Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Philistine warrior from Gath (1 Sam 17:4) whom David defeated in single combat, propelling David to fame among the Israelites (1 Sam 17).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
GOLIATH (PERSON) [Heb golyat (גָּלְיַת)]. The Philistine champion slain in single combat with David (1 Samuel 17. In one of the most familiar passages from the Hebrew Bible, the Philistines and the Israelites were encamped facing each other across the Elah valley during Saul’s reign (vv 1–3). Each day
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Goliath. Eleventh-century bc. Philistine warrior from Gath, who challenged Israel to battle (1 Sm 17). He was subsequently felled and decapitated by the youthful David. Goliath was over 9 feet tall (v 4), wore armor weighing about 125 pounds, and carried a spear of 15 pounds weight. His sword, kept at
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
1. The giant of Gath, and champion of the Philistine army (1 S. 17:4–23; 21:9; 22:10; 2 S. 21:19; 1 Ch. 20:5ff.). He defied the armies of Israel, challenging anyone to meet him in single combat while the two armies faced each other at Ephesdammim. He was slain by the youthful David.It is probable that
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
GOLIATH Eleventh-century bc Philistine warrior from Gath, who challenged Israel to battle (1 Sm 17). He was subsequently felled and decapitated by the youthful David. Goliath was over nine feet (2.7 meters) tall, wore armor weighing about 125 pounds (56.8 kilograms), and carried a spear of 15 pounds
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Goliath (guh-li´uhth), a Philistine champion from Gath. According to 1 Sam. 17, he was killed by David in single combat in the Valley of Elah. In that narrative, the might of the seasoned Philistine warrior is contrasted with the vulnerability of the Israelite shepherd boy, who fells his heavily armed
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
GOLIATH. Goliath was either a descendant of the Rephaim (q.v.), a tall aboriginal people living in the Transjordan area of Ammon, of whom a scattered remnant took refuge with the Philistines after their dispersion by the Ammonites (Deut 2:20–21), or of the Anakim (q.v.; cf. Num 13:33; Josh 11:22), noted
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
GOLIATH. A *giant of Gath serving in the Philistine army (1 Sa. 17:4), Goliath may have descended from that remnant of the Rephaim which, after having been scattered by the Ammonites (Dt. 2:20–21; 2 Sa. 21:22), took refuge with the Philistines. For discussion of his origin, see G. A. Wainwright, ‘Early
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Goliath (Heb. golyaṯ)The Philistine champion who challenged the Israelites to send out a warrior to fight with him (1 Sam. 17). This is an example of representational combat, where two heroes fight for their respective armies and the winner secures victory for his side, thus avoiding heavy casualties
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Catholic Bible Dictionary
GOLIATH (Hebrew golyāt) The famous Philistine giant of Gath who was killed in combat by David (1 Sam 17). The account of the combat is one of the most famous in all of Scripture. Goliath challenged the Israelite army at Elah each day for forty days until the challenge was met by David, a youth armed
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Goli´ath (splendor), a famous giant of Gath, who “morning and evening for forty days” defied the armies of Israel. 1 Sam. 17. (b.c. 1063.) He was possibly descended from the old Rephaim [Giants], of whom a scattered remnant took refuge with the Philistines after their dispersion by the Ammonites. Deut.