primarily God Himself (Mark 10:18). The Bible also speaks of God’s works, gifts, and commands
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Good Life, the
Good Life, theTwo contexts will contribute to our understanding of the Bible’s images of the good life. One is to recognize how prominent the motif of the good life is to literature in general and indeed to the very idea of civilization. The human race longs for the good life and attempts to create
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GOOD<good> ([טוֹב‎, Tobh], [טוּב‎, Tubh], [יָטַב‎, yaTabh]; [ἀγαθός, agathos], [ἀγαθόν, agathon], [καλός, kalos], [καλόν, kalon]): In English “good” is used in various senses, most of which are represented in the Bible.1. In the Old Testament the commonest word is Tobh, occurring very frequently
GOOD, CHIEFWhat this consisted in was greatly discussed in ancient philosophy. Varro enumerated 288 answers to the question. By Plato “the good” was identified with God.In the Old Testament while the “good” of the nation consisted in earthly well-being or prosperity (Dt 28 etc.), that of the
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
good, goodness. In its adjectival form as an ethical term, good means, basically, morally excellent. Goodness, in turn, means the state or quality of being good. The nature of this moral excellence, however, has been one of the central questions explored by ethicists throughout history. Whereas the focus
Good Life
good life. The vision of existence or state of being that a person desires or values most; the ultimate goal toward which a person strives. As an ethical *principle, the good life is foundational to the conception of *morality and the process of ethical *decision making, insofar as most people order
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
GOOD (ἀγαθός, καλός).—It is not easy to define Christ’s idea of what is good. His expressions vary from a conception of the Good as one with the infinitely and inimitably Perfect to the most commonplace uses of the word. He speaks of old wine as ‘good’ (Lk 5:39), of the wedding-guests as ‘both bad
Dictionary of Theological Terms
Summum Bonum
Summum BonumLatin meaning “the highest good”; the supreme value in ethics* or theology.* Many have held the highest good to be the beatific vision, or full knowledge of God with accompanying joy, which awaits the saints in heaven* (1 Cor. 13:12; 1 John 3:2) but which some mystics have held to be possible
Key passages
Mt 5:16

In the same way let your light shine before people, so that they can see your good works and glorify your Father who is in heaven.

Mt 5:45

in order that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven, because he causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and he sends rain on the just and the unjust.

Mt 7:11

Therefore if you, although you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him?

Mt 7:17–19

In the same way, every good tree produces good fruit, but a bad tree produces bad fruit. A good tree is not able to produce bad fruit, nor a bad tree to produce good fruit. Every tree that does not produce good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.

Mk 10:17–18

And as he was setting out on his way, one individual ran up and knelt down before him and asked him, “Good Teacher, what must I do so that I will inherit eternal life?” So Jesus said to him, “Why do you call me good? No one is good except God alone.