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Goliath defies the Israelites
The Philistines and Israelites encamped against one another. Goliath challenged the Israelites to send a man to fight him.
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Defy
Defy [Heb. ḥārap̱ (1 S. 17:10, 25), ’āmar (Ps. 139:20), mārâ (Isa. 3:8)]; AV also SPEAK AGAINST, PROVOKE; NEB also PROVOKE, REBEL (Isa. 3:8). In the narrative of David’s encounter with Goliath the term is used in its most familiar sense of “taunt” or “challenge to combat.” In Isa. 3:8 mārâ (“quarrel,”
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DEFY
DEFY<de-fi’> ([הָרַת‎, charaph], [זָעַם‎, zàam]): In 1 Samuel 17:10, 25, 26, 36, 45 (the story of David and Goliath) and kindred passages, this word is used in its most familiar sense — ”to taunt,” “challenge to combat” (Hebrew charaph). In Numbers 23:7, 8 “denounce” would be a better
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Defy
DEFY, dē̇-fīʹ (חָרַת‎, ḥāraph, זָעַם‎, zā‛am): In 1 S 17:10, 25, 26, 36, 45 (the story of David and Goliath) and kindred passages, this word is used in its most familiar sense—“to taunt,” “challenge to combat” (Heb ḥāraph). In Nu 23:7, 8 “denounce” would be a better tr than “defy” (Heb zā‛am).
Key passages
1 Sa 17:1–11

The Philistines gathered their camps for battle and they were gathered at Socoh which belongs to Judah. They camped between Socoh and Azekah in Ephes Dammim. Then Saul and the men of Israel were gathered and encamped in the valley of Elah, and they formed …

1 Sa 17:19

Now Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in the valley of Elah fighting the Philistines.